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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 1/3] KVM: x86: assign two bits to track SPTE kinds
Has anyone tested this patch on a long-running machine? It looks like
the SPTE_MMIO_MASK overlaps with the bits used to track MMIO
generation number, which makes me think that on a long running VM, a
high enough generation number would overwrite the SPTE_SPECIAL_MASK
region and cause the MMIO SPTE to be misinterpreted. It seems like
setting bits 52 and 53 would also cause an incorrect generation number
to be read from the PTE.


On Fri, Sep 27, 2019 at 4:16 AM Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com> wrote:
>
> Currently, we are overloading SPTE_SPECIAL_MASK to mean both
> "A/D bits unavailable" and MMIO, where the difference between the
> two is determined by mio_mask and mmio_value.
>
> However, the next patch will need two bits to distinguish
> availability of A/D bits from write protection. So, while at
> it give MMIO its own bit pattern, and move the two bits from
> bit 62 to bits 52..53 since Intel is allocating EPT page table
> bits from the top.
>
> Reviewed-by: Junaid Shahid <junaids@google.com>
> Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
> ---
> arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h | 7 -------
> arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c | 28 ++++++++++++++++++----------
> 2 files changed, 18 insertions(+), 17 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> index 23edf56cf577..50eb430b0ad8 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> @@ -219,13 +219,6 @@ enum {
> PFERR_WRITE_MASK | \
> PFERR_PRESENT_MASK)
>
> -/*
> - * The mask used to denote special SPTEs, which can be either MMIO SPTEs or
> - * Access Tracking SPTEs. We use bit 62 instead of bit 63 to avoid conflicting
> - * with the SVE bit in EPT PTEs.
> - */
> -#define SPTE_SPECIAL_MASK (1ULL << 62)
> -
> /* apic attention bits */
> #define KVM_APIC_CHECK_VAPIC 0
> /*
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c
> index 5269aa057dfa..bac8d228d82b 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c
> @@ -83,7 +83,16 @@ enum {
> #define PTE_PREFETCH_NUM 8
>
> #define PT_FIRST_AVAIL_BITS_SHIFT 10
> -#define PT64_SECOND_AVAIL_BITS_SHIFT 52
> +#define PT64_SECOND_AVAIL_BITS_SHIFT 54
> +
> +/*
> + * The mask used to denote special SPTEs, which can be either MMIO SPTEs or
> + * Access Tracking SPTEs.
> + */
> +#define SPTE_SPECIAL_MASK (3ULL << 52)
> +#define SPTE_AD_ENABLED_MASK (0ULL << 52)
> +#define SPTE_AD_DISABLED_MASK (1ULL << 52)
> +#define SPTE_MMIO_MASK (3ULL << 52)
>
> #define PT64_LEVEL_BITS 9
>
> @@ -219,12 +228,11 @@ struct kvm_shadow_walk_iterator {
> static u64 __read_mostly shadow_me_mask;
>
> /*
> - * SPTEs used by MMUs without A/D bits are marked with shadow_acc_track_value.
> - * Non-present SPTEs with shadow_acc_track_value set are in place for access
> - * tracking.
> + * SPTEs used by MMUs without A/D bits are marked with SPTE_AD_DISABLED_MASK;
> + * shadow_acc_track_mask is the set of bits to be cleared in non-accessed
> + * pages.
> */
> static u64 __read_mostly shadow_acc_track_mask;
> -static const u64 shadow_acc_track_value = SPTE_SPECIAL_MASK;
>
> /*
> * The mask/shift to use for saving the original R/X bits when marking the PTE
> @@ -304,7 +312,7 @@ void kvm_mmu_set_mmio_spte_mask(u64 mmio_mask, u64 mmio_value, u64 access_mask)
> {
> BUG_ON((u64)(unsigned)access_mask != access_mask);
> BUG_ON((mmio_mask & mmio_value) != mmio_value);
> - shadow_mmio_value = mmio_value | SPTE_SPECIAL_MASK;
> + shadow_mmio_value = mmio_value | SPTE_MMIO_MASK;
> shadow_mmio_mask = mmio_mask | SPTE_SPECIAL_MASK;
> shadow_mmio_access_mask = access_mask;
> }
> @@ -323,7 +331,7 @@ static inline bool sp_ad_disabled(struct kvm_mmu_page *sp)
> static inline bool spte_ad_enabled(u64 spte)
> {
> MMU_WARN_ON(is_mmio_spte(spte));
> - return !(spte & shadow_acc_track_value);
> + return (spte & SPTE_SPECIAL_MASK) == SPTE_AD_ENABLED_MASK;
> }
>
> static inline u64 spte_shadow_accessed_mask(u64 spte)
> @@ -461,7 +469,7 @@ void kvm_mmu_set_mask_ptes(u64 user_mask, u64 accessed_mask,
> {
> BUG_ON(!dirty_mask != !accessed_mask);
> BUG_ON(!accessed_mask && !acc_track_mask);
> - BUG_ON(acc_track_mask & shadow_acc_track_value);
> + BUG_ON(acc_track_mask & SPTE_SPECIAL_MASK);
>
> shadow_user_mask = user_mask;
> shadow_accessed_mask = accessed_mask;
> @@ -2622,7 +2630,7 @@ static void link_shadow_page(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 *sptep,
> shadow_user_mask | shadow_x_mask | shadow_me_mask;
>
> if (sp_ad_disabled(sp))
> - spte |= shadow_acc_track_value;
> + spte |= SPTE_AD_DISABLED_MASK;
> else
> spte |= shadow_accessed_mask;
>
> @@ -2968,7 +2976,7 @@ static int set_spte(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 *sptep,
>
> sp = page_header(__pa(sptep));
> if (sp_ad_disabled(sp))
> - spte |= shadow_acc_track_value;
> + spte |= SPTE_AD_DISABLED_MASK;
>
> /*
> * For the EPT case, shadow_present_mask is 0 if hardware
> --
> 1.8.3.1
>
>

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