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SubjectRe: [RESEND][PATCH v16 1/5] dma-buf: Add dma-buf heaps framework
From
Date
On 12/3/19 12:26 PM, John Stultz wrote:
> From: "Andrew F. Davis" <afd@ti.com>
>
> This framework allows a unified userspace interface for dma-buf
> exporters, allowing userland to allocate specific types of memory
> for use in dma-buf sharing.
>
> Each heap is given its own device node, which a user can allocate
> a dma-buf fd from using the DMA_HEAP_IOC_ALLOC.
>
> This code is an evoluiton of the Android ION implementation,
> and a big thanks is due to its authors/maintainers over time
> for their effort:
> Rebecca Schultz Zavin, Colin Cross, Benjamin Gaignard,
> Laura Abbott, and many other contributors!
>
> Cc: Laura Abbott <labbott@redhat.com>
> Cc: Benjamin Gaignard <benjamin.gaignard@linaro.org>
> Cc: Sumit Semwal <sumit.semwal@linaro.org>
> Cc: Liam Mark <lmark@codeaurora.org>
> Cc: Pratik Patel <pratikp@codeaurora.org>
> Cc: Brian Starkey <Brian.Starkey@arm.com>
> Cc: Vincent Donnefort <Vincent.Donnefort@arm.com>
> Cc: Sudipto Paul <Sudipto.Paul@arm.com>
> Cc: Andrew F. Davis <afd@ti.com>
> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
> Cc: Chenbo Feng <fengc@google.com>
> Cc: Alistair Strachan <astrachan@google.com>
> Cc: Hridya Valsaraju <hridya@google.com>
> Cc: Sandeep Patil <sspatil@google.com>
> Cc: Hillf Danton <hdanton@sina.com>
> Cc: Dave Airlie <airlied@gmail.com>
> Cc: dri-devel@lists.freedesktop.org
> Reviewed-by: Brian Starkey <brian.starkey@arm.com>
> Acked-by: Sandeep Patil <sspatil@android.com>
> Signed-off-by: Andrew F. Davis <afd@ti.com>
> Signed-off-by: John Stultz <john.stultz@linaro.org>
> ---
> v2:
> * Folded down fixes I had previously shared in implementing
> heaps
> * Make flags a u64 (Suggested by Laura)
> * Add PAGE_ALIGN() fix to the core alloc funciton
> * IOCTL fixups suggested by Brian
> * Added fixes suggested by Benjamin
> * Removed core stats mgmt, as that should be implemented by
> per-heap code
> * Changed alloc to return a dma-buf fd, rather than a buffer
> (as it simplifies error handling)
> v3:
> * Removed scare-quotes in MAINTAINERS email address
> * Get rid of .release function as it didn't do anything (from
> Christoph)
> * Renamed filp to file (suggested by Christoph)
> * Split out ioctl handling to separate function (suggested by
> Christoph)
> * Add comment documenting PAGE_ALIGN usage (suggested by Brian)
> * Switch from idr to Xarray (suggested by Brian)
> * Fixup cdev creation (suggested by Brian)
> * Avoid EXPORT_SYMBOL until we finalize modules (suggested by
> Brian)
> * Make struct dma_heap internal only (folded in from Andrew)
> * Small cleanups suggested by GregKH
> * Provide class->devnode callback to get consistent /dev/
> subdirectory naming (Suggested by Bjorn)
> v4:
> * Folded down dma-heap.h change that was in a following patch
> * Added fd_flags entry to allocation structure and pass it
> through to heap code for use on dma-buf fd creation (suggested
> by Benjamin)
> v5:
> * Minor cleanups
> v6:
> * Improved error path handling, minor whitespace fixes, both
> suggested by Brian
> v7:
> * Longer Kconfig description to quiet checkpatch warnings
> * Re-add compat_ioctl bits (Hridya noticed 32bit userland wasn't
> working)
> v8:
> * Make struct dma_heap_ops consts (Suggested by Christoph)
> * Checkpatch whitespace fixups
> v9:
> * Minor cleanups suggested by Brian Starkey
> * Rename dma_heap_get_data->dma_heap_get_drvdata suggested
> by Hilf Danton
> v11:
> * Kconfig text improvements suggested by Randy Dunlap
> v12:
> * Add logic to prevent duplicately named heaps being added
> * Add symbol exports for heaps as modules
> v13:
> * Re-remove symbol exports per discussion w/ Brian. Will
> resubmit in a separte patch for review
> v14:
> * Reworked ioctl handler to zero fill any difference in
> structure size, similar to what the DRM core does, as
