lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2019]   [Nov]   [21]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
From
Subject[RESEND PATCH v4 08/10] refcount: Consolidate implementations of refcount_t
Date
The generic implementation of refcount_t should be good enough for
everybody, so remove ARCH_HAS_REFCOUNT and REFCOUNT_FULL entirely,
leaving the generic implementation enabled unconditionally.

Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Cc: Elena Reshetova <elena.reshetova@intel.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Acked-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
---
arch/Kconfig | 21 ----
arch/arm/Kconfig | 1 -
arch/arm64/Kconfig | 1 -
arch/s390/configs/debug_defconfig | 1 -
arch/x86/Kconfig | 1 -
arch/x86/include/asm/asm.h | 6 --
arch/x86/include/asm/refcount.h | 126 -----------------------
arch/x86/mm/extable.c | 49 ---------
drivers/gpu/drm/i915/Kconfig.debug | 1 -
include/linux/refcount.h | 158 +++++++++++------------------
lib/refcount.c | 2 +-
11 files changed, 59 insertions(+), 308 deletions(-)
delete mode 100644 arch/x86/include/asm/refcount.h

diff --git a/arch/Kconfig b/arch/Kconfig
index 5f8a5d84dbbe..8bcc1c746142 100644
--- a/arch/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/Kconfig
@@ -892,27 +892,6 @@ config STRICT_MODULE_RWX
config ARCH_HAS_PHYS_TO_DMA
bool

-config ARCH_HAS_REFCOUNT
- bool
- help
- An architecture selects this when it has implemented refcount_t
- using open coded assembly primitives that provide an optimized
- refcount_t implementation, possibly at the expense of some full
- refcount state checks of CONFIG_REFCOUNT_FULL=y.
-
- The refcount overflow check behavior, however, must be retained.
- Catching overflows is the primary security concern for protecting
- against bugs in reference counts.
-
-config REFCOUNT_FULL
- bool "Perform full reference count validation at the expense of speed"
- help
- Enabling this switches the refcounting infrastructure from a fast
- unchecked atomic_t implementation to a fully state checked
- implementation, which can be (slightly) slower but provides protections
- against various use-after-free conditions that can be used in
- security flaw exploits.
-
config HAVE_ARCH_COMPILER_H
bool
help
diff --git a/arch/arm/Kconfig b/arch/arm/Kconfig
index 8a50efb559f3..0d3c5d7cceb7 100644
--- a/arch/arm/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/Kconfig
@@ -117,7 +117,6 @@ config ARM
select OLD_SIGSUSPEND3
select PCI_SYSCALL if PCI
select PERF_USE_VMALLOC
- select REFCOUNT_FULL
select RTC_LIB
select SYS_SUPPORTS_APM_EMULATION
# Above selects are sorted alphabetically; please add new ones
diff --git a/arch/arm64/Kconfig b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
index 41a9b4257b72..bc990d3abfe9 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
@@ -181,7 +181,6 @@ config ARM64
select PCI_SYSCALL if PCI
select POWER_RESET
select POWER_SUPPLY
- select REFCOUNT_FULL
select SPARSE_IRQ
select SWIOTLB
select SYSCTL_EXCEPTION_TRACE
diff --git a/arch/s390/configs/debug_defconfig b/arch/s390/configs/debug_defconfig
index 38d64030aacf..2e60c80395ab 100644
--- a/arch/s390/configs/debug_defconfig
+++ b/arch/s390/configs/debug_defconfig
@@ -62,7 +62,6 @@ CONFIG_OPROFILE=m
CONFIG_KPROBES=y
CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL=y
CONFIG_STATIC_KEYS_SELFTEST=y
-CONFIG_REFCOUNT_FULL=y
CONFIG_LOCK_EVENT_COUNTS=y
CONFIG_MODULES=y
CONFIG_MODULE_FORCE_LOAD=y
diff --git a/arch/x86/Kconfig b/arch/x86/Kconfig
index d6e1faa28c58..fa6274f1e370 100644
--- a/arch/x86/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/x86/Kconfig
@@ -73,7 +73,6 @@ config X86
select ARCH_HAS_PMEM_API if X86_64
select ARCH_HAS_PTE_DEVMAP if X86_64
select ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL
- select ARCH_HAS_REFCOUNT
select ARCH_HAS_UACCESS_FLUSHCACHE if X86_64
select ARCH_HAS_UACCESS_MCSAFE if X86_64 && X86_MCE
select ARCH_HAS_SET_MEMORY
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/asm.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/asm.h
index 3ff577c0b102..5a0c14ebef70 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/asm.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/asm.h
@@ -139,9 +139,6 @@
# define _ASM_EXTABLE_EX(from, to) \
_ASM_EXTABLE_HANDLE(from, to, ex_handler_ext)

