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Subject[Patch v3 1/3] iommu: avoid unnecessary magazine allocations
Date
The IOVA cache algorithm implemented in IOMMU code does not
exactly match the original algorithm described in the paper
"Magazines and Vmem: Extending the Slab Allocator to Many
CPUs and Arbitrary Resources".

Particularly, it doesn't need to free the loaded empty magazine
when trying to put it back to global depot. To make it work, we
have to pre-allocate magazines in the depot and only recycle them
when all of them are full.

Before this patch, rcache->depot[] contains either full or
freed entries, after this patch, it contains either full or
empty (but allocated) entries.

Together with a few other changes to make it exactly match
the pseudo code in the paper.

Cc: Joerg Roedel <joro@8bytes.org>
Cc: John Garry <john.garry@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Cong Wang <xiyou.wangcong@gmail.com>
---
drivers/iommu/iova.c | 45 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------------
1 file changed, 28 insertions(+), 17 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/iommu/iova.c b/drivers/iommu/iova.c
index 41c605b0058f..cb473ddce4cf 100644
--- a/drivers/iommu/iova.c
+++ b/drivers/iommu/iova.c
@@ -862,12 +862,16 @@ static void init_iova_rcaches(struct iova_domain *iovad)
struct iova_cpu_rcache *cpu_rcache;
struct iova_rcache *rcache;
unsigned int cpu;
- int i;
+ int i, j;

for (i = 0; i < IOVA_RANGE_CACHE_MAX_SIZE; ++i) {
rcache = &iovad->rcaches[i];
spin_lock_init(&rcache->lock);
rcache->depot_size = 0;
+ for (j = 0; j < MAX_GLOBAL_MAGS; ++j) {
+ rcache->depot[j] = iova_magazine_alloc(GFP_KERNEL);
+ WARN_ON(!rcache->depot[j]);
+ }
rcache->cpu_rcaches = __alloc_percpu(sizeof(*cpu_rcache), cache_line_size());
if (WARN_ON(!rcache->cpu_rcaches))
continue;
@@ -900,24 +904,30 @@ static bool __iova_rcache_insert(struct iova_domain *iovad,

if (!iova_magazine_full(cpu_rcache->loaded)) {
can_insert = true;
- } else if (!iova_magazine_full(cpu_rcache->prev)) {
+ } else if (iova_magazine_empty(cpu_rcache->prev)) {
swap(cpu_rcache->prev, cpu_rcache->loaded);
can_insert = true;
} else {
- struct iova_magazine *new_mag = iova_magazine_alloc(GFP_ATOMIC);
+ spin_lock(&rcache->lock);
+ if (rcache->depot_size < MAX_GLOBAL_MAGS) {
+ swap(rcache->depot[rcache->depot_size], cpu_rcache->prev);
+ swap(cpu_rcache->prev, cpu_rcache->loaded);
+ rcache->depot_size++;
+ can_insert = true;
+ } else {
+ mag_to_free = cpu_rcache->loaded;
+ }
+ spin_unlock(&rcache->lock);
+
+ if (mag_to_free) {
+ struct iova_magazine *new_mag = iova_magazine_alloc(GFP_ATOMIC);

- if (new_mag) {
- spin_lock(&rcache->lock);
- if (rcache->depot_size < MAX_GLOBAL_MAGS) {
- rcache->depot[rcache->depot_size++] =
- cpu_rcache->loaded;
+ if (new_mag) {
+ cpu_rcache->loaded = new_mag;
+ can_insert = true;
} else {
- mag_to_free = cpu_rcache->loaded;
+ mag_to_free = NULL;
}
- spin_unlock(&rcache->lock);
-
- cpu_rcache->loaded = new_mag;
- can_insert = true;
}
}

@@ -963,14 +973,15 @@ static unsigned long __iova_rcache_get(struct iova_rcache *rcache,

if (!iova_magazine_empty(cpu_rcache->loaded)) {
has_pfn = true;
- } else if (!iova_magazine_empty(cpu_rcache->prev)) {
+ } else if (iova_magazine_full(cpu_rcache->prev)) {
swap(cpu_rcache->prev, cpu_rcache->loaded);
has_pfn = true;
} else {
spin_lock(&rcache->lock);
if (rcache->depot_size > 0) {
- iova_magazine_free(cpu_rcache->loaded);
- cpu_rcache->loaded = rcache->depot[--rcache->depot_size];
+ swap(rcache->depot[rcache->depot_size - 1], cpu_rcache->prev);
+ swap(cpu_rcache->prev, cpu_rcache->loaded);
+ rcache->depot_size--;
has_pfn = true;
}
spin_unlock(&rcache->lock);
@@ -1019,7 +1030,7 @@ static void free_iova_rcaches(struct iova_domain *iovad)
iova_magazine_free(cpu_rcache->prev);
}
free_percpu(rcache->cpu_rcaches);
- for (j = 0; j < rcache->depot_size; ++j)
+ for (j = 0; j < MAX_GLOBAL_MAGS; ++j)
iova_magazine_free(rcache->depot[j]);
}
}
--
2.21.0
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