> suggested by Dave Airlie
> * Removed now unnecessary reserved bits in allocate_data
> * Added get_features ioctl as suggested by Dave Airlie
> * Removed pr_warn_once messages as requested by Dave
> Airlie
> v15:
> * Dropped the get_features ioctl as suggested by Brian
> Starkey and Daniel Vetter
> * Add listhead comment suggested by Sandeep Patil
> * Dropped minor value in struct dma_heap as suggested by
> Sandeep Patil
> * Fix grammar typo from Brian Starkey
> v16:
> * Typo fix suggested by Hridya Valsaraju <hridya@google.com>
> ---
> MAINTAINERS | 18 +++
> drivers/dma-buf/Kconfig | 9 ++
> drivers/dma-buf/Makefile | 1 +
> drivers/dma-buf/dma-heap.c | 297 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> include/linux/dma-heap.h | 59 +++++++
> include/uapi/linux/dma-heap.h | 53 ++++++
> 6 files changed, 437 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 drivers/dma-buf/dma-heap.c
> create mode 100644 include/linux/dma-heap.h
> create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/dma-heap.h
>
> diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
> index 8608724835dd..44b7cbc0ec29 100644
> --- a/MAINTAINERS
> +++ b/MAINTAINERS
> @@ -4971,6 +4971,24 @@ F: include/linux/*fence.h
> F: Documentation/driver-api/dma-buf.rst
> T: git git://anongit.freedesktop.org/drm/drm-misc
>
> +DMA-BUF HEAPS FRAMEWORK
> +M: Sumit Semwal <sumit.semwal@linaro.org>
> +R: Andrew F. Davis <afd@ti.com>
> +R: Benjamin Gaignard <benjamin.gaignard@linaro.org>
> +R: Liam Mark <lmark@codeaurora.org>
> +R: Laura Abbott <labbott@redhat.com>
> +R: Brian Starkey <Brian.Starkey@arm.com>
> +R: John Stultz <john.stultz@linaro.org>
> +S: Maintained
> +L: linux-media@vger.kernel.org
> +L: dri-devel@lists.freedesktop.org
> +L: linaro-mm-sig@lists.linaro.org (moderated for non-subscribers)
> +F: include/uapi/linux/dma-heap.h
> +F: include/linux/dma-heap.h
> +F: drivers/dma-buf/dma-heap.c
> +F: drivers/dma-buf/heaps/*
> +T: git git://anongit.freedesktop.org/drm/drm-misc
> +
> DMA GENERIC OFFLOAD ENGINE SUBSYSTEM
> M: Vinod Koul <vkoul@kernel.org>
> L: dmaengine@vger.kernel.org
> diff --git a/drivers/dma-buf/Kconfig b/drivers/dma-buf/Kconfig
> index a23b6752d11a..bffa58fc3e6e 100644
> --- a/drivers/dma-buf/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/dma-buf/Kconfig
> @@ -44,4 +44,13 @@ config DMABUF_SELFTESTS
> default n
> depends on DMA_SHARED_BUFFER
>
> +menuconfig DMABUF_HEAPS
> + bool "DMA-BUF Userland Memory Heaps"
> + select DMA_SHARED_BUFFER
> + help
> + Choose this option to enable the DMA-BUF userland memory heaps.
> + This options creates per heap chardevs in /dev/dma_heap/ which
> + allows userspace to allocate dma-bufs that can be shared
> + between drivers.
> +
> endmenu
> diff --git a/drivers/dma-buf/Makefile b/drivers/dma-buf/Makefile
> index 03479da06422..caee5eb3d351 100644
> --- a/drivers/dma-buf/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/dma-buf/Makefile
> @@ -1,6 +1,7 @@
> # SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
> obj-y := dma-buf.o dma-fence.o dma-fence-array.o dma-fence-chain.o \
> dma-resv.o seqno-fence.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_DMABUF_HEAPS) += dma-heap.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_SYNC_FILE) += sync_file.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_SW_SYNC) += sw_sync.o sync_debug.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_UDMABUF) += udmabuf.o
> diff --git a/drivers/dma-buf/dma-heap.c b/drivers/dma-buf/dma-heap.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..4f04d104ae61
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/dma-buf/dma-heap.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,297 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> +/*
> + * Framework for userspace DMA-BUF allocations
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2011 Google, Inc.
> + * Copyright (C) 2019 Linaro Ltd.
