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SubjectRe: [PATCH v16 11/25] mm: pagewalk: Add p4d_entry() and pgd_entry()
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On 12/12/2019 11:33, Thomas Hellström (VMware) wrote:
> On 12/12/19 12:23 PM, Thomas Hellström (VMware) wrote:
>> On 12/6/19 2:53 PM, Steven Price wrote:
>>> pgd_entry() and pud_entry() were removed by commit 0b1fbfe50006c410
>>> ("mm/pagewalk: remove pgd_entry() and pud_entry()") because there were
>>> no users. We're about to add users so reintroduce them, along with
>>> p4d_entry() as we now have 5 levels of tables.
>>>
>>> Note that commit a00cc7d9dd93d66a ("mm, x86: add support for
>>> PUD-sized transparent hugepages") already re-added pud_entry() but with
>>> different semantics to the other callbacks. Since there have never
>>> been upstream users of this, revert the semantics back to match the
>>> other callbacks. This means pud_entry() is called for all entries, not
>>> just transparent huge pages.

When I wrote that there were no upstream users, which sadly shows how
long ago that was :(

>> Actually, there are two users of pud_entry(), in hmm.c and since
>> 5.5rc1 also mapping_dirty_helpers.c. The latter one is unproblematic
>> and requires no attention but the one in hmm.c is probably largely
>> untested, and seems to assume it was called outside of the spinlock.
>>
>> The problem with the current patch is that the hmm pud_entry will
>> traverse also pmds, so that will be done twice now.
>>
>> In another thread we were discussing a means of rerunning the level
>> (in case of a race), or continuing after a level, based on the return
>> value after the callback. The change was fairly invasive,
>>
> Hmm. Forgot to remove the above text that appears twice. :(. The correct
> one is inline below.
>
>>
>>> Tested-by: Zong Li <zong.li@sifive.com>
>>> Signed-off-by: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com>
>>> ---
>>>   include/linux/pagewalk.h | 19 +++++++++++++------
>>>   mm/pagewalk.c            | 27 ++++++++++++++++-----------
>>>   2 files changed, 29 insertions(+), 17 deletions(-)
>>>
>>> diff --git a/include/linux/pagewalk.h b/include/linux/pagewalk.h
>>> index 6ec82e92c87f..06790f23957f 100644
>>> --- a/include/linux/pagewalk.h
>>> +++ b/include/linux/pagewalk.h
>>> @@ -8,15 +8,15 @@ struct mm_walk;
>>>     /**
>>>    * mm_walk_ops - callbacks for walk_page_range
>>> - * @pud_entry:        if set, called for each non-empty PUD
>>> (2nd-level) entry
>>> - *            this handler should only handle pud_trans_huge() puds.
>>> - *            the pmd_entry or pte_entry callbacks will be used for
>>> - *            regular PUDs.
>>> - * @pmd_entry:        if set, called for each non-empty PMD
>>> (3rd-level) entry
>>> + * @pgd_entry:        if set, called for each non-empty PGD
>>> (top-level) entry
>>> + * @p4d_entry:        if set, called for each non-empty P4D entry
>>> + * @pud_entry:        if set, called for each non-empty PUD entry
>>> + * @pmd_entry:        if set, called for each non-empty PMD entry
>>>    *            this handler is required to be able to handle
>>>    *            pmd_trans_huge() pmds.  They may simply choose to
>>>    *            split_huge_page() instead of handling it explicitly.
>>> - * @pte_entry:        if set, called for each non-empty PTE
>>> (4th-level) entry
>>> + * @pte_entry:        if set, called for each non-empty PTE
>>> (lowest-level)
>>> + *            entry
>>>    * @pte_hole:        if set, called for each hole at all levels
>>>    * @hugetlb_entry:    if set, called for each hugetlb entry
>>>    * @test_walk:        caller specific callback function to
>>> determine whether
>>> @@ -27,8 +27,15 @@ struct mm_walk;
>>>    * @pre_vma:            if set, called before starting walk on a
>>> non-null vma.
>>>    * @post_vma:           if set, called after a walk on a non-null
>>> vma, provided
>>>    *                      that @pre_vma and the vma walk succeeded.
>>> + *
>>> + * p?d_entry callbacks are called even if those levels are folded on a
>>> + * particular architecture/configuration.
>>>    */
>>>   struct mm_walk_ops {
>>> +    int (*pgd_entry)(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr,
>>> +             unsigned long next, struct mm_walk *walk);
>>> +    int (*p4d_entry)(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr,
>>> +             unsigned long next, struct mm_walk *walk);
>>>       int (*pud_entry)(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr,
>>>                unsigned long next, struct mm_walk *walk);
>>>       int (*pmd_entry)(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr,
>>> diff --git a/mm/pagewalk.c b/mm/pagewalk.c
>>> index ea0b9e606ad1..c089786e7a7f 100644
>>> --- a/mm/pagewalk.c
>>> +++ b/mm/pagewalk.c
>>> @@ -94,15 +94,9 @@ static int walk_pud_range(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned
>>> long addr, unsigned long end,
>>>           }
>>>             if (ops->pud_entry) {
>>> -            spinlock_t *ptl = pud_trans_huge_lock(pud, walk->vma);
>>> -
>>> -            if (ptl) {
>>> -                err = ops->pud_entry(pud, addr, next, walk);
>>> -                spin_unlock(ptl);
>>> -                if (err)
>>> -                    break;
>>> -                continue;
>>> -            }
>>> +            err = ops->pud_entry(pud, addr, next, walk);
>>> +            if (err)
>>> +                break;
>>
>> Actually, there are two current users of pud_entry(), in hmm.c and
>> since 5.5rc1 also mapping_dirty_helpers.c. The latter one is
>> unproblematic and requires no attention but the one in hmm.c is
>> probably largely untested, and seems to assume it was called outside
>> of the spinlock.