-# define _ASM_EXTABLE_REFCOUNT(from, to) \
- _ASM_EXTABLE_HANDLE(from, to, ex_handler_refcount)
-
# define _ASM_NOKPROBE(entry) \
.pushsection "_kprobe_blacklist","aw" ; \
_ASM_ALIGN ; \
@@ -170,9 +167,6 @@
# define _ASM_EXTABLE_EX(from, to) \
_ASM_EXTABLE_HANDLE(from, to, ex_handler_ext)

-# define _ASM_EXTABLE_REFCOUNT(from, to) \
- _ASM_EXTABLE_HANDLE(from, to, ex_handler_refcount)
-
/* For C file, we already have NOKPROBE_SYMBOL macro */
#endif

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/refcount.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/refcount.h
deleted file mode 100644
index 232f856e0db0..000000000000
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/refcount.h
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,126 +0,0 @@
-#ifndef __ASM_X86_REFCOUNT_H
-#define __ASM_X86_REFCOUNT_H
-/*
- * x86-specific implementation of refcount_t. Based on PAX_REFCOUNT from
- * PaX/grsecurity.
- */
-#include <linux/refcount.h>
-#include <asm/bug.h>
-
-/*
- * This is the first portion of the refcount error handling, which lives in
- * .text.unlikely, and is jumped to from the CPU flag check (in the
- * following macros). This saves the refcount value location into CX for
- * the exception handler to use (in mm/extable.c), and then triggers the
- * central refcount exception. The fixup address for the exception points
- * back to the regular execution flow in .text.
- */
-#define _REFCOUNT_EXCEPTION \
- ".pushsection .text..refcount\n" \
- "111:\tlea %[var], %%" _ASM_CX "\n" \
- "112:\t" ASM_UD2 "\n" \
- ASM_UNREACHABLE \
- ".popsection\n" \
- "113:\n" \
- _ASM_EXTABLE_REFCOUNT(112b, 113b)
-
-/* Trigger refcount exception if refcount result is negative. */
-#define REFCOUNT_CHECK_LT_ZERO \
- "js 111f\n\t" \
- _REFCOUNT_EXCEPTION
-
-/* Trigger refcount exception if refcount result is zero or negative. */
-#define REFCOUNT_CHECK_LE_ZERO \
- "jz 111f\n\t" \
- REFCOUNT_CHECK_LT_ZERO
-
-/* Trigger refcount exception unconditionally. */
-#define REFCOUNT_ERROR \
- "jmp 111f\n\t" \
- _REFCOUNT_EXCEPTION
-
-static __always_inline void refcount_add(unsigned int i, refcount_t *r)
-{
- asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "addl %1,%0\n\t"
- REFCOUNT_CHECK_LT_ZERO
- : [var] "+m" (r->refs.counter)
- : "ir" (i)
- : "cc", "cx");
-}
-
-static __always_inline void refcount_inc(refcount_t *r)
-{
- asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "incl %0\n\t"
- REFCOUNT_CHECK_LT_ZERO
- : [var] "+m" (r->refs.counter)
- : : "cc", "cx");
-}
-
-static __always_inline void refcount_dec(refcount_t *r)
-{
- asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "decl %0\n\t"
- REFCOUNT_CHECK_LE_ZERO
- : [var] "+m" (r->refs.counter)
- : : "cc", "cx");
-}
-
-static __always_inline __must_check
-bool refcount_sub_and_test(unsigned int i, refcount_t *r)
-{
- bool ret = GEN_BINARY_SUFFIXED_RMWcc(LOCK_PREFIX "subl",
- REFCOUNT_CHECK_LT_ZERO,
- r->refs.counter, e, "er", i, "cx");
-
- if (ret) {
- smp_acquire__after_ctrl_dep();
- return true;
- }
-
- return false;
-}
-
-static __always_inline __must_check bool refcount_dec_and_test(refcount_t *r)
-{
- bool ret = GEN_UNARY_SUFFIXED_RMWcc(LOCK_PREFIX "decl",
- REFCOUNT_CHECK_LT_ZERO,
- r->refs.counter, e, "cx");
-
- if (ret) {
- smp_acquire__after_ctrl_dep();
- return true;
- }
-
- return false;
-}
-
-static __always_inline __must_check
-bool refcount_add_not_zero(unsigned int i, refcount_t *r)
-{
- int c, result;
-
- c = atomic_read(&(r->refs));
- do {
- if (unlikely(c == 0))
- return false;
-
- result = c + i;
-
- /* Did we try to increment from/to an undesirable state? */
- if (unlikely(c < 0 || c == INT_MAX || result < c)) {
- asm volatile(REFCOUNT_ERROR
- : : [var] "m" (r->refs.counter)
- : "cc", "cx");
- break;
- }
-
- } while (!atomic_try_cmpxchg(&(r->refs), &c, result));
-
- return c != 0;
-}
-
-static __always_inline __must_check bool refcount_inc_not_zero(refcount_t *r)
-{
- return refcount_add_not_zero(1, r);
-}
-
-#endif
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/extable.c b/arch/x86/mm/extable.c
index 4d75bc656f97..30bb0bd3b1b8 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/extable.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/extable.c
@@ -44,55 +44,6 @@ __visible bool ex_handler_fault(const struct exception_table_entry *fixup,
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ex_handler_fault);

