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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 1/3] KVM: x86: assign two bits to track SPTE kinds
On Wed, Dec 11, 2019 at 10:39:22AM -0800, Ben Gardon wrote:
> Has anyone tested this patch on a long-running machine? It looks like
> the SPTE_MMIO_MASK overlaps with the bits used to track MMIO
> generation number, which makes me think that on a long running VM, a
> high enough generation number would overwrite the SPTE_SPECIAL_MASK
> region and cause the MMIO SPTE to be misinterpreted. It seems like
> setting bits 52 and 53 would also cause an incorrect generation number
> to be read from the PTE.

Hmm, the MMIO SPTE won't be misintrepreted as MMIO SPTEs will always have
bits 53:52=11b, i.e. bits 10:9 of the generation number effectively get
ignored. It does mean that check_mmio_spte() could theoretically consume
stale MMIO entries due those bits being ignored, but only if a SPTE lived
across 512 memslot updates, which is impossible given that KVM currently
zaps all SPTEs on a memslot update (fast zapping can let a stale SPTE live
for while the memslot update is in progress, but not longer than that).

There is/was the pass-through issue that cropped up when I tried to stop
zapping all SPTEs on a memslot update, but I doubt this would explain that
problem.

Assuming we haven't missed something, the easiest fix would be to reduce
the MMIO generation by one bit and use bits 62:54 for the MMIO generation.

> On Fri, Sep 27, 2019 at 4:16 AM Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com> wrote:
> >
> > Currently, we are overloading SPTE_SPECIAL_MASK to mean both
> > "A/D bits unavailable" and MMIO, where the difference between the
> > two is determined by mio_mask and mmio_value.
> >
> > However, the next patch will need two bits to distinguish
> > availability of A/D bits from write protection. So, while at
> > it give MMIO its own bit pattern, and move the two bits from
> > bit 62 to bits 52..53 since Intel is allocating EPT page table
> > bits from the top.
> >
> > Reviewed-by: Junaid Shahid <junaids@google.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
> > ---
> > arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h | 7 -------
> > arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c | 28 ++++++++++++++++++----------
> > 2 files changed, 18 insertions(+), 17 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> > index 23edf56cf577..50eb430b0ad8 100644
> > --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> > +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> > @@ -219,13 +219,6 @@ enum {
> > PFERR_WRITE_MASK | \
> > PFERR_PRESENT_MASK)
> >
> > -/*
> > - * The mask used to denote special SPTEs, which can be either MMIO SPTEs or
> > - * Access Tracking SPTEs. We use bit 62 instead of bit 63 to avoid conflicting
> > - * with the SVE bit in EPT PTEs.
> > - */
> > -#define SPTE_SPECIAL_MASK (1ULL << 62)
> > -
> > /* apic attention bits */
> > #define KVM_APIC_CHECK_VAPIC 0
> > /*
> > diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c
> > index 5269aa057dfa..bac8d228d82b 100644
> > --- a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c
> > +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c
> > @@ -83,7 +83,16 @@ enum {
> > #define PTE_PREFETCH_NUM 8
> >
> > #define PT_FIRST_AVAIL_BITS_SHIFT 10
> > -#define PT64_SECOND_AVAIL_BITS_SHIFT 52
> > +#define PT64_SECOND_AVAIL_BITS_SHIFT 54
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * The mask used to denote special SPTEs, which can be either MMIO SPTEs or
> > + * Access Tracking SPTEs.
> > + */
> > +#define SPTE_SPECIAL_MASK (3ULL << 52)
> > +#define SPTE_AD_ENABLED_MASK (0ULL << 52)
> > +#define SPTE_AD_DISABLED_MASK (1ULL << 52)
> > +#define SPTE_MMIO_MASK (3ULL << 52)

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