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Subject[PATCH v8 03/10] iommu/vt-d: Add bind guest PASID support
Date
When supporting guest SVA with emulated IOMMU, the guest PASID
table is shadowed in VMM. Updates to guest vIOMMU PASID table
will result in PASID cache flush which will be passed down to
the host as bind guest PASID calls.

For the SL page tables, it will be harvested from device's
default domain (request w/o PASID), or aux domain in case of
mediated device.

.-------------. .---------------------------.
| vIOMMU | | Guest process CR3, FL only|
| | '---------------------------'
.----------------/
| PASID Entry |--- PASID cache flush -
'-------------' |
| | V
| | CR3 in GPA
'-------------'
Guest
------| Shadow |--------------------------|--------
v v v
Host
.-------------. .----------------------.
| pIOMMU | | Bind FL for GVA-GPA |
| | '----------------------'
.----------------/ |
| PASID Entry | V (Nested xlate)
'----------------\.------------------------------.
| | |SL for GPA-HPA, default domain|
| | '------------------------------'
'-------------'
Where:
- FL = First level/stage one page tables
- SL = Second level/stage two page tables

Signed-off-by: Jacob Pan <jacob.jun.pan@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Liu, Yi L <yi.l.liu@linux.intel.com>
---
drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c | 4 +
drivers/iommu/intel-svm.c | 214 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/intel-iommu.h | 8 +-
include/linux/intel-svm.h | 17 ++++
4 files changed, 242 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c b/drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c
index cc89791d807c..304654dbc622 100644
--- a/drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c
+++ b/drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c
@@ -5993,6 +5993,10 @@ const struct iommu_ops intel_iommu_ops = {
.dev_disable_feat = intel_iommu_dev_disable_feat,
.is_attach_deferred = intel_iommu_is_attach_deferred,
.pgsize_bitmap = INTEL_IOMMU_PGSIZES,
+#ifdef CONFIG_INTEL_IOMMU_SVM
+ .sva_bind_gpasid = intel_svm_bind_gpasid,
+ .sva_unbind_gpasid = intel_svm_unbind_gpasid,
+#endif
};

static void quirk_iommu_igfx(struct pci_dev *dev)
diff --git a/drivers/iommu/intel-svm.c b/drivers/iommu/intel-svm.c
index 0fcbe631cd5f..f580b7be63c5 100644
--- a/drivers/iommu/intel-svm.c
+++ b/drivers/iommu/intel-svm.c
@@ -230,6 +230,220 @@ static LIST_HEAD(global_svm_list);
list_for_each_entry((sdev), &(svm)->devs, list) \
if ((d) != (sdev)->dev) {} else

