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Subject[PATCH 3.16 063/136] mm/slub: fix a deadlock in show_slab_objects()
3.16.80-rc1 review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: Qian Cai <cai@lca.pw>

commit e4f8e513c3d353c134ad4eef9fd0bba12406c7c8 upstream.

A long time ago we fixed a similar deadlock in show_slab_objects() [1].
However, it is apparently due to the commits like 01fb58bcba63 ("slab:
remove synchronous synchronize_sched() from memcg cache deactivation
path") and 03afc0e25f7f ("slab: get_online_mems for
kmem_cache_{create,destroy,shrink}"), this kind of deadlock is back by
just reading files in /sys/kernel/slab which will generate a lockdep
splat below.

Since the "mem_hotplug_lock" here is only to obtain a stable online node
mask while racing with NUMA node hotplug, in the worst case, the results
may me miscalculated while doing NUMA node hotplug, but they shall be
corrected by later reads of the same files.

WARNING: possible circular locking dependency detected
------------------------------------------------------
cat/5224 is trying to acquire lock:
ffff900012ac3120 (mem_hotplug_lock.rw_sem){++++}, at:
show_slab_objects+0x94/0x3a8

but task is already holding lock:
b8ff009693eee398 (kn->count#45){++++}, at: kernfs_seq_start+0x44/0xf0

which lock already depends on the new lock.

the existing dependency chain (in reverse order) is:

-> #2 (kn->count#45){++++}:
lock_acquire+0x31c/0x360
__kernfs_remove+0x290/0x490
kernfs_remove+0x30/0x44
sysfs_remove_dir+0x70/0x88
kobject_del+0x50/0xb0
sysfs_slab_unlink+0x2c/0x38
shutdown_cache+0xa0/0xf0
kmemcg_cache_shutdown_fn+0x1c/0x34
kmemcg_workfn+0x44/0x64
process_one_work+0x4f4/0x950
worker_thread+0x390/0x4bc
kthread+0x1cc/0x1e8
ret_from_fork+0x10/0x18

-> #1 (slab_mutex){+.+.}:
lock_acquire+0x31c/0x360
__mutex_lock_common+0x16c/0xf78
mutex_lock_nested+0x40/0x50
memcg_create_kmem_cache+0x38/0x16c
memcg_kmem_cache_create_func+0x3c/0x70
process_one_work+0x4f4/0x950
worker_thread+0x390/0x4bc
kthread+0x1cc/0x1e8
ret_from_fork+0x10/0x18

-> #0 (mem_hotplug_lock.rw_sem){++++}:
validate_chain+0xd10/0x2bcc
__lock_acquire+0x7f4/0xb8c
lock_acquire+0x31c/0x360
get_online_mems+0x54/0x150
show_slab_objects+0x94/0x3a8
total_objects_show+0x28/0x34
slab_attr_show+0x38/0x54
sysfs_kf_seq_show+0x198/0x2d4
kernfs_seq_show+0xa4/0xcc
seq_read+0x30c/0x8a8
kernfs_fop_read+0xa8/0x314
__vfs_read+0x88/0x20c
vfs_read+0xd8/0x10c
ksys_read+0xb0/0x120
__arm64_sys_read+0x54/0x88
el0_svc_handler+0x170/0x240
el0_svc+0x8/0xc

other info that might help us debug this:

Chain exists of:
mem_hotplug_lock.rw_sem --> slab_mutex --> kn->count#45

Possible unsafe locking scenario:

CPU0 CPU1
---- ----
lock(kn->count#45);
lock(slab_mutex);
lock(kn->count#45);
lock(mem_hotplug_lock.rw_sem);

*** DEADLOCK ***

3 locks held by cat/5224:
#0: 9eff00095b14b2a0 (&p->lock){+.+.}, at: seq_read+0x4c/0x8a8
#1: 0eff008997041480 (&of->mutex){+.+.}, at: kernfs_seq_start+0x34/0xf0
#2: b8ff009693eee398 (kn->count#45){++++}, at:
kernfs_seq_start+0x44/0xf0

stack backtrace:
Call trace:
dump_backtrace+0x0/0x248
show_stack+0x20/0x2c
dump_stack+0xd0/0x140
print_circular_bug+0x368/0x380
check_noncircular+0x248/0x250
validate_chain+0xd10/0x2bcc
__lock_acquire+0x7f4/0xb8c
lock_acquire+0x31c/0x360
get_online_mems+0x54/0x150
show_slab_objects+0x94/0x3a8
total_objects_show+0x28/0x34
slab_attr_show+0x38/0x54
sysfs_kf_seq_show+0x198/0x2d4
kernfs_seq_show+0xa4/0xcc
seq_read+0x30c/0x8a8
kernfs_fop_read+0xa8/0x314
__vfs_read+0x88/0x20c
vfs_read+0xd8/0x10c
ksys_read+0xb0/0x120
__arm64_sys_read+0x54/0x88
el0_svc_handler+0x170/0x240
el0_svc+0x8/0xc

I think it is important to mention that this doesn't expose the
show_slab_objects to use-after-free. There is only a single path that
might really race here and that is the slab hotplug notifier callback
__kmem_cache_shrink (via slab_mem_going_offline_callback) but that path
doesn't really destroy kmem_cache_node data structures.

[1] http://lkml.iu.edu/hypermail/linux/kernel/1101.0/02850.html

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: add comment explaining why we don't need mem_hotplug_lock]
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1570192309-10132-1-git-send-email-cai@lca.pw
Fixes: 01fb58bcba63 ("slab: remove synchronous synchronize_sched() from memcg cache deactivation path")
Fixes: 03afc0e25f7f ("slab: get_online_mems for kmem_cache_{create,destroy,shrink}")
Signed-off-by: Qian Cai <cai@lca.pw>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com>
Cc: Roman Gushchin <guro@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Ben Hutchings <ben@decadent.org.uk>
---
mm/slub.c | 13 +++++++++++--
1 file changed, 11 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

--- a/mm/slub.c
+++ b/mm/slub.c
@@ -4329,7 +4329,17 @@ static ssize_t show_slab_objects(struct
}
}

- get_online_mems();
+ /*
+ * It is impossible to take "mem_hotplug_lock" here with "kernfs_mutex"
+ * already held which will conflict with an existing lock order:
+ *
+ * mem_hotplug_lock->slab_mutex->kernfs_mutex
+ *
+ * We don't really need mem_hotplug_lock (to hold off
+ * slab_mem_going_offline_callback) here because slab's memory hot
+ * unplug code doesn't destroy the kmem_cache->node[] data.
+ */
+
#ifdef CONFIG_SLUB_DEBUG
if (flags & SO_ALL) {
for_each_node_state(node, N_NORMAL_MEMORY) {
@@ -4369,7 +4379,6 @@ static ssize_t show_slab_objects(struct
x += sprintf(buf + x, " N%d=%lu",
node, nodes[node]);
#endif
- put_online_mems();
kfree(nodes);
return x + sprintf(buf + x, "\n");
}
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