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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 04/23] mm: devmap: refactor 1-based refcounting for ZONE_DEVICE pages
On Tue, Nov 12, 2019 at 8:27 PM John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com> wrote:
>
> An upcoming patch changes and complicates the refcounting and
> especially the "put page" aspects of it. In order to keep
> everything clean, refactor the devmap page release routines:
>
> * Rename put_devmap_managed_page() to page_is_devmap_managed(),
> and limit the functionality to "read only": return a bool,
> with no side effects.
>
> * Add a new routine, put_devmap_managed_page(), to handle checking
> what kind of page it is, and what kind of refcount handling it
> requires.
>
> * Rename __put_devmap_managed_page() to free_devmap_managed_page(),
> and limit the functionality to unconditionally freeing a devmap
> page.
>
> This is originally based on a separate patch by Ira Weiny, which
> applied to an early version of the put_user_page() experiments.
> Since then, Jérôme Glisse suggested the refactoring described above.
>
> Suggested-by: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
> Signed-off-by: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>
> Signed-off-by: John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com>
> ---
> include/linux/mm.h | 27 ++++++++++++++++---
> mm/memremap.c | 67 ++++++++++++++++++++--------------------------
> 2 files changed, 53 insertions(+), 41 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
> index a2adf95b3f9c..96228376139c 100644
> --- a/include/linux/mm.h
> +++ b/include/linux/mm.h
> @@ -967,9 +967,10 @@ static inline bool is_zone_device_page(const struct page *page)
> #endif
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS
> -void __put_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page);
> +void free_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page);
> DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(devmap_managed_key);
> -static inline bool put_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page)
> +
> +static inline bool page_is_devmap_managed(struct page *page)
> {
> if (!static_branch_unlikely(&devmap_managed_key))
> return false;
> @@ -978,7 +979,6 @@ static inline bool put_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page)
> switch (page->pgmap->type) {
> case MEMORY_DEVICE_PRIVATE:
> case MEMORY_DEVICE_FS_DAX:
> - __put_devmap_managed_page(page);
> return true;
> default:
> break;
> @@ -986,6 +986,27 @@ static inline bool put_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page)
> return false;
> }
>
> +static inline bool put_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page)
> +{
> + bool is_devmap = page_is_devmap_managed(page);
> +
> + if (is_devmap) {
> + int count = page_ref_dec_return(page);
> +
> + /*
> + * devmap page refcounts are 1-based, rather than 0-based: if
> + * refcount is 1, then the page is free and the refcount is
> + * stable because nobody holds a reference on the page.
> + */
> + if (count == 1)
> + free_devmap_managed_page(page);
> + else if (!count)
> + __put_page(page);
> + }
> +
> + return is_devmap;
> +}
> +
> #else /* CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS */
> static inline bool put_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page)
> {
> diff --git a/mm/memremap.c b/mm/memremap.c
> index 03ccbdfeb697..bc7e2a27d025 100644
> --- a/mm/memremap.c
> +++ b/mm/memremap.c
> @@ -410,48 +410,39 @@ struct dev_pagemap *get_dev_pagemap(unsigned long pfn,
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_dev_pagemap);
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS
> -void __put_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page)
> +void free_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page)
> {
> - int count = page_ref_dec_return(page);
> + /* Clear Active bit in case of parallel mark_page_accessed */
> + __ClearPageActive(page);
> + __ClearPageWaiters(page);
> +
> + mem_cgroup_uncharge(page);

Ugh, when did all this HMM specific manipulation sneak into the
generic ZONE_DEVICE path? It used to be gated by pgmap type with its
own put_zone_device_private_page(). For example it's certainly
unnecessary and might be broken (would need to check) to call
mem_cgroup_uncharge() on a DAX page. ZONE_DEVICE users are not a
monolith and the HMM use case leaks pages into code paths that DAX
explicitly avoids.

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