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SubjectRe: [PATCH v16 11/25] mm: pagewalk: Add p4d_entry() and pgd_entry()
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On 12/6/19 2:53 PM, Steven Price wrote:
> pgd_entry() and pud_entry() were removed by commit 0b1fbfe50006c410
> ("mm/pagewalk: remove pgd_entry() and pud_entry()") because there were
> no users. We're about to add users so reintroduce them, along with
> p4d_entry() as we now have 5 levels of tables.
>
> Note that commit a00cc7d9dd93d66a ("mm, x86: add support for
> PUD-sized transparent hugepages") already re-added pud_entry() but with
> different semantics to the other callbacks. Since there have never
> been upstream users of this, revert the semantics back to match the
> other callbacks. This means pud_entry() is called for all entries, not
> just transparent huge pages.

Actually, there are two users of pud_entry(), in hmm.c and since 5.5rc1
also mapping_dirty_helpers.c. The latter one is unproblematic and
requires no attention but the one in hmm.c is probably largely untested,
and seems to assume it was called outside of the spinlock.

The problem with the current patch is that the hmm pud_entry will
traverse also pmds, so that will be done twice now.

In another thread we were discussing a means of rerunning the level (in
case of a race), or continuing after a level, based on the return value
after the callback. The change was fairly invasive,


> Tested-by: Zong Li <zong.li@sifive.com>
> Signed-off-by: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com>
> ---
> include/linux/pagewalk.h | 19 +++++++++++++------
> mm/pagewalk.c | 27 ++++++++++++++++-----------
> 2 files changed, 29 insertions(+), 17 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/pagewalk.h b/include/linux/pagewalk.h
> index 6ec82e92c87f..06790f23957f 100644
> --- a/include/linux/pagewalk.h
> +++ b/include/linux/pagewalk.h
> @@ -8,15 +8,15 @@ struct mm_walk;
>
> /**
> * mm_walk_ops - callbacks for walk_page_range
> - * @pud_entry: if set, called for each non-empty PUD (2nd-level) entry
> - * this handler should only handle pud_trans_huge() puds.
> - * the pmd_entry or pte_entry callbacks will be used for
> - * regular PUDs.
> - * @pmd_entry: if set, called for each non-empty PMD (3rd-level) entry
> + * @pgd_entry: if set, called for each non-empty PGD (top-level) entry
> + * @p4d_entry: if set, called for each non-empty P4D entry
> + * @pud_entry: if set, called for each non-empty PUD entry
> + * @pmd_entry: if set, called for each non-empty PMD entry
> * this handler is required to be able to handle
> * pmd_trans_huge() pmds. They may simply choose to
> * split_huge_page() instead of handling it explicitly.
> - * @pte_entry: if set, called for each non-empty PTE (4th-level) entry
> + * @pte_entry: if set, called for each non-empty PTE (lowest-level)
> + * entry
> * @pte_hole: if set, called for each hole at all levels
> * @hugetlb_entry: if set, called for each hugetlb entry
> * @test_walk: caller specific callback function to determine whether
> @@ -27,8 +27,15 @@ struct mm_walk;
> * @pre_vma: if set, called before starting walk on a non-null vma.
> * @post_vma: if set, called after a walk on a non-null vma, provided
> * that @pre_vma and the vma walk succeeded.
> + *
> + * p?d_entry callbacks are called even if those levels are folded on a
> + * particular architecture/configuration.
> */
> struct mm_walk_ops {
> + int (*pgd_entry)(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr,
> + unsigned long next, struct mm_walk *walk);
> + int (*p4d_entry)(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr,
> + unsigned long next, struct mm_walk *walk);
> int (*pud_entry)(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr,
> unsigned long next, struct mm_walk *walk);
> int (*pmd_entry)(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr,
> diff --git a/mm/pagewalk.c b/mm/pagewalk.c
> index ea0b9e606ad1..c089786e7a7f 100644
> --- a/mm/pagewalk.c
> +++ b/mm/pagewalk.c
> @@ -94,15 +94,9 @@ static int walk_pud_range(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
> }
>
> if (ops->pud_entry) {
> - spinlock_t *ptl = pud_trans_huge_lock(pud, walk->vma);
> -
> - if (ptl) {
> - err = ops->pud_entry(pud, addr, next, walk);
> - spin_unlock(ptl);
> - if (err)
> - break;
> - continue;
> - }
> + err = ops->pud_entry(pud, addr, next, walk);
> + if (err)
> + break;

Actually, there are two current users of pud_entry(), in hmm.c and since
5.5rc1 also mapping_dirty_helpers.c. The latter one is unproblematic and
requires no attention but the one in hmm.c is probably largely untested,
and seems to assume it was called outside of the spinlock.

The problem with the current patch is that the hmm pud_entry will
traverse also pmds, so that will now be done twice.

/Thomas

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