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SubjectRE: [v5] i2c: imx: support slave mode for imx I2C driver
Date
> 
>
> > -----Original Message-----
> > From: Biwen Li <biwen.li@nxp.com>
> > Sent: Friday, November 29, 2019 17:05
> > To: shawnguo@kernel.org; s.hauer@pengutronix.de;
> > kernel@pengutronix.de; festevam@gmail.com; dl-linux-imx <linux-
> > imx@nxp.com>; wsa@the-dreams.de; Leo Li <leoyang.li@nxp.com>; Aisheng
> > Dong <aisheng.dong@nxp.com>; Clark Wang <xiaoning.wang@nxp.com>;
> > o.rempel@pengutronix.de
> > Cc: linux-i2c@vger.kernel.org; linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org;
> > linux-arm- kernel@lists.infradead.org; Laurentiu Tudor
> > <laurentiu.tudor@nxp.com>; Jiafei Pan <jiafei.pan@nxp.com>; Xiaobo Xie
> > <xiaobo.xie@nxp.com>; Biwen Li <biwen.li@nxp.com>
> > Subject: [v5] i2c: imx: support slave mode for imx I2C driver
> >
> > The patch supports slave mode for imx I2C driver
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Biwen Li <biwen.li@nxp.com>
> > ---
> > Change in v5:
> > - fix a bug that cannot determine in what mode(master mode or
> > slave mode)
> >
> > Change in v4:
> > - add MACRO CONFIG_I2C_SLAVE to fix compilation issue
> >
> > Change in v3:
> > - support layerscape and i.mx platform
> >
> > Change in v2:
> > - remove MACRO CONFIG_I2C_SLAVE
> >
> >
> > drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-imx.c | 216
> > ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
> > 1 file changed, 198 insertions(+), 18 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-imx.c
> > b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-imx.c index
> > a3b61336fe55..52f70de16900 100644
> > --- a/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-imx.c
> > +++ b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-imx.c
> > @@ -203,6 +203,9 @@ struct imx_i2c_struct {
> > struct pinctrl_state *pinctrl_pins_gpio;
> >
> > struct imx_i2c_dma *dma;
> > +#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_I2C_SLAVE)
> > + struct i2c_client *slave;
> > +#endif
> > };
> >
> > static const struct imx_i2c_hwdata imx1_i2c_hwdata = { @@ -279,6
> > +282,14 @@ static inline unsigned char imx_i2c_read_reg(struct
> > imx_i2c_struct *i2c_imx,
> > return readb(i2c_imx->base + (reg << i2c_imx->hwdata->regshift)); }
> >
> > +/* Set up i2c controller register and i2c status register to default
> > +value. */ static void i2c_imx_reset_regs(struct imx_i2c_struct
> > +*i2c_imx) {
> > + imx_i2c_write_reg(i2c_imx->hwdata->i2cr_ien_opcode ^ I2CR_IEN,
> > + i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_I2CR);
> > + imx_i2c_write_reg(i2c_imx->hwdata->i2sr_clr_opcode, i2c_imx,
> > +IMX_I2C_I2SR); }
> > +
> > /* Functions for DMA support */
> > static void i2c_imx_dma_request(struct imx_i2c_struct *i2c_imx,
> > dma_addr_t phy_addr)
> > @@ -588,23 +599,33 @@ static void i2c_imx_stop(struct imx_i2c_struct
> > *i2c_imx)
> > imx_i2c_write_reg(temp, i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_I2CR); }
> >
> > -static irqreturn_t i2c_imx_isr(int irq, void *dev_id)
> > +/* Clear interrupt flag bit */
> > +static void i2c_imx_clr_if_bit(unsigned int status, struct
> > +imx_i2c_struct *i2c_imx)
> > {
> > - struct imx_i2c_struct *i2c_imx = dev_id;
> > - unsigned int temp;
> > + status &= ~I2SR_IIF;
> > + status |= (i2c_imx->hwdata->i2sr_clr_opcode & I2SR_IIF);
> > + imx_i2c_write_reg(status, i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_I2SR); }
> >
> > - temp = imx_i2c_read_reg(i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_I2SR);
> > - if (temp & I2SR_IIF) {
> > - /* save status register */
> > - i2c_imx->i2csr = temp;
> > - temp &= ~I2SR_IIF;
> > - temp |= (i2c_imx->hwdata->i2sr_clr_opcode & I2SR_IIF);
> > - imx_i2c_write_reg(temp, i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_I2SR);
> > - wake_up(&i2c_imx->queue);
> > - return IRQ_HANDLED;
> > - }
> > +/* Clear arbitration lost bit */
> > +static void i2c_imx_clr_al_bit(unsigned int status, struct
> > +imx_i2c_struct *i2c_imx) {
> > + status &= ~I2SR_IAL;
> > + status |= (i2c_imx->hwdata->i2sr_clr_opcode & I2SR_IAL);
> > + imx_i2c_write_reg(status, i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_I2SR); }
> >
> > - return IRQ_NONE;
> > +static irqreturn_t i2c_imx_master_isr(struct imx_i2c_struct *i2c_imx) {
> > + unsigned int status;
> > +
> > + /* Save status register */
> > + status = imx_i2c_read_reg(i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_I2SR);
> > + i2c_imx->i2csr = status | I2SR_IIF;
> > +
> > + wake_up(&i2c_imx->queue);
> > +
> > + return IRQ_HANDLED;
> > }
>
> Hi Biwen,
>
> We only use i2c_imx->i2csr for IIF judgement in i2c_imx_trx_complete(), can we
Currently maybe we just use the I2SR_IIF, but other bit of i2c status register will be used
in the future.
