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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2] virtio-balloon: fix managed page counts when migrating pages between zones
On Tue, Dec 10, 2019 at 02:44:38PM +0100, David Hildenbrand wrote:
> On 05.12.19 10:24, David Hildenbrand wrote:
> > In case we have to migrate a ballon page to a newpage of another zone, the
> > managed page count of both zones is wrong. Paired with memory offlining
> > (which will adjust the managed page count), we can trigger kernel crashes
> > and all kinds of different symptoms.
> >
> > One way to reproduce:
> > 1. Start a QEMU guest with 4GB, no NUMA
> > 2. Hotplug a 1GB DIMM and only the memory to ZONE_NORMAL
>
> s/only/online/
>
> as requested by Igor.
>
> > 3. Inflate the balloon to 1GB
> > 4. Unplug the DIMM (be quick, otherwise unmovable data ends up on it)
> > 5. Observe /proc/zoneinfo
> > Node 0, zone Normal
> > pages free 16810
> > min 24848885473806
> > low 18471592959183339
> > high 36918337032892872
> > spanned 262144
> > present 262144
> > managed 18446744073709533486
> > 6. Do anything that requires some memory (e.g., inflate the balloon some
> > more). The OOM goes crazy and the system crashes
> > [ 238.324946] Out of memory: Killed process 537 (login) total-vm:27584kB, anon-rss:860kB, file-rss:0kB, shmem-rss:00
> > [ 238.338585] systemd invoked oom-killer: gfp_mask=0x100cca(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE), order=0, oom_score_adj=0
> > [ 238.339420] CPU: 0 PID: 1 Comm: systemd Tainted: G D W 5.4.0-next-20191204+ #75
> > [ 238.340139] Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS rel-1.12.0-59-gc9ba5276e321-prebuilt.qemu4
> > [ 238.341121] Call Trace:
> > [ 238.341337] dump_stack+0x8f/0xd0
> > [ 238.341630] dump_header+0x61/0x5ea
> > [ 238.341942] oom_kill_process.cold+0xb/0x10
> > [ 238.342299] out_of_memory+0x24d/0x5a0
> > [ 238.342625] __alloc_pages_slowpath+0xd12/0x1020
> > [ 238.343024] __alloc_pages_nodemask+0x391/0x410
> > [ 238.343407] pagecache_get_page+0xc3/0x3a0
> > [ 238.343757] filemap_fault+0x804/0xc30
> > [ 238.344083] ? ext4_filemap_fault+0x28/0x42
> > [ 238.344444] ext4_filemap_fault+0x30/0x42
> > [ 238.344789] __do_fault+0x37/0x1a0
> > [ 238.345087] __handle_mm_fault+0x104d/0x1ab0
> > [ 238.345450] handle_mm_fault+0x169/0x360
> > [ 238.345790] do_user_addr_fault+0x20d/0x490
> > [ 238.346154] do_page_fault+0x31/0x210
> > [ 238.346468] async_page_fault+0x43/0x50
> > [ 238.346797] RIP: 0033:0x7f47eba4197e
> > [ 238.347110] Code: Bad RIP value.
> > [ 238.347387] RSP: 002b:00007ffd7c0c1890 EFLAGS: 00010293
> > [ 238.347834] RAX: 0000000000000002 RBX: 000055d196a20a20 RCX: 00007f47eba4197e
> > [ 238.348437] RDX: 0000000000000033 RSI: 00007ffd7c0c18c0 RDI: 0000000000000004
> > [ 238.349047] RBP: 00007ffd7c0c1c20 R08: 0000000000000000 R09: 0000000000000033
> > [ 238.349660] R10: 00000000ffffffff R11: 0000000000000293 R12: 0000000000000001
> > [ 238.350261] R13: ffffffffffffffff R14: 0000000000000000 R15: 00007ffd7c0c18c0
> > [ 238.350878] Mem-Info:
> > [ 238.351085] active_anon:3121 inactive_anon:51 isolated_anon:0
> > [ 238.351085] active_file:12 inactive_file:7 isolated_file:0
> > [ 238.351085] unevictable:0 dirty:0 writeback:0 unstable:0
> > [ 238.351085] slab_reclaimable:5565 slab_unreclaimable:10170
> > [ 238.351085] mapped:3 shmem:111 pagetables:155 bounce:0
> > [ 238.351085] free:720717 free_pcp:2 free_cma:0
> > [ 238.353757] Node 0 active_anon:12484kB inactive_anon:204kB active_file:48kB inactive_file:28kB unevictable:0kB iss
> > [ 238.355979] Node 0 DMA free:11556kB min:36kB low:48kB high:60kB reserved_highatomic:0KB active_anon:152kB inactivB
> > [ 238.358345] lowmem_reserve[]: 0 2955 2884 2884 2884
> > [ 238.358761] Node 0 DMA32 free:2677864kB min:7004kB low:10028kB high:13052kB reserved_highatomic:0KB active_anon:0B
> > [ 238.361202] lowmem_reserve[]: 0 0 72057594037927865 72057594037927865 72057594037927865
