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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 04/23] mm: devmap: refactor 1-based refcounting for ZONE_DEVICE pages
On Wed, Nov 13, 2019 at 11:23 AM Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> wrote:
>
> On Tue, Nov 12, 2019 at 8:27 PM John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com> wrote:
> >
> > An upcoming patch changes and complicates the refcounting and
> > especially the "put page" aspects of it. In order to keep
> > everything clean, refactor the devmap page release routines:
> >
> > * Rename put_devmap_managed_page() to page_is_devmap_managed(),
> > and limit the functionality to "read only": return a bool,
> > with no side effects.
> >
> > * Add a new routine, put_devmap_managed_page(), to handle checking
> > what kind of page it is, and what kind of refcount handling it
> > requires.
> >
> > * Rename __put_devmap_managed_page() to free_devmap_managed_page(),
> > and limit the functionality to unconditionally freeing a devmap
> > page.
> >
> > This is originally based on a separate patch by Ira Weiny, which
> > applied to an early version of the put_user_page() experiments.
> > Since then, Jérôme Glisse suggested the refactoring described above.
> >
> > Suggested-by: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>
> > Signed-off-by: John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com>
> > ---
> > include/linux/mm.h | 27 ++++++++++++++++---
> > mm/memremap.c | 67 ++++++++++++++++++++--------------------------
> > 2 files changed, 53 insertions(+), 41 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
> > index a2adf95b3f9c..96228376139c 100644
> > --- a/include/linux/mm.h
> > +++ b/include/linux/mm.h
> > @@ -967,9 +967,10 @@ static inline bool is_zone_device_page(const struct page *page)
> > #endif
> >
> > #ifdef CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS
> > -void __put_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page);
> > +void free_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page);
> > DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(devmap_managed_key);
> > -static inline bool put_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page)
> > +
> > +static inline bool page_is_devmap_managed(struct page *page)
> > {
> > if (!static_branch_unlikely(&devmap_managed_key))
> > return false;
> > @@ -978,7 +979,6 @@ static inline bool put_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page)
> > switch (page->pgmap->type) {
> > case MEMORY_DEVICE_PRIVATE:
> > case MEMORY_DEVICE_FS_DAX:
> > - __put_devmap_managed_page(page);
> > return true;
> > default:
> > break;
> > @@ -986,6 +986,27 @@ static inline bool put_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page)
> > return false;
> > }
> >
> > +static inline bool put_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page)
> > +{
> > + bool is_devmap = page_is_devmap_managed(page);
> > +
> > + if (is_devmap) {
> > + int count = page_ref_dec_return(page);
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * devmap page refcounts are 1-based, rather than 0-based: if
> > + * refcount is 1, then the page is free and the refcount is
> > + * stable because nobody holds a reference on the page.
> > + */
> > + if (count == 1)
> > + free_devmap_managed_page(page);
> > + else if (!count)
> > + __put_page(page);
> > + }
> > +
> > + return is_devmap;
> > +}
> > +
> > #else /* CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS */
> > static inline bool put_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page)
> > {
> > diff --git a/mm/memremap.c b/mm/memremap.c
> > index 03ccbdfeb697..bc7e2a27d025 100644
> > --- a/mm/memremap.c
> > +++ b/mm/memremap.c
> > @@ -410,48 +410,39 @@ struct dev_pagemap *get_dev_pagemap(unsigned long pfn,
> > EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_dev_pagemap);
> >
> > #ifdef CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS
> > -void __put_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page)
> > +void free_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page)
> > {
> > - int count = page_ref_dec_return(page);
> > + /* Clear Active bit in case of parallel mark_page_accessed */
> > + __ClearPageActive(page);
> > + __ClearPageWaiters(page);
> > +
> > + mem_cgroup_uncharge(page);
>
> Ugh, when did all this HMM specific manipulation sneak into the
> generic ZONE_DEVICE path? It used to be gated by pgmap type with its
> own put_zone_device_private_page(). For example it's certainly
> unnecessary and might be broken (would need to check) to call
> mem_cgroup_uncharge() on a DAX page. ZONE_DEVICE users are not a
> monolith and the HMM use case leaks pages into code paths that DAX
> explicitly avoids.

It's been this way for a while and I did not react previously,
apologies for that. I think __ClearPageActive, __ClearPageWaiters, and
mem_cgroup_uncharge, belong behind a device-private conditional. The
history here is:

Move some, but not all HMM specifics to hmm_devmem_free():
2fa147bdbf67 mm, dev_pagemap: Do not clear ->mapping on final put

Remove the clearing of mapping since no upstream consumers needed it:
b7a523109fb5 mm: don't clear ->mapping in hmm_devmem_free

Add it back in once an upstream consumer arrived:
7ab0ad0e74f8 mm/hmm: fix ZONE_DEVICE anon page mapping reuse

We're now almost entirely free of ->page_free callbacks except for
that weird nouveau case, can that FIXME in nouveau_dmem_page_free()
also result in killing the ->page_free() callback altogether? In the
meantime I'm proposing a cleanup like this:

diff --git a/drivers/nvdimm/pmem.c b/drivers/nvdimm/pmem.c
index ad8e4df1282b..4eae441f86c9 100644
--- a/drivers/nvdimm/pmem.c
+++ b/drivers/nvdimm/pmem.c
@@ -337,13 +337,7 @@ static void pmem_release_disk(void *__pmem)
put_disk(pmem->disk);
}

-static void pmem_pagemap_page_free(struct page *page)
-{
- wake_up_var(&page->_refcount);
-}
-
static const struct dev_pagemap_ops fsdax_pagemap_ops = {
- .page_free = pmem_pagemap_page_free,
.kill = pmem_pagemap_kill,
.cleanup = pmem_pagemap_cleanup,
};
diff --git a/mm/memremap.c b/mm/memremap.c
index 03ccbdfeb697..157edb8f7cf8 100644
--- a/mm/memremap.c
+++ b/mm/memremap.c
@@ -419,12 +419,6 @@ void __put_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page)
* holds a reference on the page.
*/
if (count == 1) {
- /* Clear Active bit in case of parallel mark_page_accessed */
- __ClearPageActive(page);
- __ClearPageWaiters(page);
-
- mem_cgroup_uncharge(page);
-
/*
* When a device_private page is freed, the page->mapping field
* may still contain a (stale) mapping value. For example, the
@@ -446,10 +440,17 @@ void __put_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page)
* handled differently or not done at all, so there is no need
* to clear page->mapping.
*/
- if (is_device_private_page(page))
- page->mapping = NULL;
+ if (is_device_private_page(page)) {
+ /* Clear Active bit in case of parallel
mark_page_accessed */
+ __ClearPageActive(page);
+ __ClearPageWaiters(page);

- page->pgmap->ops->page_free(page);
+ mem_cgroup_uncharge(page);
+
+ page->mapping = NULL;
+ page->pgmap->ops->page_free(page);
+ } else
+ wake_up_var(&page->_refcount);
} else if (!count)
__put_page(page);
}
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