In another hand, i2csr represent value in i2c status register, unless we changed the meaning.
> use this code:
> static irqreturn_t i2c_imx_master_isr(struct imx_i2c_struct *i2c_imx) {
> i2c_imx->i2csr = I2SR_IIF;
>
> wake_up(&i2c_imx->queue);
>
> return IRQ_HANDLED;
> }
> Or even put these three lines to isr function directly?
> i2c_imx_master_isr() is only called when if (status & I2SR_IIF) is true, so no need
> to read register again here.
I add i2c_imx_master_isr to let the code clearly. Although read register again, but with advanced compiler
and more powerfull cpu, the performance won't have significant impact.
Thank you for your suggestions.

Best Regards,
Biwen Li
>
> Regards,
> Clark Wang
>
>
> >
> > static int i2c_imx_dma_write(struct imx_i2c_struct *i2c_imx, @@
> > -900,6
> > +921,13 @@ static int i2c_imx_xfer(struct i2c_adapter *adapter,
> >
> > dev_dbg(&i2c_imx->adapter.dev, "<%s>\n", __func__);
> >
> > +#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_I2C_SLAVE)
> > + if (i2c_imx->slave) {
> > + dev_err(&i2c_imx->adapter.dev, "Please not do operations
> > of master mode in slave mode");
> > + return -EBUSY;
> > + }
> > +#endif
> > +
> > result = pm_runtime_get_sync(i2c_imx->adapter.dev.parent);
> > if (result < 0)
> > goto out;
> > @@ -1048,11 +1076,166 @@ static u32 i2c_imx_func(struct i2c_adapter
> > *adapter)
> > | I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_READ_BLOCK_DATA;
> > }
> >
> > +#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_I2C_SLAVE)
> > +static int i2c_imx_slave_init(struct imx_i2c_struct *i2c_imx) {
> > + int temp;
> > +
> > + /* Resume */
> > + temp = pm_runtime_get_sync(i2c_imx->adapter.dev.parent);
> > + if (temp < 0) {
> > + dev_err(&i2c_imx->adapter.dev, "failed to resume i2c
> > controller");
> > + return temp;
> > + }
> > +
> > + /* Set slave addr. */
> > + imx_i2c_write_reg((i2c_imx->slave->addr << 1), i2c_imx,
> > IMX_I2C_IADR);
> > +
> > + i2c_imx_reset_regs(i2c_imx);
> > +
> > + /* Enable module */
> > + temp = i2c_imx->hwdata->i2cr_ien_opcode;
> > + imx_i2c_write_reg(temp, i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_I2CR);
> > +
> > + /* Enable interrupt from i2c module */
> > + temp |= I2CR_IIEN;
> > + imx_i2c_write_reg(temp, i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_I2CR);
> > +
> > + /* Wait controller to be stable */
> > + usleep_range(50, 150);
> > + return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static irqreturn_t i2c_imx_slave_isr(struct imx_i2c_struct *i2c_imx) {
> > + unsigned int status, ctl;
> > + u8 value;
> > +
> > + if (!i2c_imx->slave) {
> > + dev_err(&i2c_imx->adapter.dev, "cannot deal with slave
> > irq,i2c_imx->slave is null");
> > + return IRQ_NONE;
> > + }
> > +
> > + status = imx_i2c_read_reg(i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_I2SR);
> > + ctl = imx_i2c_read_reg(i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_I2CR);
> > + if (status & I2SR_IAL) { /* Arbitration lost */
> > + i2c_imx_clr_al_bit(status, i2c_imx);
> > + } else if (status & I2SR_IAAS) { /* Addressed as a slave */
> > + if (status & I2SR_SRW) { /* Master wants to read from us*/
> > + dev_dbg(&i2c_imx->adapter.dev, "read requested");
> > + i2c_slave_event(i2c_imx->slave,
> > I2C_SLAVE_READ_REQUESTED, &value);
> > +
> > + /* Slave transmit */
> > + ctl |= I2CR_MTX;
> > + imx_i2c_write_reg(ctl, i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_I2CR);
> > +
> > + /* Send data */
> > + imx_i2c_write_reg(value, i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_I2DR);
> > + } else { /* Master wants to write to us */
> > + dev_dbg(&i2c_imx->adapter.dev, "write requested");
> > + i2c_slave_event(i2c_imx->slave,
> > I2C_SLAVE_WRITE_REQUESTED, &value);
> > +
> > + /* Slave receive */
> > + ctl &= ~I2CR_MTX;
> > + imx_i2c_write_reg(ctl, i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_I2CR);
> > + /* Dummy read */
> > + imx_i2c_read_reg(i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_I2DR);