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/cdev.h>
> +#include <linux/debugfs.h>
> +#include <linux/device.h>
> +#include <linux/dma-buf.h>
> +#include <linux/err.h>
> +#include <linux/xarray.h>
> +#include <linux/list.h>
> +#include <linux/slab.h>
> +#include <linux/uaccess.h>
> +#include <linux/syscalls.h>
> +#include <linux/dma-heap.h>
> +#include <uapi/linux/dma-heap.h>
> +
> +#define DEVNAME "dma_heap"
> +
> +#define NUM_HEAP_MINORS 128
> +
> +/**
> + * struct dma_heap - represents a dmabuf heap in the system
> + * @name: used for debugging/device-node name
> + * @ops: ops struct for this heap
> + * @heap_devt heap device node
> + * @list list head connecting to list of heaps
> + * @heap_cdev heap char device
> + *
> + * Represents a heap of memory from which buffers can be made.
> + */
> +struct dma_heap {
> + const char *name;
> + const struct dma_heap_ops *ops;
> + void *priv;
> + dev_t heap_devt;
> + struct list_head list;
> + struct cdev heap_cdev;
> +};
> +
> +static LIST_HEAD(heap_list);
> +static DEFINE_MUTEX(heap_list_lock);
> +static dev_t dma_heap_devt;
> +static struct class *dma_heap_class;
> +static DEFINE_XARRAY_ALLOC(dma_heap_minors);
> +
> +static int dma_heap_buffer_alloc(struct dma_heap *heap, size_t len,
> + unsigned int fd_flags,
> + unsigned int heap_flags)
> +{
> + /*
> + * Allocations from all heaps have to begin
> + * and end on page boundaries.
> + */
> + len = PAGE_ALIGN(len);
> + if (!len)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + return heap->ops->allocate(heap, len, fd_flags, heap_flags);
> +}
> +
> +static int dma_heap_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
> +{
> + struct dma_heap *heap;
> +
> + heap = xa_load(&dma_heap_minors, iminor(inode));
> + if (!heap) {
> + pr_err("dma_heap: minor %d unknown.\n", iminor(inode));
> + return -ENODEV;
> + }
> +
> + /* instance data as context */
> + file->private_data = heap;
> + nonseekable_open(inode, file);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static long dma_heap_ioctl_allocate(struct file *file, void *data)
> +{
> + struct dma_heap_allocation_data *heap_allocation = data;
> + struct dma_heap *heap = file->private_data;
> + int fd;
> +
> + if (heap_allocation->fd)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + if (heap_allocation->fd_flags & ~DMA_HEAP_VALID_FD_FLAGS)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + if (heap_allocation->heap_flags & ~DMA_HEAP_VALID_HEAP_FLAGS)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + fd = dma_heap_buffer_alloc(heap, heap_allocation->len,
> + heap_allocation->fd_flags,
> + heap_allocation->heap_flags);
> + if (fd < 0)
> + return fd;
> +
> + heap_allocation->fd = fd;
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +unsigned int dma_heap_ioctl_cmds[] = {
> + DMA_HEAP_IOC_ALLOC,
> +};
> +
> +static long dma_heap_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int ucmd,
> + unsigned long arg)
> +{
> + char stack_kdata[128];
> + char *kdata = stack_kdata;
> + unsigned int kcmd;
> + unsigned int in_size, out_size, drv_size, ksize;
> + int nr = _IOC_NR(ucmd);
> + int ret = 0;
> +
> + if (nr >= ARRAY_SIZE(dma_heap_ioctl_cmds))
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + /* Get the kernel ioctl cmd that matches */
> + kcmd = dma_heap_ioctl_cmds[nr];
> +
> + /* Figure out the delta between user cmd size and kernel cmd size */
> + drv_size = _IOC_SIZE(kcmd);
> + out_size = _IOC_SIZE(ucmd);
> + in_size = out_size;
> + if ((ucmd & kcmd & IOC_IN) == 0)
> + in_size = 0;
> + if ((ucmd & kcmd & IOC_OUT) == 0)
> + out_size = 0;
> + ksize = max(max(in_size, out_size), drv_size);
> +
> + /* If necessary, allocate buffer for ioctl argument */
> + if (ksize > sizeof(stack_kdata)) {
> + kdata = kmalloc(ksize, GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!kdata)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> + }
> +
> + if (copy_from_user(kdata, (void __user *)arg, in_size) != 0) {
> + ret = -EFAULT;
> + goto err;
> + }
> +
> + /* zero out any difference between the kernel/user structure size */
> + if (ksize > in_size)
> + memset(kdata + in_size, 0, ksize - in_size);
> +
> + switch (kcmd) {
> + case DMA_HEAP_IOC_ALLOC:
> + ret = dma_heap_ioctl_allocate(file, kdata);
> + break;
> + default:
> + return -ENOTTY;
> + }
> +
> + if (copy_to_user((void __user *)arg, kdata, out_size) != 0)
> + ret = -EFAULT;
> +err:
> + if (kdata != stack_kdata)
> + kfree(kdata);
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct file_operations dma_heap_fops = {
> + .owner = THIS_MODULE,
> + .open = dma_heap_open,
> + .unlocked_ioctl = dma_heap_ioctl,
> +#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
> + .compat_ioctl = dma_heap_ioctl,
> +#endif
> +};
> +
> +/**
> + * dma_heap_get_drvdata() - get per-subdriver data for the heap
> + * @heap: DMA-Heap to retrieve private data for
> + *
> + * Returns:
> + * The per-subdriver data for the heap.
