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SubjectRe: [PATCH v16 11/25] mm: pagewalk: Add p4d_entry() and pgd_entry()
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On 12/12/2019 14:04, Thomas Hellström (VMware) wrote:
> On 12/12/19 2:15 PM, Steven Price wrote:
>> On 12/12/2019 11:33, Thomas Hellström (VMware) wrote:
>>> On 12/12/19 12:23 PM, Thomas Hellström (VMware) wrote:
>>>> On 12/6/19 2:53 PM, Steven Price wrote:
>>>>> pgd_entry() and pud_entry() were removed by commit 0b1fbfe50006c410
>>>>> ("mm/pagewalk: remove pgd_entry() and pud_entry()") because there were
>>>>> no users. We're about to add users so reintroduce them, along with
>>>>> p4d_entry() as we now have 5 levels of tables.
>>>>>
>>>>> Note that commit a00cc7d9dd93d66a ("mm, x86: add support for
>>>>> PUD-sized transparent hugepages") already re-added pud_entry() but with
>>>>> different semantics to the other callbacks. Since there have never
>>>>> been upstream users of this, revert the semantics back to match the
>>>>> other callbacks. This means pud_entry() is called for all entries, not
>>>>> just transparent huge pages.
>>
>> When I wrote that there were no upstream users, which sadly shows how
>> long ago that was :(
>>
>>>> Actually, there are two users of pud_entry(), in hmm.c and since 5.5rc1 also mapping_dirty_helpers.c. The latter one is unproblematic and requires no attention but the one in hmm.c is probably largely untested, and seems to assume it was called outside of the spinlock.
>>>>
>>>> The problem with the current patch is that the hmm pud_entry will traverse also pmds, so that will be done twice now.
>>>>
>>>> In another thread we were discussing a means of rerunning the level (in case of a race), or continuing after a level, based on the return value after the callback. The change was fairly invasive,
>>>>
>>> Hmm. Forgot to remove the above text that appears twice. :(. The correct one is inline below.
>>>
>>>>
>>>>> Tested-by: Zong Li <zong.li@sifive.com>
>>>>> Signed-off-by: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com>
>>>>> ---
>>>>>   include/linux/pagewalk.h | 19 +++++++++++++------
>>>>>   mm/pagewalk.c            | 27 ++++++++++++++++-----------
>>>>>   2 files changed, 29 insertions(+), 17 deletions(-)
>>>>>
>>>>> diff --git a/include/linux/pagewalk.h b/include/linux/pagewalk.h
>>>>> index 6ec82e92c87f..06790f23957f 100644
>>>>> --- a/include/linux/pagewalk.h
>>>>> +++ b/include/linux/pagewalk.h
>>>>> @@ -8,15 +8,15 @@ struct mm_walk;
>>>>>     /**
>>>>>    * mm_walk_ops - callbacks for walk_page_range
>>>>> - * @pud_entry:        if set, called for each non-empty PUD (2nd-level) entry
>>>>> - *            this handler should only handle pud_trans_huge() puds.
>>>>> - *            the pmd_entry or pte_entry callbacks will be used for
>>>>> - *            regular PUDs.
>>>>> - * @pmd_entry:        if set, called for each non-empty PMD (3rd-level) entry
>>>>> + * @pgd_entry:        if set, called for each non-empty PGD (top-level) entry
>>>>> + * @p4d_entry:        if set, called for each non-empty P4D entry
>>>>> + * @pud_entry:        if set, called for each non-empty PUD entry
>>>>> + * @pmd_entry:        if set, called for each non-empty PMD entry
>>>>>    *            this handler is required to be able to handle
>>>>>    *            pmd_trans_huge() pmds.  They may simply choose to
>>>>>    *            split_huge_page() instead of handling it explicitly.
>>>>> - * @pte_entry:        if set, called for each non-empty PTE (4th-level) entry
>>>>> + * @pte_entry:        if set, called for each non-empty PTE (lowest-level)
>>>>> + *            entry
>>>>>    * @pte_hole:        if set, called for each hole at all levels
>>>>>    * @hugetlb_entry:    if set, called for each hugetlb entry
>>>>>    * @test_walk:        caller specific callback function to determine whether
