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Subject[PATCH 4.19 266/306] ARC: perf: Accommodate big-endian CPU
From: Alexey Brodkin <>

commit 5effc09c4907901f0e71e68e5f2e14211d9a203f upstream.

8-letter strings representing ARC perf events are stores in two
32-bit registers as ASCII characters like that: "IJMP", "IALL", "IJMPTAK" etc.

And the same order of bytes in the word is used regardless CPU endianness.

Which means in case of big-endian CPU core we need to swap bytes to get
the same order as if it was on little-endian CPU.

Otherwise we're seeing the following error message on boot:
ARC perf : 8 counters (32 bits), 40 conditions, [overflow IRQ support]
sysfs: cannot create duplicate filename '/devices/arc_pct/events/pmji'
CPU: 0 PID: 1 Comm: swapper/0 Not tainted 5.2.18 #3
Stack Trace:
------------[ cut here ]------------
WARNING: CPU: 0 PID: 1 at kernel/events/core.c:12144 perf_event_sysfs_init+0x70/0xa0
Failed to register pmu: arc_pct, reason -17
Modules linked in:
CPU: 0 PID: 1 Comm: swapper/0 Not tainted 5.2.18 #3
Stack Trace:
---[ end trace a75fb9a9837bd1ec ]---

What happens here we're trying to register more than one raw perf event
with the same name "PMJI". Why? Because ARC perf events are 4 to 8 letters
and encoded into two 32-bit words. In this particular case we deal with 2
* "IJMP____" which counts all jump & branch instructions
* "IJMPC___" which counts only conditional jumps & branches

Those strings are split in two 32-bit words this way "IJMP" + "____" &
"IJMP" + "C___" correspondingly. Now if we read them swapped due to CPU core
being big-endian then we read "PMJI" + "____" & "PMJI" + "___C".

And since we interpret read array of ASCII letters as a null-terminated string
on big-endian CPU we end up with 2 events of the same name "PMJI".

Signed-off-by: Alexey Brodkin <>
Signed-off-by: Vineet Gupta <>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <>

arch/arc/kernel/perf_event.c | 4 ++--
1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

--- a/arch/arc/kernel/perf_event.c
+++ b/arch/arc/kernel/perf_event.c
@@ -490,8 +490,8 @@ static int arc_pmu_device_probe(struct p
/* loop thru all available h/w condition indexes */
for (j = 0; j < cc_bcr.c; j++) {
write_aux_reg(ARC_REG_CC_INDEX, j);
- cc_name.indiv.word0 = read_aux_reg(ARC_REG_CC_NAME0);
- cc_name.indiv.word1 = read_aux_reg(ARC_REG_CC_NAME1);
+ cc_name.indiv.word0 = le32_to_cpu(read_aux_reg(ARC_REG_CC_NAME0));
+ cc_name.indiv.word1 = le32_to_cpu(read_aux_reg(ARC_REG_CC_NAME1));

/* See if it has been mapped to a perf event_id */
for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(arc_pmu_ev_hw_map); i++) {

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