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Subject[PATCH 3.16 50/83] uprobes/x86: Fix detection of 32-bit user mode
3.16.78-rc1 review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.


From: Sebastian Mayr <>

commit 9212ec7d8357ea630031e89d0d399c761421c83b upstream.

32-bit processes running on a 64-bit kernel are not always detected
correctly, causing the process to crash when uretprobes are installed.

The reason for the crash is that in_ia32_syscall() is used to determine the
process's mode, which only works correctly when called from a syscall.

In the case of uretprobes, however, the function is called from a exception
and always returns 'false' on a 64-bit kernel. In consequence this leads to
corruption of the process's return address.

Fix this by using user_64bit_mode() instead of in_ia32_syscall(), which
is correct in any situation.

[ tglx: Add a comment and the following historical info ]

This should have been detected by the rename which happened in commit

abfb9498ee13 ("x86/entry: Rename is_{ia32,x32}_task() to in_{ia32,x32}_syscall()")

which states in the changelog:

The is_ia32_task()/is_x32_task() function names are a big misnomer: they
suggests that the compat-ness of a system call is a task property, which
is not true, the compatness of a system call purely depends on how it
was invoked through the system call layer.

and then it went and blindly renamed every call site.

Sadly enough this was already mentioned here:

8faaed1b9f50 ("uprobes/x86: Introduce sizeof_long(), cleanup adjust_ret_addr() and

where the changelog says:

TODO: is_ia32_task() is not what we actually want, TS_COMPAT does
not necessarily mean 32bit. Fortunately syscall-like insns can't be
probed so it actually works, but it would be better to rename and
use is_ia32_frame().

and goes all the way back to:

0326f5a94dde ("uprobes/core: Handle breakpoint and singlestep exceptions")

Oh well. 7+ years until someone actually tried a uretprobe on a 32bit
process on a 64bit kernel....

Fixes: 0326f5a94dde ("uprobes/core: Handle breakpoint and singlestep exceptions")
Signed-off-by: Sebastian Mayr <>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <>
Cc: Masami Hiramatsu <>
Cc: Dmitry Safonov <>
Cc: Oleg Nesterov <>
Cc: Srikar Dronamraju <>
[bwh: Backported to 3.16: adjust context]
Signed-off-by: Ben Hutchings <>
arch/x86/kernel/uprobes.c | 17 ++++++++++-------
1 file changed, 10 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

--- a/arch/x86/kernel/uprobes.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/uprobes.c
@@ -455,9 +455,12 @@ struct uprobe_xol_ops {
void (*abort)(struct arch_uprobe *, struct pt_regs *);

-static inline int sizeof_long(void)
+static inline int sizeof_long(struct pt_regs *regs)
- return is_ia32_task() ? 4 : 8;
+ /*
+ * Check registers for mode as in_xxx_syscall() does not apply here.
+ */
+ return user_64bit_mode(regs) ? 8 : 4;

static int default_pre_xol_op(struct arch_uprobe *auprobe, struct pt_regs *regs)
@@ -468,9 +471,9 @@ static int default_pre_xol_op(struct arc

static int push_ret_address(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long ip)
- unsigned long new_sp = regs->sp - sizeof_long();
+ unsigned long new_sp = regs->sp - sizeof_long(regs);

- if (copy_to_user((void __user *)new_sp, &ip, sizeof_long()))
+ if (copy_to_user((void __user *)new_sp, &ip, sizeof_long(regs)))
return -EFAULT;

regs->sp = new_sp;
@@ -503,7 +506,7 @@ static int default_post_xol_op(struct ar
long correction = utask->vaddr - utask->xol_vaddr;
regs->ip += correction;
} else if (auprobe->defparam.fixups & UPROBE_FIX_CALL) {
- regs->sp += sizeof_long(); /* Pop incorrect return address */
+ regs->sp += sizeof_long(regs); /* Pop incorrect return address */
if (push_ret_address(regs, utask->vaddr + auprobe->defparam.ilen))
return -ERESTART;
@@ -612,7 +615,7 @@ static int branch_post_xol_op(struct arc
* "call" insn was executed out-of-line. Just restore ->sp and restart.
* We could also restore ->ip and try to call branch_emulate_op() again.
- regs->sp += sizeof_long();
+ regs->sp += sizeof_long(regs);
return -ERESTART;

@@ -903,7 +906,7 @@ bool arch_uprobe_skip_sstep(struct arch_
unsigned long
arch_uretprobe_hijack_return_addr(unsigned long trampoline_vaddr, struct pt_regs *regs)
- int rasize = sizeof_long(), nleft;
+ int rasize = sizeof_long(regs), nleft;
unsigned long orig_ret_vaddr = 0; /* clear high bits for 32-bit apps */

if (copy_from_user(&orig_ret_vaddr, (void __user *)regs->sp, rasize))
 \ /
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