> > [ 238.361888] Node 0 Normal free:193448kB min:99395541895224kB low:73886371836733356kB high:147673348131571488kB reB
> > [ 238.364765] lowmem_reserve[]: 0 0 0 0 0
> > [ 238.365101] Node 0 DMA: 7*4kB (U) 5*8kB (UE) 6*16kB (UME) 2*32kB (UM) 1*64kB (U) 2*128kB (UE) 3*256kB (UME) 2*512B
> > [ 238.366379] Node 0 DMA32: 0*4kB 1*8kB (U) 2*16kB (UM) 2*32kB (UM) 2*64kB (UM) 1*128kB (U) 1*256kB (U) 1*512kB (U)B
> > [ 238.367654] Node 0 Normal: 1985*4kB (UME) 1321*8kB (UME) 844*16kB (UME) 524*32kB (UME) 300*64kB (UME) 138*128kB (B
> > [ 238.369184] Node 0 hugepages_total=0 hugepages_free=0 hugepages_surp=0 hugepages_size=2048kB
> > [ 238.369915] 130 total pagecache pages
> > [ 238.370241] 0 pages in swap cache
> > [ 238.370533] Swap cache stats: add 0, delete 0, find 0/0
> > [ 238.370981] Free swap = 0kB
> > [ 238.371239] Total swap = 0kB
> > [ 238.371488] 1048445 pages RAM
> > [ 238.371756] 0 pages HighMem/MovableOnly
> > [ 238.372090] 306992 pages reserved
> > [ 238.372376] 0 pages cma reserved
> > [ 238.372661] 0 pages hwpoisoned
> >
> > In another instance (older kernel), I was able to observe this
> > (negative page count :/):
> > [ 180.896971] Offlined Pages 32768
> > [ 182.667462] Offlined Pages 32768
> > [ 184.408117] Offlined Pages 32768
> > [ 186.026321] Offlined Pages 32768
> > [ 187.684861] Offlined Pages 32768
> > [ 189.227013] Offlined Pages 32768
> > [ 190.830303] Offlined Pages 32768
> > [ 190.833071] Built 1 zonelists, mobility grouping on. Total pages: -36920272750453009
> >
> > In another instance (older kernel), I was no longer able to start any
> > process:
> > [root@vm ~]# [ 214.348068] Offlined Pages 32768
> > [ 215.973009] Offlined Pages 32768
> > cat /proc/meminfo
> > -bash: fork: Cannot allocate memory
> > [root@vm ~]# cat /proc/meminfo
> > -bash: fork: Cannot allocate memory
> >
> > Fix it by properly adjusting the managed page count when migrating if
> > the zone changed. The managed page count of the zones now looks after
> > unplug of the DIMM (and after deflating the balloon) just like before
> > inflating the balloon (and plugging+onlining the DIMM).
> >
> > We'll temporarily modify the totalram page count. If this ever becomes a
> > problem, we can fine tune by providing helpers that don't touch
> > the totalram pages (e.g., adjust_zone_managed_page_count()).
> >
> > Reported-by: Yumei Huang <yuhuang@redhat.com>
> > Fixes: 3dcc0571cd64 ("mm: correctly update zone->managed_pages")
> > Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> # v3.11+
> > Cc: "Michael S. Tsirkin" <mst@redhat.com>
> > Cc: Jason Wang <jasowang@redhat.com>
> > Cc: Jiang Liu <liuj97@gmail.com>
> > Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
> > Cc: virtualization@lists.linux-foundation.org
> > Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
> > ---
> >
> > v1 -> v2:
> > - Adjust count before enquing newpage (and it possibly gets free form the
> > balloon)
> > - Check if the zone changed
> >
> > ---
> > drivers/virtio/virtio_balloon.c | 7 +++++++
> > 1 file changed, 7 insertions(+)
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/virtio/virtio_balloon.c b/drivers/virtio/virtio_balloon.c
> > index 15b7f1d8c334..3078e1ac2a8f 100644
> > --- a/drivers/virtio/virtio_balloon.c
> > +++ b/drivers/virtio/virtio_balloon.c
> > @@ -722,6 +722,13 @@ static int virtballoon_migratepage(struct balloon_dev_info *vb_dev_info,
> >
> > get_page(newpage); /* balloon reference */
> >
> > + /* fixup the managed page count (esp. of the zone) */
>
> /*
> * When we migrate to a different zone, we have to adjust the managed
> * page count of both involved zones.
> */
>
> as requested by Michael.
>
>
> @Michael, if there are no further comments, shall I resend?

Also, what does it have to do with deflate on oom?
Why is it true we don't need to do it then?

> --
> Thanks,
>
> David / dhildenb

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