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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/2] zonefs: Add documentation
On 12/12/19 7:38 PM, Damien Le Moal wrote:
> Add the new file Documentation/filesystems/zonefs.txt to document zonefs
> principles and user-space tool usage.
> Signed-off-by: Damien Le Moal <>
> ---
> Documentation/filesystems/zonefs.txt | 150 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 2 files changed, 151 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 Documentation/filesystems/zonefs.txt
> diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/zonefs.txt b/Documentation/filesystems/zonefs.txt
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..e5d798f4087d
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/Documentation/filesystems/zonefs.txt
> @@ -0,0 +1,150 @@
> +ZoneFS - Zone filesystem for Zoned block devices
> +
> +Overview
> +========
> +
> +zonefs is a very simple file system exposing each zone of a zoned block device
> +as a file. Unlike a regular file system with zoned block device support (e.g.
> +f2fs), zonefs does not hide the sequential write constraint of zoned block
> +devices to the user. Files representing sequential write zones of the device
> +must be written sequentially starting from the end of the file (append only
> +writes).
> +
> +As such, zonefs is in essence closer to a raw block device access interface
> +than to a full featured POSIX file system. The goal of zonefs is to simplify
> +the implementation of zoned block devices support in applications by replacing
> +raw block device file accesses with a richer file API, avoiding relying on
> +direct block device file ioctls which may be more obscure to developers. One
> +example of this approach is the implementation of LSM (log-structured merge)
> +tree structures (such as used in RocksDB and LevelDB) on zoned block devices by
> +allowing SSTables to be stored in a zone file similarly to a regular file system
> +rather than as a range of sectors of the entire disk. The introduction of the
> +higher level construct "one file is one zone" can help reducing the amount of
> +changes needed in the application as well as introducing support for different
> +application programming languages.
> +
> +zonefs on-disk metadata is reduced to a super block which persistently stores a
> +magic number and optional features flags and values. On mount, zonefs uses
> +blkdev_report_zones() to obtain the device zone configuration and populates
> +the mount point with a static file tree solely based on this information.
> +E.g. file sizes come from the device zone type and write pointer offset managed
> +by the device itself.
> +
> +The zone files created on mount have the following characteristics.
> +1) Files representing zones of the same type are grouped together
> + under the same sub-directory:
> + * For conventional zones, the sub-directory "cnv" is used.
> + * For sequential write zones, the sub-directory "seq" is used.
> + These two directories are the only directories that exist in zonefs. Users
> + cannot create other directories and cannot rename nor delete the "cnv" and
> + "seq" sub-directories.
> +2) The name of zone files is the number of the file within the zone type
> + sub-directory, in order of increasing zone start sector.
> +3) The size of conventional zone files is fixed to the device zone size.
> + Conventional zone files cannot be truncated.
> +4) The size of sequential zone files represent the file's zone write pointer
> + position relative to the zone start sector. Truncating these files is
> + allowed only down to 0, in wich case, the zone is reset to rewind the file
> + zone write pointer position to the start of the zone, or up to the zone size,
> + in which case the file's zone is transitioned to the FULL state (finish zone
> + operation).
> +5) All read and write operations to files are not allowed beyond the file zone
> + size. Any access exceeding the zone size is failed with the -EFBIG error.
> +6) Creating, deleting, renaming or modifying any attribute of files and
> + sub-directories is not allowed.
> +
> +Several optional features of zonefs can be enabled at format time.
> +* Conventional zone aggregation: ranges of contiguous conventional zones can be
> + agregated into a single larger file instead of the default one file per zone.
> +* File ownership: The owner UID and GID of zone files is by default 0 (root)
> + but can be changed to any valid UID/GID.
> +* File access permissions: the default 640 access permissions can be changed.
> +

Please mention the 'direct writes only to sequential zones' restriction.


Dr. Hannes Reinecke Teamlead Storage & Networking +49 911 74053 688
SUSE Software Solutions GmbH, Maxfeldstr. 5, 90409 Nürnberg
HRB 36809 (AG Nürnberg), Geschäftsführer: Felix Imendörffer

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