> > + }
> > + } else if (!(ctl & I2CR_MTX)) { /* Receive mode */
> > + if (status & I2SR_IBB) { /* No STOP signal detected */
> > + ctl &= ~I2CR_MTX;
> > + imx_i2c_write_reg(ctl, i2c_imx,
> > IMX_I2C_I2CR);
> > +
> > + value = imx_i2c_read_reg(i2c_imx,
> > IMX_I2C_I2DR);
> > + i2c_slave_event(i2c_imx->slave,
> > I2C_SLAVE_WRITE_RECEIVED, &value);
> > + } else { /* STOP signal is detected */
> > + dev_dbg(&i2c_imx->adapter.dev,
> > + "STOP signal detected");
> > + i2c_slave_event(i2c_imx->slave,
> > I2C_SLAVE_STOP, &value);
> > + }
> > + } else if (!(status & I2SR_RXAK)) { /* Transmit mode received
> > ACK */
> > + ctl |= I2CR_MTX;
> > + imx_i2c_write_reg(ctl, i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_I2CR);
> > +
> > + i2c_slave_event(i2c_imx->slave,
> > I2C_SLAVE_READ_PROCESSED, &value);
> > +
> > + imx_i2c_write_reg(value, i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_I2DR);
> > + } else { /* Transmit mode received NAK */
> > + ctl &= ~I2CR_MTX;
> > + imx_i2c_write_reg(ctl, i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_I2CR);
> > + imx_i2c_read_reg(i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_I2DR);
> > + }
> > + return IRQ_HANDLED;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int i2c_imx_reg_slave(struct i2c_client *client) {
> > + struct imx_i2c_struct *i2c_imx = i2c_get_adapdata(client->adapter);
> > + int ret;
> > + if (i2c_imx->slave)
> > + return -EBUSY;
> > +
> > + i2c_imx->slave = client;
> > +
> > + ret = i2c_imx_slave_init(i2c_imx);
> > + if (ret < 0)
> > + dev_err(&i2c_imx->adapter.dev, "failed to switch to slave
> > mode");
> > +
> > + return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int i2c_imx_unreg_slave(struct i2c_client *client) {
> > + struct imx_i2c_struct *i2c_imx = i2c_get_adapdata(client->adapter);
> > + int ret;
> > +
> > + if (!i2c_imx->slave)
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > + /* Reset slave address. */
> > + imx_i2c_write_reg(0, i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_IADR);
> > +
> > + i2c_imx_reset_regs(i2c_imx);
> > +
> > + i2c_imx->slave = NULL;
> > +
> > + /* Suspend */
> > + ret = pm_runtime_put_sync(i2c_imx->adapter.dev.parent);
> > + if (ret < 0)
> > + dev_err(&i2c_imx->adapter.dev, "failed to suspend i2c
> > controller");
> > +
> > + return ret;
> > +}
> > +#endif
> > +
> > static const struct i2c_algorithm i2c_imx_algo = {
> > .master_xfer = i2c_imx_xfer,
> > .functionality = i2c_imx_func,
> > +#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_I2C_SLAVE)
> > + .reg_slave = i2c_imx_reg_slave,
> > + .unreg_slave = i2c_imx_unreg_slave,
> > +#endif
> > };
> >
> > +static irqreturn_t i2c_imx_isr(int irq, void *dev_id) {
> > + struct imx_i2c_struct *i2c_imx = dev_id;
> > + unsigned int status;
> > +
> > + status = imx_i2c_read_reg(i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_I2SR);
> > +
> > + if (status & I2SR_IIF) {
> > + i2c_imx_clr_if_bit(status, i2c_imx); #if
> > +IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_I2C_SLAVE)
> > + if (i2c_imx->slave)
> > + return i2c_imx_slave_isr(i2c_imx); #endif
> > + return i2c_imx_master_isr(i2c_imx);
> > + }
> > +
> > + return IRQ_NONE;
> > +}
> > +
> > static int i2c_imx_probe(struct platform_device *pdev) {
> > struct imx_i2c_struct *i2c_imx;
> > @@ -1148,10 +1331,7 @@ static int i2c_imx_probe(struct platform_device
> > *pdev)
> > clk_notifier_register(i2c_imx->clk, &i2c_imx->clk_change_nb);
> > i2c_imx_set_clk(i2c_imx, clk_get_rate(i2c_imx->clk));
> >
> > - /* Set up chip registers to defaults */
> > - imx_i2c_write_reg(i2c_imx->hwdata->i2cr_ien_opcode ^ I2CR_IEN,
> > - i2c_imx, IMX_I2C_I2CR);
> > - imx_i2c_write_reg(i2c_imx->hwdata->i2sr_clr_opcode, i2c_imx,
> > IMX_I2C_I2SR);
> > + i2c_imx_reset_regs(i2c_imx);
> >
> > /* Init optional bus recovery function */
> > ret = i2c_imx_init_recovery_info(i2c_imx, pdev);
> > --
> > 2.17.1

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