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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/2] KVM: X86: Single target IPI fastpath
On Thu, Nov 14, 2019 at 04:44:33PM +0100, Paolo Bonzini wrote:
> On 14/11/19 16:22, Sean Christopherson wrote:
> >> Instead of a separate vcpu->fast_vmexit, perhaps you can set exit_reason
> >> to vmx->exit_reason to -1 if the fast path succeeds.
> >
> > Actually, rather than make this super special case, what about moving the
> > handling into vmx_handle_exit_irqoff()? Practically speaking that would
> > only add ~50 cycles (two VMREADs) relative to the code being run right
> > after kvm_put_guest_xcr0(). It has the advantage of restoring the host's
> > hardware breakpoints, preserving a semi-accurate last_guest_tsc, and
> > running with vcpu->mode set back to OUTSIDE_GUEST_MODE. Hopefully it'd
> > also be more intuitive for people unfamiliar with the code.
>
> Yes, that's a good idea. The expensive bit between handle_exit_irqoff
> and handle_exit is srcu_read_lock, which has two memory barriers in it.

Preaching to the choir at this point, but it'd also eliminate latency
spikes due to interrupts.

> >>> + if (ret == 0)
> >>> + ret = kvm_skip_emulated_instruction(vcpu);
> >> Please move the "kvm_skip_emulated_instruction(vcpu)" to
> >> vmx_handle_exit, so that this basically is
> >>
> >> #define EXIT_REASON_NEED_SKIP_EMULATED_INSN -1
> >>
> >> if (ret == 0)
> >> vcpu->exit_reason = EXIT_REASON_NEED_SKIP_EMULATED_INSN;
> >>
> >> and handle_ipi_fastpath can return void.
> >
> > I'd rather we add a dedicated variable to say the exit has already been
> > handled. Overloading exit_reason is bound to cause confusion, and that's
> > probably a best case scenario.
>
> I proposed the fake exit reason to avoid a ternary return code from
> handle_ipi_fastpath (return to guest, return to userspace, call
> kvm_x86_ops->handle_exit), which Wanpeng's patch was mishandling.

For this case, I think we can get away with a WARN if kvm_lapic_reg_write()
fails since it (currently) can't fail for ICR. That would allow us to keep
a void return for ->handle_exit_irqoff() and avoid an overloaded return
value.

And, if the fastpath is used for all ICR writes, not just FIXED+PHYSICAL,
and is implemented for SVM, then we don't even need a a flag, e.g.
kvm_x2apic_msr_write() can simply ignore ICR writes, similar to how
handle_exception() ignores #MC and NMIs.

diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.c b/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.c
index 87b0fcc23ef8..d7b79f7faac1 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.c
@@ -2615,12 +2615,11 @@ int kvm_x2apic_msr_write(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u32 msr, u64 data)
if (!lapic_in_kernel(vcpu) || !apic_x2apic_mode(apic))
return 1;

- if (reg == APIC_ICR2)
+
+ /* ICR2 writes are ignored and ICR writes are handled early. */
+ if (reg == APIC_ICR2 || reg == APIC_ICR)
return 1;

- /* if this is ICR write vector before command */
- if (reg == APIC_ICR)
- kvm_lapic_reg_write(apic, APIC_ICR2, (u32)(data >> 32));
return kvm_lapic_reg_write(apic, reg, (u32)data);
}

Another bonus to this approach is that the refactoring for the
exit_reason can be done in a separate series.
> To ensure confusion does not become the best case scenario, perhaps it
> is worth trying to push exit_reason into vcpu_enter_guest's stack.
> vcpu_enter_guest can pass a pointer to it, and then it can be passed
> back into kvm_x86_ops->handle_exit{,_irqoff}. It could be a struct too,
> instead of just a bare u32.

On the other hand, if it's a bare u32 then kvm_x86_ops->run can simply
return the value instead of doing out parameter shenanigans.

> This would ensure at compile-time that exit_reason is not accessed
> outside the short path from vmexit to kvm_x86_ops->handle_exit.

That would be nice. Surprisingly, the code actually appears to be fairly
clean, I thought for sure the nested stuff would be using exit_reason all
over the place. The only one that needs to be fixed is handle_vmfunc(),
which passes vmx->exit_reason when forwarding the VM-Exit instead of simply
hardcoding EXIT_REASON_VMFUNC.

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