-/*
- * Handler for UD0 exception following a failed test against the
- * result of a refcount inc/dec/add/sub.
- */
-__visible bool ex_handler_refcount(const struct exception_table_entry *fixup,
- struct pt_regs *regs, int trapnr,
- unsigned long error_code,
- unsigned long fault_addr)
-{
- /* First unconditionally saturate the refcount. */
- *(int *)regs->cx = INT_MIN / 2;
-
- /*
- * Strictly speaking, this reports the fixup destination, not
- * the fault location, and not the actually overflowing
- * instruction, which is the instruction before the "js", but
- * since that instruction could be a variety of lengths, just
- * report the location after the overflow, which should be close
- * enough for finding the overflow, as it's at least back in
- * the function, having returned from .text.unlikely.
- */
- regs->ip = ex_fixup_addr(fixup);
-
- /*
- * This function has been called because either a negative refcount
- * value was seen by any of the refcount functions, or a zero
- * refcount value was seen by refcount_dec().
- *
- * If we crossed from INT_MAX to INT_MIN, OF (Overflow Flag: result
- * wrapped around) will be set. Additionally, seeing the refcount
- * reach 0 will set ZF (Zero Flag: result was zero). In each of
- * these cases we want a report, since it's a boundary condition.
- * The SF case is not reported since it indicates post-boundary
- * manipulations below zero or above INT_MAX. And if none of the
- * flags are set, something has gone very wrong, so report it.
- */
- if (regs->flags & (X86_EFLAGS_OF | X86_EFLAGS_ZF)) {
- bool zero = regs->flags & X86_EFLAGS_ZF;
-
- refcount_error_report(regs, zero ? "hit zero" : "overflow");
- } else if ((regs->flags & X86_EFLAGS_SF) == 0) {
- /* Report if none of OF, ZF, nor SF are set. */
- refcount_error_report(regs, "unexpected saturation");
- }
-
- return true;
-}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(ex_handler_refcount);
-
/*
* Handler for when we fail to restore a task's FPU state. We should never get
* here because the FPU state of a task using the FPU (task->thread.fpu.state)
diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/Kconfig.debug b/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/Kconfig.debug
index 00786a142ff0..1400fce39c58 100644
--- a/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/Kconfig.debug
+++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/Kconfig.debug
@@ -22,7 +22,6 @@ config DRM_I915_DEBUG
depends on DRM_I915
select DEBUG_FS
select PREEMPT_COUNT
- select REFCOUNT_FULL
select I2C_CHARDEV
select STACKDEPOT
select DRM_DP_AUX_CHARDEV
diff --git a/include/linux/refcount.h b/include/linux/refcount.h
index 757d4630115c..0ac50cf62d06 100644
--- a/include/linux/refcount.h
+++ b/include/linux/refcount.h
@@ -1,64 +1,4 @@
/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
-#ifndef _LINUX_REFCOUNT_H
-#define _LINUX_REFCOUNT_H
-
-#include <linux/atomic.h>
-#include <linux/compiler.h>
-#include <linux/limits.h>
-#include <linux/spinlock_types.h>
-
-struct mutex;
-
-/**
- * struct refcount_t - variant of atomic_t specialized for reference counts
- * @refs: atomic_t counter field
- *
- * The counter saturates at REFCOUNT_SATURATED and will not move once
- * there. This avoids wrapping the counter and causing 'spurious'
- * use-after-free bugs.
- */
-typedef struct refcount_struct {
- atomic_t refs;
-} refcount_t;
-
-#define REFCOUNT_INIT(n) { .refs = ATOMIC_INIT(n), }
-#define REFCOUNT_MAX INT_MAX
-#define REFCOUNT_SATURATED (INT_MIN / 2)
-
-enum refcount_saturation_type {
- REFCOUNT_ADD_NOT_ZERO_OVF,
- REFCOUNT_ADD_OVF,
- REFCOUNT_ADD_UAF,
- REFCOUNT_SUB_UAF,
- REFCOUNT_DEC_LEAK,
-};
-
-void refcount_warn_saturate(refcount_t *r, enum refcount_saturation_type t);
-
-/**
- * refcount_set - set a refcount's value
- * @r: the refcount
- * @n: value to which the refcount will be set
- */
-static inline void refcount_set(refcount_t *r, int n)
-{
- atomic_set(&r->refs, n);
-}
-
-/**
- * refcount_read - get a refcount's value
- * @r: the refcount
- *
- * Return: the refcount's value
- */
-static inline unsigned int refcount_read(const refcount_t *r)
-{
- return atomic_read(&r->refs);
-}
-
-#ifdef CONFIG_REFCOUNT_FULL
-#include <linux/bug.h>
-
/*
* Variant of atomic_t specialized for reference counts.
*
@@ -136,6 +76,64 @@ static inline unsigned int refcount_read(const refcount_t *r)
*
*/

