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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH] efi: arm64: Introduce /sys/firmware/efi/memreserve to tell the persistent pages
On Wed, Nov 13, 2019 at 07:59:04AM +0000, d.hatayama@fujitsu.com wrote:
> > From: Masayoshi Mizuma <m.mizuma@jp.fujitsu.com>
> >
> > kexec reboot stucks because efi_config_parse_tables() refers garbage
> > (with memblock=debug):
> >
> > efi: ACPI 2.0=0x9821790014 PROP=0x8757f5c0 SMBIOS 3.0=0x9820740000
> > MEMRESERVE=0x9820bfdc58
> > memblock_reserve: [0x0000009820bfdc58-0x0000009820bfdc67]
> > efi_config_parse_tables+0x228/0x278
> > memblock_reserve: [0x0000000082760000-0x00000000324d07ff]
> > efi_config_parse_tables+0x228/0x278
> > memblock_reserve: [0xcc4f84ecc0511670-0x5f6e5214a7fd91f9]
> > efi_config_parse_tables+0x244/0x278
> > memblock_reserve: [0xd2fd4144b9af693d-0xad0c1db1086f40a2]
> > efi_config_parse_tables+0x244/0x278
> > memblock_reserve: [0x0c719bb159b1fadc-0x5aa6e62a1417ce12]
> > efi_config_parse_tables+0x244/0x278
> > ...
> >
> > That happens because 0x82760000, struct linux_efi_memreserve, is destroyed.
> > 0x82760000 is pointed from efi.mem_reseve, and efi.mem_reserve points the
> > head page of pending table and prop table which are allocated by
> > gic_reserve_range().
> >
> > The destroyer is kexec. kexec locates the inird to the area:
> >
> > # kexec -d -l /boot/vmlinuz-5.4.0-rc7 /boot/initramfs-5.4.0-rc7.img
> > --reuse-cmdline
> > ...
> > initrd: base 82290000, size 388dd8ah (59301258)
> > ...
> >
> > From dynamic debug log:
> > machine_kexec_prepare:70:
> > kexec kimage info:
> > type: 0
> > start: 85b30680
> > head: 0
> > nr_segments: 4
> > segment[0]: 0000000080480000 - 0000000082290000, 0x1e10000 bytes, 481
> > pages
> > segment[1]: 0000000082290000 - 0000000085b20000, 0x3890000 bytes, 905
> > pages
> > segment[2]: 0000000085b20000 - 0000000085b30000, 0x10000 bytes, 1
> > pages
> > segment[3]: 0000000085b30000 - 0000000085b40000, 0x10000 bytes, 1
> > pages
> >
> > kexec searches the appropriate memory region to locate initrd through "System
> > RAM"
> > in /proc/iomem. The pending tables are included in "System RAM" because they
> > are
> > allocated by alloc_pages(), so kexec destroys the pending tables.
> >
> > Introduce /sys/firmware/efi/memreserve to tell the pages pointed by
> > efi.mem_reserve
> > so that kexec can avoid the area to locate initrd.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Masayoshi Mizuma <m.mizuma@jp.fujitsu.com>
> > ---
> > drivers/firmware/efi/efi.c | 32 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
> > 1 file changed, 31 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/firmware/efi/efi.c b/drivers/firmware/efi/efi.c
> > index e98bbf8e5..67b21ae7a 100644
> > --- a/drivers/firmware/efi/efi.c
> > +++ b/drivers/firmware/efi/efi.c
> > @@ -141,6 +141,36 @@ static ssize_t systab_show(struct kobject *kobj,
> >
> > static struct kobj_attribute efi_attr_systab = __ATTR_RO_MODE(systab, 0400);
> >
> > +static struct linux_efi_memreserve *efi_memreserve_root __ro_after_init;
> > +static ssize_t memreserve_show(struct kobject *kobj,
> > + struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf)
> > +{
> > + struct linux_efi_memreserve *rsv;
> > + unsigned long prsv;
> > + char *str = buf;
> > + int index, i;
> > +
> > + if (!kobj || !buf)
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > + if (!efi_memreserve_root)
> > + return -ENODEV;
>
> Other functions use different conditions.
> The latter efi_memreserve_root == (void *)ULONG_MAX is correct?
>
> static int __init efi_memreserve_map_root(void)
> {
> if (efi.mem_reserve == EFI_INVALID_TABLE_ADDR)
> return -ENODEV;
> int __ref efi_mem_reserve_persistent(phys_addr_t addr, u64 size)
> {
> struct linux_efi_memreserve *rsv;
> unsigned long prsv;
> int rc, index;
>
> if (efi_memreserve_root == (void *)ULONG_MAX)
> return -ENODEV;

I think it's better to add both checks like as:

if ((efi_memreserve_root == (void *)ULONG_MAX) ||
(!efi_memreserve_root))
return -ENODEV;
>
> > +
> > + for (prsv = efi_memreserve_root->next; prsv; prsv = rsv->next) {
> > + rsv = memremap(prsv, sizeof(*rsv), MEMREMAP_WB);
>
> memremap() could fail with NULL as a return value.
> You need to deal with such case.
>
> It looks to me efi_mem_reserve_persistent() also doesn't deal with this.
> Maybe you should fix this, too.

OK, I'll post a patch sepaletely to add the sanity check.
>
> > + index = atomic_read(&rsv->count);
> > + for (i = 0; i < index; i++)
> > + str += sprintf(str, "%llx-%llx\n",
> > + rsv->entry[i].base,
> > + rsv->entry[i].base + rsv->entry[i].size -
> > 1);
>
> Is memreserve supported on 32-bit system?
> If so, phy_addr_t could have a type of 4-byte length in such system
> (not so if with PAE) and then %llx could lead to inconsistent type error.
> It's enough to add a cast to unsigned long long.

Good catch. I'll modify the sprintf() format to
use %pa like as:

phys_addr_t start, end;

for (i = 0; i < index; i++) {
start = rsv->entry[i].base;
end = start + rsv->entry[i].size - 1;
str += sprintf(str, "%pa-%pa\n", &start, &end);
}
Thanks,
Masa
>
> > + memunmap(rsv);
> > + }
> > +
> > + return str - buf;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static struct kobj_attribute efi_attr_memreserve =
> > __ATTR_RO_MODE(memreserve, 0444);
> > +
> > #define EFI_FIELD(var) efi.var
> >
> > #define EFI_ATTR_SHOW(name) \
> > @@ -172,6 +202,7 @@ static struct attribute *efi_subsys_attrs[] = {
> > &efi_attr_runtime.attr,
> > &efi_attr_config_table.attr,
> > &efi_attr_fw_platform_size.attr,
> > + &efi_attr_memreserve.attr,
> > NULL,
> > };
> >
> > @@ -955,7 +986,6 @@ int efi_status_to_err(efi_status_t status)
> > }
> >
> > static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(efi_mem_reserve_persistent_lock);
> > -static struct linux_efi_memreserve *efi_memreserve_root __ro_after_init;
> >
> > static int __init efi_memreserve_map_root(void)
> > {
> > --
> > 2.18.1
>

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