+int intel_svm_bind_gpasid(struct iommu_domain *domain,
+ struct device *dev,
+ struct iommu_gpasid_bind_data *data)
+{
+ struct intel_iommu *iommu = intel_svm_device_to_iommu(dev);
+ struct dmar_domain *ddomain;
+ struct intel_svm_dev *sdev;
+ struct intel_svm *svm;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ if (WARN_ON(!iommu) || !data)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (data->version != IOMMU_GPASID_BIND_VERSION_1 ||
+ data->format != IOMMU_PASID_FORMAT_INTEL_VTD)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (dev_is_pci(dev)) {
+ /* VT-d supports devices with full 20 bit PASIDs only */
+ if (pci_max_pasids(to_pci_dev(dev)) != PASID_MAX)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ } else {
+ return -ENOTSUPP;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * We only check host PASID range, we have no knowledge to check
+ * guest PASID range nor do we use the guest PASID.
+ */
+ if (data->hpasid <= 0 || data->hpasid >= PASID_MAX)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ ddomain = to_dmar_domain(domain);
+
+ /* Sanity check paging mode support match between host and guest */
+ if (data->addr_width == ADDR_WIDTH_5LEVEL &&
+ !cap_5lp_support(iommu->cap)) {
+ pr_err("Cannot support 5 level paging requested by guest!\n");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ mutex_lock(&pasid_mutex);
+ svm = ioasid_find(NULL, data->hpasid, NULL);
+ if (IS_ERR(svm)) {
+ ret = PTR_ERR(svm);
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ if (svm) {
+ /*
+ * If we found svm for the PASID, there must be at
+ * least one device bond, otherwise svm should be freed.
+ */
+ if (WARN_ON(list_empty(&svm->devs)))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (svm->mm == get_task_mm(current) &&
+ data->hpasid == svm->pasid &&
+ data->gpasid == svm->gpasid) {
+ pr_warn("Cannot bind the same guest-host PASID for the same process\n");
+ mmput(svm->mm);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ for_each_svm_dev(sdev, svm, dev) {
+ /* In case of multiple sub-devices of the same pdev
+ * assigned, we should allow multiple bind calls with
+ * the same PASID and pdev.
+ */
+ sdev->users++;
+ goto out;
+ }
+ } else {
+ /* We come here when PASID has never been bond to a device. */
+ svm = kzalloc(sizeof(*svm), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!svm) {
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ goto out;
+ }
+ /* REVISIT: upper layer/VFIO can track host process that bind the PASID.
+ * ioasid_set = mm might be sufficient for vfio to check pasid VMM
+ * ownership.
+ */
+ svm->mm = get_task_mm(current);
+ svm->pasid = data->hpasid;
+ if (data->flags & IOMMU_SVA_GPASID_VAL) {
+ svm->gpasid = data->gpasid;
+ svm->flags |= SVM_FLAG_GUEST_PASID;
+ }
+ ioasid_set_data(data->hpasid, svm);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD_RCU(&svm->devs);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&svm->list);
+
+ mmput(svm->mm);
+ }
+ sdev = kzalloc(sizeof(*sdev), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!sdev) {
+ if (list_empty(&svm->devs)) {
+ ioasid_set_data(data->hpasid, NULL);
+ kfree(svm);
+ }
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ goto out;
+ }
+ sdev->dev = dev;
+ sdev->users = 1;
+
+ /* Set up device context entry for PASID if not enabled already */
+ ret = intel_iommu_enable_pasid(iommu, sdev->dev);
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(dev, "Failed to enable PASID capability\n");
+ kfree(sdev);
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * For guest bind, we need to set up PASID table entry as follows:
+ * - FLPM matches guest paging mode
+ * - turn on nested mode
+ * - SL guest address width matching
+ */
+ ret = intel_pasid_setup_nested(iommu,
+ dev,
+ (pgd_t *)data->gpgd,
+ data->hpasid,
+ &data->vtd,
+ ddomain,
+ data->addr_width);
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(dev, "Failed to set up PASID %llu in nested mode, Err %d\n",
+ data->hpasid, ret);
+ /*
+ * PASID entry should be in cleared state if nested mode
+ * set up failed. So we only need to clear IOASID tracking
+ * data such that free call will succeed.
+ */
+ ioasid_set_data(data->hpasid, NULL);
+ kfree(sdev);
+ if (list_empty(&svm->devs))
+ kfree(svm);
+
+ goto out;
+ }
+ svm->flags |= SVM_FLAG_GUEST_MODE;
+
+ init_rcu_head(&sdev->rcu);
+ list_add_rcu(&sdev->list, &svm->devs);
+ out:
+ mutex_unlock(&pasid_mutex);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+int intel_svm_unbind_gpasid(struct device *dev, int pasid)
+{
+ struct intel_iommu *iommu = intel_svm_device_to_iommu(dev);
+ struct intel_svm_dev *sdev;
+ struct intel_svm *svm;
+ int ret = -EINVAL;
+
+ if (WARN_ON(!iommu))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ mutex_lock(&pasid_mutex);
+ svm = ioasid_find(NULL, pasid, NULL);
+ if (!svm) {
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ if (IS_ERR(svm)) {
+ ret = PTR_ERR(svm);
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ for_each_svm_dev(sdev, svm, dev) {
+ ret = 0;
+ sdev->users--;
+ if (!sdev->users) {
+ list_del_rcu(&sdev->list);
+ intel_pasid_tear_down_entry(iommu, dev, svm->pasid);
+ /* TODO: Drain in flight PRQ for the PASID since it
+ * may get reused soon, we don't want to
+ * confuse with its previous life.
+ * intel_svm_drain_prq(dev, pasid);
+ */
+ kfree_rcu(sdev, rcu);
+
+ if (list_empty(&svm->devs)) {
+ list_del(&svm->list);
+ /*
+ * We do not free PASID here until explicit call
+ * from VFIO to free. The PASID life cycle
+ * management is largely tied to VFIO management
+ * of assigned device life cycles. In case of
+ * guest exit without a explicit free PASID call,
+ * the responsibility lies in VFIO layer to free
+ * the PASIDs allocated for the guest.
+ * For security reasons, VFIO has to track the
+ * PASID ownership per guest anyway to ensure
+ * that PASID allocated by one guest cannot be
+ * used by another.
+ */
+ ioasid_set_data(pasid, NULL);
+ kfree(svm);
+ }
+ }
+ break;
+ }
+out:
+ mutex_unlock(&pasid_mutex);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
int intel_svm_bind_mm(struct device *dev, int *pasid, int flags, struct svm_dev_ops *ops)
{
struct intel_iommu *iommu = intel_svm_device_to_iommu(dev);
diff --git a/include/linux/intel-iommu.h b/include/linux/intel-iommu.h
index 19bf9ff180ae..412a90cb1738 100644
--- a/include/linux/intel-iommu.h
+++ b/include/linux/intel-iommu.h
@@ -671,7 +671,9 @@ int intel_iommu_enable_pasid(struct intel_iommu *iommu, struct device *dev);
extern void intel_svm_check(struct intel_iommu *iommu);
extern int intel_svm_enable_prq(struct intel_iommu *iommu);
extern int intel_svm_finish_prq(struct intel_iommu *iommu);
-
+extern int intel_svm_bind_gpasid(struct iommu_domain *domain,
+ struct device *dev, struct iommu_gpasid_bind_data *data);
+extern int intel_svm_unbind_gpasid(struct device *dev, int pasid);
struct svm_dev_ops;