+#ifndef _LINUX_REFCOUNT_H
+#define _LINUX_REFCOUNT_H
+
+#include <linux/atomic.h>
+#include <linux/bug.h>
+#include <linux/compiler.h>
+#include <linux/limits.h>
+#include <linux/spinlock_types.h>
+
+struct mutex;
+
+/**
+ * struct refcount_t - variant of atomic_t specialized for reference counts
+ * @refs: atomic_t counter field
+ *
+ * The counter saturates at REFCOUNT_SATURATED and will not move once
+ * there. This avoids wrapping the counter and causing 'spurious'
+ * use-after-free bugs.
+ */
+typedef struct refcount_struct {
+ atomic_t refs;
+} refcount_t;
+
+#define REFCOUNT_INIT(n) { .refs = ATOMIC_INIT(n), }
+#define REFCOUNT_MAX INT_MAX
+#define REFCOUNT_SATURATED (INT_MIN / 2)
+
+enum refcount_saturation_type {
+ REFCOUNT_ADD_NOT_ZERO_OVF,
+ REFCOUNT_ADD_OVF,
+ REFCOUNT_ADD_UAF,
+ REFCOUNT_SUB_UAF,
+ REFCOUNT_DEC_LEAK,
+};
+
+void refcount_warn_saturate(refcount_t *r, enum refcount_saturation_type t);
+
+/**
+ * refcount_set - set a refcount's value
+ * @r: the refcount
+ * @n: value to which the refcount will be set
+ */
+static inline void refcount_set(refcount_t *r, int n)
+{
+ atomic_set(&r->refs, n);
+}
+
+/**
+ * refcount_read - get a refcount's value
+ * @r: the refcount
+ *
+ * Return: the refcount's value
+ */
+static inline unsigned int refcount_read(const refcount_t *r)
+{
+ return atomic_read(&r->refs);
+}
+
/**
* refcount_add_not_zero - add a value to a refcount unless it is 0
* @i: the value to add to the refcount
@@ -298,46 +296,6 @@ static inline void refcount_dec(refcount_t *r)
if (unlikely(atomic_fetch_sub_release(1, &r->refs) <= 1))
refcount_warn_saturate(r, REFCOUNT_DEC_LEAK);
}
-#else /* CONFIG_REFCOUNT_FULL */
-# ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_REFCOUNT
-# include <asm/refcount.h>
-# else
-static inline __must_check bool refcount_add_not_zero(int i, refcount_t *r)
-{
- return atomic_add_unless(&r->refs, i, 0);
-}
-
-static inline void refcount_add(int i, refcount_t *r)
-{
- atomic_add(i, &r->refs);
-}
-
-static inline __must_check bool refcount_inc_not_zero(refcount_t *r)
-{
- return atomic_add_unless(&r->refs, 1, 0);
-}
-
-static inline void refcount_inc(refcount_t *r)
-{
- atomic_inc(&r->refs);
-}
-
-static inline __must_check bool refcount_sub_and_test(int i, refcount_t *r)
-{
- return atomic_sub_and_test(i, &r->refs);
-}
-
-static inline __must_check bool refcount_dec_and_test(refcount_t *r)
-{
- return atomic_dec_and_test(&r->refs);
-}
-
-static inline void refcount_dec(refcount_t *r)
-{
- atomic_dec(&r->refs);
-}
-# endif /* !CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_REFCOUNT */
-#endif /* !CONFIG_REFCOUNT_FULL */

extern __must_check bool refcount_dec_if_one(refcount_t *r);
extern __must_check bool refcount_dec_not_one(refcount_t *r);
diff --git a/lib/refcount.c b/lib/refcount.c
index 8b7e249c0e10..ebac8b7d15a7 100644
--- a/lib/refcount.c
+++ b/lib/refcount.c
@@ -1,6 +1,6 @@
// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
- * Out-of-line refcount functions common to all refcount implementations.
+ * Out-of-line refcount functions.
*/

#include <linux/mutex.h>
--
2.24.0.432.g9d3f5f5b63-goog
\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2019-11-21 13:00    [W:0.205 / U:1.156 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site