Thanks for pointing that out, I guess the simplest fix would be to
squash in something like the below which should restore the old
behaviour for hmm.c without affecting others.

Steve

---8<----
diff --git a/mm/hmm.c b/mm/hmm.c
index d379cb6496ae..744b6644d0e4 100644
--- a/mm/hmm.c
+++ b/mm/hmm.c
@@ -478,19 +478,26 @@ static int hmm_vma_walk_pud(pud_t *pudp, unsigned long start, unsigned long end,
pmd_t *pmdp;
pud_t pud;
int ret;
+ spinlock_t *ptl = pud_trans_huge_lock(pudp, walk->vma);
+ if (!ptl)
+ return 0;

again:
pud = READ_ONCE(*pudp);
- if (pud_none(pud))
- return hmm_vma_walk_hole(start, end, walk);
+ if (pud_none(pud)) {
+ ret = hmm_vma_walk_hole(start, end, walk);
+ goto out_unlock;
+ }

if (pud_huge(pud) && pud_devmap(pud)) {
unsigned long i, npages, pfn;
uint64_t *pfns, cpu_flags;
bool fault, write_fault;

- if (!pud_present(pud))
- return hmm_vma_walk_hole(start, end, walk);
+ if (!pud_present(pud)) {
+ ret = hmm_vma_walk_hole(start, end, walk);
+ goto out_unlock;
+ }

i = (addr - range->start) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
npages = (end - addr) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
@@ -499,16 +506,20 @@ static int hmm_vma_walk_pud(pud_t *pudp, unsigned long start, unsigned long end,
cpu_flags = pud_to_hmm_pfn_flags(range, pud);
hmm_range_need_fault(hmm_vma_walk, pfns, npages,
cpu_flags, &fault, &write_fault);
- if (fault || write_fault)
- return hmm_vma_walk_hole_(addr, end, fault,
- write_fault, walk);
+ if (fault || write_fault) {
+ ret = hmm_vma_walk_hole_(addr, end, fault,
+ write_fault, walk);
+ goto out_unlock;
+ }

pfn = pud_pfn(pud) + ((addr & ~PUD_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
for (i = 0; i < npages; ++i, ++pfn) {
hmm_vma_walk->pgmap = get_dev_pagemap(pfn,
hmm_vma_walk->pgmap);
- if (unlikely(!hmm_vma_walk->pgmap))
- return -EBUSY;
+ if (unlikely(!hmm_vma_walk->pgmap)) {
+ ret = -EBUSY;
+ goto out_unlock;
+ }
pfns[i] = hmm_device_entry_from_pfn(range, pfn) |
cpu_flags;
}
@@ -517,7 +528,8 @@ static int hmm_vma_walk_pud(pud_t *pudp, unsigned long start, unsigned long end,
hmm_vma_walk->pgmap = NULL;
}
hmm_vma_walk->last = end;
- return 0;
+ ret = 0;
+ goto out_unlock;
}

split_huge_pud(walk->vma, pudp, addr);
@@ -529,10 +541,14 @@ static int hmm_vma_walk_pud(pud_t *pudp, unsigned long start, unsigned long end,
next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end);
ret = hmm_vma_walk_pmd(pmdp, addr, next, walk);
if (ret)
- return ret;
+ goto out_unlock;
} while (pmdp++, addr = next, addr != end);

- return 0;
+ ret = 0;
+
+out_unlock:
+ spin_unlock(ptl);
+ return ret;
}
#else
#define hmm_vma_walk_pud NULL
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