> + */
> +void *dma_heap_get_drvdata(struct dma_heap *heap)
> +{
> + return heap->priv;
> +}
> +
> +struct dma_heap *dma_heap_add(const struct dma_heap_export_info *exp_info)
> +{
> + struct dma_heap *heap, *h, *err_ret;
> + struct device *dev_ret;
> + unsigned int minor;
> + int ret;
> +
> + if (!exp_info->name || !strcmp(exp_info->name, "")) {
> + pr_err("dma_heap: Cannot add heap without a name\n");
> + return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
> + }
> +
> + if (!exp_info->ops || !exp_info->ops->allocate) {
> + pr_err("dma_heap: Cannot add heap with invalid ops struct\n");
> + return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
> + }
> +
> + /* check the name is unique */
> + mutex_lock(&heap_list_lock);
> + list_for_each_entry(h, &heap_list, list) {
> + if (!strcmp(h->name, exp_info->name)) {
> + mutex_unlock(&heap_list_lock);
> + pr_err("dma_heap: Already registered heap named %s\n",
> + exp_info->name);
> + return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
> + }
> + }
> + mutex_unlock(&heap_list_lock);
> +
> + heap = kzalloc(sizeof(*heap), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!heap)
> + return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
> +
> + heap->name = exp_info->name;
> + heap->ops = exp_info->ops;
> + heap->priv = exp_info->priv;
> +
> + /* Find unused minor number */
> + ret = xa_alloc(&dma_heap_minors, &minor, heap,
> + XA_LIMIT(0, NUM_HEAP_MINORS - 1), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (ret < 0) {
> + pr_err("dma_heap: Unable to get minor number for heap\n");
> + err_ret = ERR_PTR(ret);
> + goto err0;
> + }
> +
> + /* Create device */
> + heap->heap_devt = MKDEV(MAJOR(dma_heap_devt), minor);
> +
> + cdev_init(&heap->heap_cdev, &dma_heap_fops);
> + ret = cdev_add(&heap->heap_cdev, heap->heap_devt, 1);
> + if (ret < 0) {
> + pr_err("dma_heap: Unable to add char device\n");
> + err_ret = ERR_PTR(ret);
> + goto err1;
> + }
> +
> + dev_ret = device_create(dma_heap_class,
> + NULL,
> + heap->heap_devt,
> + NULL,
> + heap->name);
> + if (IS_ERR(dev_ret)) {
> + pr_err("dma_heap: Unable to create device\n");
> + err_ret = ERR_CAST(dev_ret);
> + goto err2;
> + }
> + /* Add heap to the list */
> + mutex_lock(&heap_list_lock);
> + list_add(&heap->list, &heap_list);
> + mutex_unlock(&heap_list_lock);
> +
> + return heap;
> +
> +err2:
> + cdev_del(&heap->heap_cdev);
> +err1:
> + xa_erase(&dma_heap_minors, minor);
> +err0:
> + kfree(heap);
> + return err_ret;
> +}
> +
> +static char *dma_heap_devnode(struct device *dev, umode_t *mode)
> +{
> + return kasprintf(GFP_KERNEL, "dma_heap/%s", dev_name(dev));
> +}
> +
> +static int dma_heap_init(void)
> +{
> + int ret;
> +
> + ret = alloc_chrdev_region(&dma_heap_devt, 0, NUM_HEAP_MINORS, DEVNAME);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> +
> + dma_heap_class = class_create(THIS_MODULE, DEVNAME);
> + if (IS_ERR(dma_heap_class)) {
> + unregister_chrdev_region(dma_heap_devt, NUM_HEAP_MINORS);
> + return PTR_ERR(dma_heap_class);
> + }
> + dma_heap_class->devnode = dma_heap_devnode;
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +subsys_initcall(dma_heap_init);
> diff --git a/include/linux/dma-heap.h b/include/linux/dma-heap.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..454e354d1ffb
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/include/linux/dma-heap.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,59 @@
> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
> +/*
> + * DMABUF Heaps Allocation Infrastructure
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2011 Google, Inc.
