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Subject[PATCH v3 4/7] dt-bindings: gpio: Add gpio-repeater bindings
Date
Add Device Tree bindings for a GPIO repeater, with optional translation
of physical signal properties. This is useful for describing explicitly
the presence of e.g. an inverter on a GPIO line, and was inspired by the
non-YAML gpio-inverter bindings by Harish Jenny K N
<harish_kandiga@mentor.com>[1].

Note that this is different from a GPIO Nexus Node[2], which cannot do
physical signal property translation.

While an inverter can be described implicitly by exchanging the
GPIO_ACTIVE_HIGH and GPIO_ACTIVE_LOW flags, this has its limitations.
Each GPIO line has only a single GPIO_ACTIVE_* flag, but applies to both
th provider and consumer sides:
1. The GPIO provider (controller) looks at the flags to know the
polarity, so it can translate between logical (active/not active)
and physical (high/low) signal levels.
2. While the signal polarity is usually fixed on the GPIO consumer
side (e.g. an LED is tied to either the supply voltage or GND),
it may be configurable on some devices, and both sides need to
agree. Hence the GPIO_ACTIVE_* flag as seen by the consumer must
match the actual polarity.
There exists a similar issue with interrupt flags, where both the
interrupt controller and the device generating the interrupt need
to agree, which breaks in the presence of a physical inverter not
described in DT (see e.g. [3]).

[1] "[PATCH V4 2/2] gpio: inverter: document the inverter bindings"
https://lore.kernel.org/linux-gpio/1561699236-18620-3-git-send-email-harish_kandiga@mentor.com/

[2] Devicetree Specification v0.3-rc2, Section 2.5
https://github.com/devicetree-org/devicetree-specification/releases/tag/v0.3-rc2

[3] "[PATCH] wlcore/wl18xx: Add invert-irq OF property for physically
inverted IRQ"
https://lore.kernel.org/linux-renesas-soc/20190607172958.20745-1-erosca@de.adit-jv.com/

Signed-off-by: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert+renesas@glider.be>
---
v3:
- New.
---
.../bindings/gpio/gpio-repeater.yaml | 53 +++++++++++++++++++
1 file changed, 53 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/gpio/gpio-repeater.yaml

diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/gpio/gpio-repeater.yaml b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/gpio/gpio-repeater.yaml
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000000000..efdee0c3be43f731
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/gpio/gpio-repeater.yaml
@@ -0,0 +1,53 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: (GPL-2.0 OR BSD-2-Clause)
+%YAML 1.2
+---
+$id: http://devicetree.org/schemas/gpio/gpio-repeater.yaml#
+$schema: http://devicetree.org/meta-schemas/core.yaml#
+
+title: GPIO Repeater
+
+maintainers:
+ - Harish Jenny K N <harish_kandiga@mentor.com>
+ - Geert Uytterhoeven <geert+renesas@glider.be>
+
+description:
+ This represents a repeater for one or more GPIOs, possibly including physical
+ signal property translation (e.g. polarity inversion).
+
+properties:
+ compatible:
+ const: gpio-repeater
+
+ "#gpio-cells":
+ const: 2
+
+ gpio-controller: true
+
+ gpios:
+ description:
+ Phandle and specifier, one for each repeated GPIO.
+
+ gpio-line-names:
+ description:
+ Strings defining the names of the GPIO lines going out of the GPIO
+ controller.
+
+required:
+ - compatible
+ - "#gpio-cells"
+ - gpio-controller
+ - gpios
+
+additionalProperties: false
+
+examples:
+ # Device node describing a polarity inverter for a single GPIO
+ - |
+ #include <dt-bindings/gpio/gpio.h>
+
+ inverter: gpio-repeater {
+ compatible = "gpio-repeater";
+ #gpio-cells = <2>;
+ gpio-controller;
+ gpios = <&gpio 95 GPIO_ACTIVE_LOW>;
+ };
--
2.17.1
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