>>>>> @@ -27,8 +27,15 @@ struct mm_walk;
>>>>>    * @pre_vma:            if set, called before starting walk on a non-null vma.
>>>>>    * @post_vma:           if set, called after a walk on a non-null vma, provided
>>>>>    *                      that @pre_vma and the vma walk succeeded.
>>>>> + *
>>>>> + * p?d_entry callbacks are called even if those levels are folded on a
>>>>> + * particular architecture/configuration.
>>>>>    */
>>>>>   struct mm_walk_ops {
>>>>> +    int (*pgd_entry)(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr,
>>>>> +             unsigned long next, struct mm_walk *walk);
>>>>> +    int (*p4d_entry)(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr,
>>>>> +             unsigned long next, struct mm_walk *walk);
>>>>>       int (*pud_entry)(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr,
>>>>>                unsigned long next, struct mm_walk *walk);
>>>>>       int (*pmd_entry)(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr,
>>>>> diff --git a/mm/pagewalk.c b/mm/pagewalk.c
>>>>> index ea0b9e606ad1..c089786e7a7f 100644
>>>>> --- a/mm/pagewalk.c
>>>>> +++ b/mm/pagewalk.c
>>>>> @@ -94,15 +94,9 @@ static int walk_pud_range(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
>>>>>           }
>>>>>             if (ops->pud_entry) {
>>>>> -            spinlock_t *ptl = pud_trans_huge_lock(pud, walk->vma);
>>>>> -
>>>>> -            if (ptl) {
>>>>> -                err = ops->pud_entry(pud, addr, next, walk);
>>>>> -                spin_unlock(ptl);
>>>>> -                if (err)
>>>>> -                    break;
>>>>> -                continue;
>>>>> -            }
>>>>> +            err = ops->pud_entry(pud, addr, next, walk);
>>>>> +            if (err)
>>>>> +                break;
>>>>
>>>> Actually, there are two current users of pud_entry(), in hmm.c and since 5.5rc1 also mapping_dirty_helpers.c. The latter one is unproblematic and requires no attention but the one in hmm.c is probably largely untested, and seems to assume it was called outside of the spinlock.
>>
>> Thanks for pointing that out, I guess the simplest fix would be to
>> squash in something like the below which should restore the old
>> behaviour for hmm.c without affecting others.
>>
>> Steve
>
> I'm not fully sure that the old behaviour is the correct one, but definitely hmm's pud_entry needs some fixing.
> I'm more concerned with the pagewalk code. With your patch it actually splits all huge puds present in the page-table
> on each page walk which is not what we want.

Good catch - yes that's certainly not ideal.

> One idea would be to add a new member to struct_mm_walk:
>
> enum page_walk_ret_action {
>     ACTION_SUBTREE = 0,
>     ACTION_CONTINUE = 1,
>     ACTION_AGAIN = 2 /* Only for levels that thave p?d_unstable */
> };
>
> struct mm_walk {
>     ...
>     enum page_walk_ret_action action; /* or perhaps as an enum */
> };
>
>
> if (ops->pud_entry) {
>     walk->action = ACTION_SUBTREE;
>     ...
>     ...
>     ...
>     if (walk->action == ACTION_AGAIN)  /* Callback tried to split huge entry, but failed */
>         goto again;
>     else if (walk->action == ACTION_CONTINUE) /* Done with this subtree. Probably huge entry handled. */
>         continue;
>     /* ACTION_SUBTREE falls through */
> }

I'll have a go at implementing the above - this might also allow removing the test_p?d() callbacks as they can simply return ACTION_CONTINUE.

Steve

> we discussed something similar before on linux-mm, but the idea then was to redefine
> the positive return value of the callback to the action, but that meant changing those existing callbacks that relied on
> a positive return value. The above would be helpful also for pmd_entry.
>
> /Thomas
>
>
>
>
>
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