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SubjectRe: [PATCH linux-kselftest/test v1] Documentation: kunit: add documentation for kunit_tool
On Wed, Nov 13, 2019 at 10:12 AM David Gow <davidgow@google.com> wrote:
>
> On Tue, Nov 12, 2019 at 5:28 PM Brendan Higgins
> <brendanhiggins@google.com> wrote:
> >
> > Add documentation for the Python script used to build, run, and collect
> > results from the kernel known as kunit_tool. kunit_tool
> > (tools/testing/kunit/kunit.py) was already added in previous commits.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Brendan Higgins <brendanhiggins@google.com>
> > ---
> > Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/index.rst | 1 +
> > Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/kunit-tool.rst | 57 ++++++++++++++++++++
> > Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/start.rst | 3 ++
> > 3 files changed, 61 insertions(+)
> > create mode 100644 Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/kunit-tool.rst
> >
> > diff --git a/Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/index.rst b/Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/index.rst
> > index 26ffb46bdf99d..c60d760a0eed1 100644
> > --- a/Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/index.rst
> > +++ b/Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/index.rst
> > @@ -9,6 +9,7 @@ KUnit - Unit Testing for the Linux Kernel
> >
> > start
> > usage
> > + kunit-tool
> > api/index
> > faq
> >
> > diff --git a/Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/kunit-tool.rst b/Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/kunit-tool.rst
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 0000000000000..aa1a93649a45a
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/kunit-tool.rst
> > @@ -0,0 +1,57 @@
> > +.. SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> > +
> > +=================
> > +kunit_tool How-To
> > +=================
> > +
> > +What is kunit_tool?
> > +===================
> > +
> > +kunit_tool is a set of scripts that aid in building the Linux kernel as UML
> > +(`User Mode Linux <http://user-mode-linux.sourceforge.net/old/>`_), running
> > +KUnit tests, parsing the test results and displaying them in a user friendly
> > +manner.
>
> Calling this a "set of scripts" is a bit confusing, as the only script
> described is tools/testing/kunit/kunit.py, which isn't mentioned in
> this section.

Fair enough. Sorry, I think of it as a set of scripts since there is
more than one file, but I guess that probably doesn't make too much
sense to anyone else.

> Also, it may be worth linking to the new version of the UML website
> (even if the old one has more content).

No complaints here. I just linked to what I thought is more helpful.
It isn't immediately obvious to click on the old site (however, you
probably want to since it has way more useful content), but the old
site *is* discoverable from the new site, and the inverse is not true.

> > +
> > +What is a kunitconfig?
> > +======================
> > +
> > +It's just a defconfig that kunit_tool looks for in the base directory.
> > +kunit_tool uses it to generate a .config as you might expect. In addition, it
> > +verifies that the generated .config contains the CONFIG options in the
> > +kunitconfig; the reason it does this is so that it is easy to be sure that a
> > +CONFIG that enables a test actually ends up in the .config.
> > +
> > +How do I use kunit_tool?
> > +=================================
> > +
> > +If a kunitconfig is present at the root directory, all you have to do is:
> > +
> > +.. code-block:: bash
> > +
> > + ./tools/testing/kunit/kunit.py run
> > +
> > +However, you most likely want to use it with the following options:
> > +
> > +.. code-block:: bash
> > +
> > + ./tools/testing/kunit/kunit.py run --timeout=30 --jobs=8
> > +
> > +- ``--timeout`` sets a maximum amount of time to allow tests to run.
> > +- ``--jobs`` sets the number of threads to use to build the kernel.
> > +
>
> Not directly an issue with the documentation, but this does raise the
> question of why we don't have better defaults. Alternatively, maybe

Better defaults, yes-ish: I think Ted's suggestion that we should make
it possible to run KUnit tests from make[1] is correct, and if I
remember correctly, make *does* have a way to set reasonable
system-wide defaults for this (I just don't think anybody takes
advantage of it), so in that case, we should just respect whatever
make wants to do. Consequently, I think the logic in the script should
probably be pretty dumb.

> this doc could suggest --jobs=`nproc` or similar?

Good suggestion, although I would do --jobs=`nproc --all `.

> > +If you just want to use the defconfig that ships with the kernel, you can
> > +append the ``--defconfig`` flag as well:
> > +
> > +.. code-block:: bash
> > +
> > + ./tools/testing/kunit/kunit.py run --timeout=30 --jobs=8 --defconfig
> > +
> > +.. note::
> > + This command is particularly helpful for getting started because it
> > + just works. No kunitconfig needs to be present.
> > +
>
> Should we use this in the getting started section below, then?
> Particularly since we're already going over kunitconfigs there
> separately.

I think that makes sense.

> > +For a list of all the flags supported by kunit_tool, you can run:
> > +
> > +.. code-block:: bash
> > +
>
> Do you think it's worth documenting the remaining two (--build_dir and
> --raw_output) here too?

No. I don't know that I want to set the precedent to document all
flags here. We already document the flags in the code and I don't want
the two to get out of sync. However, it might be feasible to have the
documentation automagically execute the --help command every time it
is built keeping it in sync. I am not sure how much value that would
provide.

> > + ./tools/testing/kunit/kunit.py run --help
[...]

Cheers!

[1] https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=205535

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