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Subject[PATCH 2/2] tty: serial: msm_serial: Fix deadlock caused by recursive output
Date
The uart driver might run into deadlock caused by recursive output; the
basic flow is after uart driver has acquired the port spinlock, then it
invokes some functions, e.g. dma engine operations and allocate dma
descriptor with kzalloc(), if the system has very less free memory, the
kernel will give out warning by printing logs, thus recursive output
will happen and at the second time the attempting to acquire lock will
cause deadlock. The detailed flow is shown as below:

msm_uart_irq()
spin_lock_irqsave(&port->lock, flags) => First time to acquire lock
msm_handle_tx(port)
msm_handle_tx_dma()
dmaengine_prep_slave_single()
bam_prep_slave_sg()
kzalloc()
__kmalloc()
___slab_alloc()
alloc_pages_current()
__alloc_pages_nodemask()
warn_alloc()
printk()
msm_console_write()
__msm_console_write()
spin_lock(&port->lock) => Cause deadlock

This patch fixes the deadlock issue for recursive output; it adds a
variable 'curr_user' to indicate the uart port is used by which CPU, if
the CPU has acquired spinlock and wants to execute recursive output,
it will directly bail out. Here we don't choose to avoid locking and
print out log, the reason is in this case we don't want to reset the
uart port with function msm_reset_dm_count(); otherwise it can introduce
confliction with other flows and results in uart port malfunction and
later cannot output anymore.

Signed-off-by: Leo Yan <leo.yan@linaro.org>
---
drivers/tty/serial/msm_serial.c | 10 ++++++++++
1 file changed, 10 insertions(+)

diff --git a/drivers/tty/serial/msm_serial.c b/drivers/tty/serial/msm_serial.c
index 889538182e83..06076cd2948f 100644
--- a/drivers/tty/serial/msm_serial.c
+++ b/drivers/tty/serial/msm_serial.c
@@ -182,6 +182,7 @@ struct msm_port {
bool break_detected;
struct msm_dma tx_dma;
struct msm_dma rx_dma;
+ struct cpumask curr_user;
};

#define UART_TO_MSM(uart_port) container_of(uart_port, struct msm_port, uart)
@@ -436,6 +437,7 @@ static void msm_complete_tx_dma(void *args)
u32 val;

spin_lock_irqsave(&port->lock, flags);
+ cpumask_set_cpu(smp_processor_id(), &msm_port->curr_user);

/* Already stopped */
if (!dma->count)
@@ -470,6 +472,7 @@ static void msm_complete_tx_dma(void *args)

msm_handle_tx(port);
done:
+ cpumask_clear_cpu(smp_processor_id(), &msm_port->curr_user);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&port->lock, flags);
}

@@ -544,6 +547,7 @@ static void msm_complete_rx_dma(void *args)
u32 val;

spin_lock_irqsave(&port->lock, flags);
+ cpumask_set_cpu(smp_processor_id(), &msm_port->curr_user);

/* Already stopped */
if (!dma->count)
@@ -590,6 +594,7 @@ static void msm_complete_rx_dma(void *args)

msm_start_rx_dma(msm_port);
done:
+ cpumask_clear_cpu(smp_processor_id(), &msm_port->curr_user);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&port->lock, flags);

if (count)
@@ -931,6 +936,7 @@ static irqreturn_t msm_uart_irq(int irq, void *dev_id)
u32 val;

spin_lock_irqsave(&port->lock, flags);
+ cpumask_set_cpu(smp_processor_id(), &msm_port->curr_user);
misr = msm_read(port, UART_MISR);
msm_write(port, 0, UART_IMR); /* disable interrupt */

@@ -962,6 +968,7 @@ static irqreturn_t msm_uart_irq(int irq, void *dev_id)
msm_handle_delta_cts(port);

msm_write(port, msm_port->imr, UART_IMR); /* restore interrupt */
+ cpumask_clear_cpu(smp_processor_id(), &msm_port->curr_user);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&port->lock, flags);

return IRQ_HANDLED;
@@ -1572,6 +1579,7 @@ static inline struct uart_port *msm_get_port_from_line(unsigned int line)
static void __msm_console_write(struct uart_port *port, const char *s,
unsigned int count, bool is_uartdm)
{
+ struct msm_port *msm_port = UART_TO_MSM(port);
int i;
int num_newlines = 0;
bool replaced = false;
@@ -1593,6 +1601,8 @@ static void __msm_console_write(struct uart_port *port, const char *s,
locked = 0;
else if (oops_in_progress)
locked = spin_trylock(&port->lock);
+ else if (cpumask_test_cpu(smp_processor_id(), &msm_port->curr_user))
+ return;
else
spin_lock(&port->lock);

--
2.17.1
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