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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 6/7] ALSA: aloop: Support selection of snd_timer instead of jiffies
On Wed, 20 Nov 2019 16:39:00 +0100,
Andrew Gabbasov wrote:
>
> Hello Takashi,
>
> > -----Original Message-----
> > From: Takashi Iwai [mailto:tiwai@suse.de]
> > Sent: Wednesday, November 20, 2019 6:32 PM
> > To: Gabbasov, Andrew
> > Cc: alsa-devel@alsa-project.org; linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org; Jaroslav
> > Kysela; Takashi Iwai; Timo Wischer
> > Subject: Re: [PATCH v4 6/7] ALSA: aloop: Support selection of snd_timer
> > instead of jiffies
> >
> > On Wed, 20 Nov 2019 16:21:36 +0100,
> > Andrew Gabbasov wrote:
> > >
> > > Hello Takashi,
> > >
> > > > -----Original Message-----
> > > > From: Takashi Iwai [mailto:tiwai@suse.de]
> > > > Sent: Wednesday, November 20, 2019 5:34 PM
> > > > To: Gabbasov, Andrew
> > > > Cc: alsa-devel@alsa-project.org; linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org;
> Jaroslav
> > > > Kysela; Takashi Iwai; Timo Wischer
> > > > Subject: Re: [PATCH v4 6/7] ALSA: aloop: Support selection of
> snd_timer
> > > > instead of jiffies
> > > >
> > > > On Wed, 20 Nov 2019 12:58:55 +0100,
> > > > Andrew Gabbasov wrote:
> > > > > +/* call in loopback->cable_lock */
> > > > > +static int loopback_snd_timer_open(struct loopback_pcm *dpcm)
> > > > > +{
> > > > > + int err = 0;
> > > > > + struct snd_timer_id tid = {
> > > > > + .dev_class = SNDRV_TIMER_CLASS_PCM,
> > > > > + .dev_sclass = SNDRV_TIMER_SCLASS_APPLICATION,
> > > > > + };
> > > > > + struct snd_timer_instance *timeri;
> > > > > + struct loopback_cable *cable = dpcm->cable;
> > > > > +
> > > > > + spin_lock_irq(&cable->lock);
> > > > > +
> > > > > + /* check if timer was already opened. It is only opened once
> > > > > + * per playback and capture subdevice (aka cable).
> > > > > + */
> > > > > + if (cable->snd_timer.instance)
> > > > > + goto unlock;
> > > > > +
> > > > > + err = loopback_parse_timer_id(dpcm->loopback->timer_source,
> > &tid);
> > > > > + if (err < 0) {
> > > > > + pcm_err(dpcm->substream->pcm,
> > > > > + "Parsing timer source \'%s\' failed with
> %d",
> > > > > + dpcm->loopback->timer_source, err);
> > > > > + goto unlock;
> > > > > + }
> > > > > +
> > > > > + cable->snd_timer.stream = dpcm->substream->stream;
> > > > > + cable->snd_timer.id = tid;
> > > > > +
> > > > > + timeri = snd_timer_instance_new(dpcm->loopback->card->id);
> > > > > + if (!timeri) {
> > > > > + err = -ENOMEM;
> > > > > + goto unlock;
> > > > > + }
> > > > > + /* The callback has to be called from another tasklet. If
> > > > > + * SNDRV_TIMER_IFLG_FAST is specified it will be called from
> > the
> > > > > + * snd_pcm_period_elapsed() call of the selected sound card.
> > > > > + * snd_pcm_period_elapsed() helds
> > snd_pcm_stream_lock_irqsave().
> > > > > + * Due to our callback loopback_snd_timer_function() also
> > calls
> > > > > + * snd_pcm_period_elapsed() which calls
> > > > snd_pcm_stream_lock_irqsave().
> > > > > + * This would end up in a dead lock.
> > > > > + */
> > > > > + timeri->flags |= SNDRV_TIMER_IFLG_AUTO;
> > > > > + timeri->callback = loopback_snd_timer_function;
> > > > > + timeri->callback_data = (void *)cable;
> > > > > + timeri->ccallback = loopback_snd_timer_event;
> > > > > +
> > > > > + /* snd_timer_close() and snd_timer_open() should not be
> called
> > with
> > > > > + * locked spinlock because both functions can block on a
> > mutex. The
> > > > > + * mutex loopback->cable_lock is kept locked. Therefore
> > > > snd_timer_open()
> > > > > + * cannot be called a second time by the other device of the
> > same
> > > > cable.
> > > > > + * Therefore the following issue cannot happen:
> > > > > + * [proc1] Call loopback_timer_open() ->
> > > > > + * Unlock cable->lock for snd_timer_close/open()
> call
> > > > > + * [proc2] Call loopback_timer_open() -> snd_timer_open(),
> > > > > + * snd_timer_start()
> > > > > + * [proc1] Call snd_timer_open() and overwrite running timer
> > > > > + * instance
> > > > > + */
> > > > > + spin_unlock_irq(&cable->lock);
> > > > > + err = snd_timer_open(timeri, &cable->snd_timer.id, current-
> > >pid);
> > > > > + if (err < 0) {
> > > > > + pcm_err(dpcm->substream->pcm,
> > > > > + "snd_timer_open (%d,%d,%d) failed with %d",
> > > > > + cable->snd_timer.id.card,
> > > > > + cable->snd_timer.id.device,
> > > > > + cable->snd_timer.id.subdevice,
> > > > > + err);
> > > > > + snd_timer_instance_free(timeri);
> > > > > + return err;
> > > > > + }
> > > > > + spin_lock_irq(&cable->lock);
> > > > > +
> > > > > + cable->snd_timer.instance = timeri;
> > > > > +
> > > > > + /* initialise a tasklet used for draining */
> > > > > + tasklet_init(&cable->snd_timer.event_tasklet,
> > > > > + loopback_snd_timer_tasklet, (unsigned
> > long)timeri);
> > > >
> > > > This has to be set before snd_timer_open(). The callback might be
> > > > called immediately after snd_timer_open().
> > >
> > > This tasklet is used/scheduled only in ccallback (not regular tick
> > > callback),
> > > and only for SNDRV_TIMER_EVENT_MSTOP event. Can this event really happen
> > > immediately after snd_timer_open()?
> >
> > Why not? The master timer can be stopped at any time, even between
> > these two lines.
> >
> > Beware that there are fuzzer programs that can trigger such racy
> > things, and you're adding the code to the target that is actively
> > slapped by them :)
>
> OK, got it.
> I'll move this initialization to before snd_timer_open() in the next
> update together with the fixes for the other issues you will find
> in this version.

I have no other issues, so you can just resubmit only that patch,
too.


thanks,

Takashi

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