[lkml]   [2019]   [Dec]   [12]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
Messages in this thread
SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 6/7] docs: gpio: Add GPIO Aggregator/Repeater documentation
Hi Linus,

On Thu, Dec 12, 2019 at 3:42 PM Linus Walleij <> wrote:
> On Wed, Nov 27, 2019 at 9:43 AM Geert Uytterhoeven
> <> wrote:
> > +The GPIO Aggregator allows access control for individual GPIOs, by aggregating
> > +them into a new gpio_chip, which can be assigned to a group or user using
> > +standard UNIX file ownership and permissions. Furthermore, this simplifies and
> > +hardens exporting GPIOs to a virtual machine, as the VM can just grab the full
> > +GPIO controller, and no longer needs to care about which GPIOs to grab and
> > +which not, reducing the attack surface.
> > +
> > +Aggregated GPIO controllers are instantiated and destroyed by writing to
> > +write-only attribute files in sysfs.
> I suppose virtual machines will have a lengthy config file where
> they specify which GPIO lines to pick and use for their GPIO
> aggregator, and that will all be fine, the VM starts and the aggregator
> is there and we can start executing.
> I would perhaps point out a weakness as with all sysfs and with the current
> gpio sysfs: if a process creates an aggregator device, and then that
> process crashes, what happens when you try to restart the process and
> run e.g. your VM again?
> Time for a hard reboot? Or should we add some design guidelines for
> these machines so that they can cleanly tear down aggregators
> previously created by the crashed VM?

No, the VM does not create the aggregator.

The idea is for the user to create one or more aggregators, set up
permissions on /dev/gpiochipX, and launch the VM, passing the aggregated
/dev/gpiochipX as parameters.
If the VM crashes, just launch it again.

Destroying the aggregators is a manual and independent process, after
the VM has exited.



Geert Uytterhoeven -- There's lots of Linux beyond ia32 --

In personal conversations with technical people, I call myself a hacker. But
when I'm talking to journalists I just say "programmer" or something like that.
-- Linus Torvalds

 \ /
  Last update: 2019-12-12 15:49    [W:0.128 / U:29.112 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site