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SubjectRe: [PATCH v5 01/16] dt-bindings: regulator: Document ROHM BD71282 regulator bindings
Hello Again Mark,

Sorry for long delay - I am really having too many things on my table
right now :/

On Tue, 2019-11-19 at 19:36 +0000, Mark Brown wrote:
> On Tue, Nov 19, 2019 at 06:51:37PM +0000, Vaittinen, Matti wrote:
> > On Tue, 2019-11-19 at 18:13 +0000, Mark Brown wrote:
> > > Ah, OK. I didn't even notice that patch when I scanned the
> > > series.
> > > I'll look out for this next time around but that sounds like it's
> > > generally going in the right direction, especially if it's
> > > integrated
> > > with the suspend mode regulator bindings that Chunyan did.
> > Probably it is not as I am not familiar with Chunyan's work. I'll
> > try
> > looking what has been done on that front :) And I am pretty sure
> > you
> > might not be happy with that patch - but perhaps you can give me a
> > nudge to better direction...
> The driver interface was added in "regulator: add PM suspend and
> resume
> hooks".

I looked through the set but didn't spot any new interface towards the
regulator driver (which accesses the HW). I saw interface towards
regulator consumer driver which can be used to set the constrains

Specifically, I don't see voltage setting callback for different run-
modes. Nor do I see voltage setting (or differentiation) of more than
one suspend state.

To explain it further - my assumption is that the BD71828 'run-levels'
(RUN0, ... RUN3) could be mapped to regulator modes
REGULATOR_MODE_STANDBY. But regulators which are controlled by these
run-levels, can't be individually controlled. If state for one is
changed, the state is changed for all of them. The DVS bucks 1,2,6 and
7 support this. Rest of the LDOs and BUCKs (and also those DVS bucks
which are not configured to be controlled by run-levels) have modes RUN
and IDLE, where the processor stays powered.

In addition to these (active) modes/states, there is few states where
processor is not powered. I guess these could be mapped to 'different'
suspend states. At least LPSR, HBNT and SHIP states are such. These are
again global PMIC states - not per regulator states. They can be either
controlled by driving a pin on PMIC - or by I2C register setting. I
don't see how I could differentiate these states when using standard
APIs - nor do I know if these should be changed via regulator
interfaces at all.

All in all - I am also a bit unsure how I should do the mapping of the
PMIC low-power modes to the modes used by Linux - the curse of working
for component vendor is that I have limited visibility to actual end-
products - if they are not in-tree. :( And I don't think we have any
in-tree boards which use these low-power states (at least for now) - So
if you or Rob do not object - I will leave these bindings in this doc -
but I need to consider the value of adding stuff presented in patch 12
in-tree kernel... Guess I'll drop it out unless I get some better
understanding how run-levels and low-power modes are handled in some of
the actual devices. We can always add this support later :)

> > > Yes, I think this needs clarification as I completely failed to
> > > pick
> > > up
> > > on this and did indeed read this as referring to the
> > > modes. "Voltages
> > > that can be set in RUN mode" or something? I take it these
> > > voltages
> > > are
> > > fixed and the OS can't change them?
> > Unfortunately they are not. Voltages and enable/disable statuses
> > for
> > each run-level (and individually for each run-level capable buck)
> > can
> > be changed at runtime via I2C. And a customer requested me also to
> > support this - hence the in-kernel API - but I am sure you have
> > some
> > nice words when you check the patch 12. :]
> Ah, that's actually better. It opens up possiblities for making use
> of
> the feature without encoding voltages in DT. For example, you can
> cache
> the last however many voltages that were set and jump quickly to them
> or
> do something like put the top of the constraints in to help with
> governors like ondemand. I'd recommend trying for something like
> that
> rather than encoding in DT, it'll probably be more robust with things
> like cpufreq changing.

I wish I was working with the full product so that I could see and
learn a proper example on how the cpufreq actually uses these
interfaces :) I'd really like to understand this much better. Maybe
this could be a topic for you to present in some Linux conference ;)
Just please ping me when you are doing that and I'll be listening there
for sure ;)

Anyways, my idea was to set the inital voltage values for these states
via DT - but allow the voltages to be changed at run-time too (I guess
this idea is visible in the patch 12).

Matti Vaittinen

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