struct intel_svm_dev {
@@ -688,9 +690,13 @@ struct intel_svm_dev {
struct intel_svm {
struct mmu_notifier notifier;
struct mm_struct *mm;
+
struct intel_iommu *iommu;
int flags;
int pasid;
+ int gpasid; /* Guest PASID in case of vSVA bind with non-identity host
+ * to guest PASID mapping.
+ */
struct list_head devs;
struct list_head list;
};
diff --git a/include/linux/intel-svm.h b/include/linux/intel-svm.h
index 94f047a8a845..a2c189ad0b01 100644
--- a/include/linux/intel-svm.h
+++ b/include/linux/intel-svm.h
@@ -44,6 +44,23 @@ struct svm_dev_ops {
* do such IOTLB flushes automatically.
*/
#define SVM_FLAG_SUPERVISOR_MODE (1<<1)
+/*
+ * The SVM_FLAG_GUEST_MODE flag is used when a guest process bind to a device.
+ * In this case the mm_struct is in the guest kernel or userspace, its life
+ * cycle is managed by VMM and VFIO layer. For IOMMU driver, this API provides
+ * means to bind/unbind guest CR3 with PASIDs allocated for a device.
+ */
+#define SVM_FLAG_GUEST_MODE (1<<2)
+/*
+ * The SVM_FLAG_GUEST_PASID flag is used when a guest has its own PASID space,
+ * which requires guest and host PASID translation at both directions. We keep
+ * track of guest PASID in order to provide lookup service to device drivers.
+ * One such example is a physical function (PF) driver that supports mediated
+ * device (mdev) assignment. Guest programming of mdev configuration space can
+ * only be done with guest PASID, therefore PF driver needs to find the matching
+ * host PASID to program the real hardware.
+ */
+#define SVM_FLAG_GUEST_PASID (1<<3)

#ifdef CONFIG_INTEL_IOMMU_SVM

--
2.7.4
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