> + * Copyright (C) 2019 Linaro Ltd.
> + */
> +
> +#ifndef _DMA_HEAPS_H
> +#define _DMA_HEAPS_H
> +
> +#include <linux/cdev.h>
> +#include <linux/types.h>
> +
> +struct dma_heap;
> +
> +/**
> + * struct dma_heap_ops - ops to operate on a given heap
> + * @allocate: allocate dmabuf and return fd
> + *
> + * allocate returns dmabuf fd on success, -errno on error.
> + */
> +struct dma_heap_ops {
> + int (*allocate)(struct dma_heap *heap,
> + unsigned long len,
> + unsigned long fd_flags,
> + unsigned long heap_flags);
> +};
> +
> +/**
> + * struct dma_heap_export_info - information needed to export a new dmabuf heap
> + * @name: used for debugging/device-node name
> + * @ops: ops struct for this heap
> + * @priv: heap exporter private data
> + *
> + * Information needed to export a new dmabuf heap.
> + */
> +struct dma_heap_export_info {
> + const char *name;
> + const struct dma_heap_ops *ops;
> + void *priv;
> +};
> +
> +/**
> + * dma_heap_get_drvdata() - get per-heap driver data
> + * @heap: DMA-Heap to retrieve private data for
> + *
> + * Returns:
> + * The per-heap data for the heap.
> + */
> +void *dma_heap_get_drvdata(struct dma_heap *heap);
> +
> +/**
> + * dma_heap_add - adds a heap to dmabuf heaps
> + * @exp_info: information needed to register this heap
> + */
> +struct dma_heap *dma_heap_add(const struct dma_heap_export_info *exp_info);
> +
> +#endif /* _DMA_HEAPS_H */
> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/dma-heap.h b/include/uapi/linux/dma-heap.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..73e7f66c1cae
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/dma-heap.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,53 @@
> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note */
> +/*
> + * DMABUF Heaps Userspace API
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2011 Google, Inc.
> + * Copyright (C) 2019 Linaro Ltd.
> + */
> +#ifndef _UAPI_LINUX_DMABUF_POOL_H
> +#define _UAPI_LINUX_DMABUF_POOL_H
> +
> +#include <linux/ioctl.h>
> +#include <linux/types.h>
> +
> +/**
> + * DOC: DMABUF Heaps Userspace API
> + */
> +
> +/* Valid FD_FLAGS are O_CLOEXEC, O_RDONLY, O_WRONLY, O_RDWR */
> +#define DMA_HEAP_VALID_FD_FLAGS (O_CLOEXEC | O_ACCMODE)
> +
> +/* Currently no heap flags */
> +#define DMA_HEAP_VALID_HEAP_FLAGS (0)
> +
> +/**
> + * struct dma_heap_allocation_data - metadata passed from userspace for
> + * allocations
> + * @len: size of the allocation
> + * @fd: will be populated with a fd which provides the
> + * handle to the allocated dma-buf
> + * @fd_flags: file descriptor flags used when allocating
> + * @heap_flags: flags passed to heap
> + *
> + * Provided by userspace as an argument to the ioctl
> + */
> +struct dma_heap_allocation_data {
> + __u64 len;
> + __u32 fd;
> + __u32 fd_flags;
> + __u64 heap_flags;
> +};
> +
> +#define DMA_HEAP_IOC_MAGIC 'H'
> +
> +/**
> + * DOC: DMA_HEAP_IOC_ALLOC - allocate memory from pool
> + *
> + * Takes a dma_heap_allocation_data struct and returns it with the fd field
> + * populated with the dmabuf handle of the allocation.
> + */
> +#define DMA_HEAP_IOC_ALLOC _IOWR(DMA_HEAP_IOC_MAGIC, 0x0,\
> + struct dma_heap_allocation_data)
> +


<subsytem>_IOC_

Seems more common for the internal numberings and such, what the user
calls is more often (espesially in DRM and DMA_BUF):

<subsytem>_IOCTL_<function>

This is really just another naming nit but becouse this one really *is*
ABI then getting our prefrence right is a must, up to you here.

Andrew


> +#endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_DMABUF_POOL_H */
>

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