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SubjectRe: [PATCH v8 3/7] KVM: VMX: Pass through CET related MSRs
On Tue, Dec 10, 2019 at 01:18:21PM -0800, Sean Christopherson wrote:
> On Fri, Nov 01, 2019 at 04:52:18PM +0800, Yang Weijiang wrote:
> > CET MSRs pass through Guest directly to enhance performance.
> > CET runtime control settings are stored in MSR_IA32_{U,S}_CET,
> > Shadow Stack Pointer(SSP) are stored in MSR_IA32_PL{0,1,2,3}_SSP,
> > SSP table base address is stored in MSR_IA32_INT_SSP_TAB,
> > these MSRs are defined in kernel and re-used here.
> >
> > diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c b/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c
> > index dd387a785c1e..4166c4fcad1e 100644
> > --- a/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c
> > +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c
> > @@ -371,13 +371,13 @@ static inline void do_cpuid_7_mask(struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 *entry, int index)
> > F(AVX512VBMI) | F(LA57) | F(PKU) | 0 /*OSPKE*/ |
> > F(AVX512_VPOPCNTDQ) | F(UMIP) | F(AVX512_VBMI2) | F(GFNI) |
> > F(VAES) | F(VPCLMULQDQ) | F(AVX512_VNNI) | F(AVX512_BITALG) |
> > - F(CLDEMOTE) | F(MOVDIRI) | F(MOVDIR64B);
> > + F(CLDEMOTE) | F(MOVDIRI) | F(MOVDIR64B) | F(SHSTK);
> >
> > /* cpuid 7.0.edx*/
> > const u32 kvm_cpuid_7_0_edx_x86_features =
> > F(AVX512_4VNNIW) | F(AVX512_4FMAPS) | F(SPEC_CTRL) |
> > F(SPEC_CTRL_SSBD) | F(ARCH_CAPABILITIES) | F(INTEL_STIBP) |
> > - F(MD_CLEAR);
> > + F(MD_CLEAR) | F(IBT);
>
> Advertising CET to userspace/guest needs to be done at the end of the
> series, or at least after CR4.CET is no longer reserved, e.g. KVM_SET_SREGS
> will fail and the guest will get a #GP when trying to set CR4.CET.
>
> I'm pretty sure I've said this at least twice in previous versions of
> this series...

Thanks Sean for picking these up!
The reason is, starting from this patch, I'm using guest_cpuid_has(CET)
to check the availability of guest CET CPUID, so logically I would like to let
the readers understand CET related CPUID word is
defined as above. But no problem, I can move these definitions to a
latter patch as the patchset only meaningful as a whole.
>
> >
> > /* cpuid 7.1.eax */
> > const u32 kvm_cpuid_7_1_eax_x86_features =
> > diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.h b/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.h
> > index d78a61408243..1d77b880084d 100644
> > --- a/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.h
> > +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.h
> > @@ -27,6 +27,8 @@ bool kvm_cpuid(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u32 *eax, u32 *ebx,
> >
> > +static void vmx_pass_cet_msrs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>
> "pass" isn't accurate, this function also does the opposite. Maybe
> vmx_update_intercept_for_cet_msr()? Or reuse the PT naming and go with
> cet_update_intercept_for_msr()?
>
Sure, will change it.

> > +{
> > + struct vcpu_vmx *vmx = to_vmx(vcpu);
> > + unsigned long *msr_bitmap = vmx->vmcs01.msr_bitmap;
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * U_CET is required for USER CET, per CET spec., meanwhile U_CET and
> > + * PL3_SPP are a bundle for USER CET xsaves.
> > + */
> > + if (guest_cet_allowed(vcpu, X86_FEATURE_SHSTK, XFEATURE_MASK_CET_USER) ||
> > + guest_cet_allowed(vcpu, X86_FEATURE_IBT, XFEATURE_MASK_CET_USER)) {
>
> IMO, the guest_cet_allowed() wrappers do more harm than good, e.g. I find
> this easier to understand because it doesn't require digging into a random
> helper.
>
> if ((kvm_supported_xss() & XFEATURE_MASK_CET_USER) &&
> (guest_cpuid_has(vcpu, X86_FEATURE_SHSTK) ||
> guest_cpuid_has(vcpu, X86_FEATURE_IBT)))
>
Hmm, sounds like it's an unnecessary wrapper, will remove it, thanks!

> > + vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(msr_bitmap, MSR_IA32_U_CET, MSR_TYPE_RW);
> > + vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(msr_bitmap, MSR_IA32_PL3_SSP, MSR_TYPE_RW);
> > + } else {
> > + vmx_set_intercept_for_msr(msr_bitmap, MSR_IA32_U_CET, MSR_TYPE_RW, true);
> > + vmx_set_intercept_for_msr(msr_bitmap, MSR_IA32_PL3_SSP, MSR_TYPE_RW, true);
> > + }
> > + /*
> > + * S_CET is required for KERNEL CET, meanwhile PL0_SSP ... PL2_SSP are a bundle
> > + * for CET KERNEL xsaves.
> > + */
> > + if (guest_cet_allowed(vcpu, X86_FEATURE_SHSTK, XFEATURE_MASK_CET_KERNEL) ||
> > + guest_cet_allowed(vcpu, X86_FEATURE_IBT, XFEATURE_MASK_CET_KERNEL)) {
> > + vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(msr_bitmap, MSR_IA32_S_CET, MSR_TYPE_RW);
> > + vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(msr_bitmap, MSR_IA32_PL0_SSP, MSR_TYPE_RW);
> > + vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(msr_bitmap, MSR_IA32_PL1_SSP, MSR_TYPE_RW);
> > + vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(msr_bitmap, MSR_IA32_PL2_SSP, MSR_TYPE_RW);
> > +
> > + /* SSP_TAB only available for KERNEL SHSTK.*/
> > + if (guest_cpuid_has(vcpu, X86_FEATURE_SHSTK))
> > + vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(msr_bitmap, MSR_IA32_INT_SSP_TAB,
> > + MSR_TYPE_RW);
> > + else
> > + vmx_set_intercept_for_msr(msr_bitmap, MSR_IA32_INT_SSP_TAB,
> > + MSR_TYPE_RW, true);
> > + } else {
> > + vmx_set_intercept_for_msr(msr_bitmap, MSR_IA32_S_CET, MSR_TYPE_RW, true);
> > + vmx_set_intercept_for_msr(msr_bitmap, MSR_IA32_PL0_SSP, MSR_TYPE_RW, true);
> > + vmx_set_intercept_for_msr(msr_bitmap, MSR_IA32_PL1_SSP, MSR_TYPE_RW, true);
> > + vmx_set_intercept_for_msr(msr_bitmap, MSR_IA32_PL2_SSP, MSR_TYPE_RW, true);
> > + vmx_set_intercept_for_msr(msr_bitmap, MSR_IA32_INT_SSP_TAB, MSR_TYPE_RW, true);
> > + }
> > +}
> > +
> > static void vmx_cpuid_update(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> > {
> > struct vcpu_vmx *vmx = to_vmx(vcpu);
> > @@ -7025,6 +7087,9 @@ static void vmx_cpuid_update(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> > if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_INTEL_PT) &&
> > guest_cpuid_has(vcpu, X86_FEATURE_INTEL_PT))
> > update_intel_pt_cfg(vcpu);
> > +
> > + if (!is_guest_mode(vcpu))
> > + vmx_pass_cet_msrs(vcpu);
>
> Hmm, this looks insufficent, e.g. deliberately toggling CET from on->off
> while in guest mode would put KVM in a weird state as the msr bitmap for
> L1 would still allow L1 to access the CET MSRs.
Not sure I understand correctly, guest_cpu_has(CET) implies the check of
host CET status, if CET is off in host, CET MSRs won't exposed to L1
guest.
>
> Allowing KVM_SET_CPUID{2} while running a nested guest seems bogus, can we
> kill that path entirely with -EINVAL?
>
Do you mean prevent L1 using KVM_SET_CPUID{2} to expose CET feature bits to
L2?

> > }
> >
> > static void vmx_set_supported_cpuid(u32 func, struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 *entry)
> > --
> > 2.17.2
> >

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