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SubjectRe: [PATCH linux-kselftest/test v1] Documentation: kunit: add documentation for kunit_tool
On Tue, Nov 12, 2019 at 5:28 PM Brendan Higgins
<brendanhiggins@google.com> wrote:
>
> Add documentation for the Python script used to build, run, and collect
> results from the kernel known as kunit_tool. kunit_tool
> (tools/testing/kunit/kunit.py) was already added in previous commits.
>
> Signed-off-by: Brendan Higgins <brendanhiggins@google.com>
> ---
> Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/index.rst | 1 +
> Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/kunit-tool.rst | 57 ++++++++++++++++++++
> Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/start.rst | 3 ++
> 3 files changed, 61 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/kunit-tool.rst
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/index.rst b/Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/index.rst
> index 26ffb46bdf99d..c60d760a0eed1 100644
> --- a/Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/index.rst
> +++ b/Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/index.rst
> @@ -9,6 +9,7 @@ KUnit - Unit Testing for the Linux Kernel
>
> start
> usage
> + kunit-tool
> api/index
> faq
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/kunit-tool.rst b/Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/kunit-tool.rst
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000000000..aa1a93649a45a
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/kunit-tool.rst
> @@ -0,0 +1,57 @@
> +.. SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> +
> +=================
> +kunit_tool How-To
> +=================
> +
> +What is kunit_tool?
> +===================
> +
> +kunit_tool is a set of scripts that aid in building the Linux kernel as UML
> +(`User Mode Linux <http://user-mode-linux.sourceforge.net/old/>`_), running
> +KUnit tests, parsing the test results and displaying them in a user friendly
> +manner.

Calling this a "set of scripts" is a bit confusing, as the only script
described is tools/testing/kunit/kunit.py, which isn't mentioned in
this section.

Also, it may be worth linking to the new version of the UML website
(even if the old one has more content).

> +
> +What is a kunitconfig?
> +======================
> +
> +It's just a defconfig that kunit_tool looks for in the base directory.
> +kunit_tool uses it to generate a .config as you might expect. In addition, it
> +verifies that the generated .config contains the CONFIG options in the
> +kunitconfig; the reason it does this is so that it is easy to be sure that a
> +CONFIG that enables a test actually ends up in the .config.
> +
> +How do I use kunit_tool?
> +=================================
> +
> +If a kunitconfig is present at the root directory, all you have to do is:
> +
> +.. code-block:: bash
> +
> + ./tools/testing/kunit/kunit.py run
> +
> +However, you most likely want to use it with the following options:
> +
> +.. code-block:: bash
> +
> + ./tools/testing/kunit/kunit.py run --timeout=30 --jobs=8
> +
> +- ``--timeout`` sets a maximum amount of time to allow tests to run.
> +- ``--jobs`` sets the number of threads to use to build the kernel.
> +

Not directly an issue with the documentation, but this does raise the
question of why we don't have better defaults. Alternatively, maybe
this doc could suggest --jobs=`nproc` or similar?

> +If you just want to use the defconfig that ships with the kernel, you can
> +append the ``--defconfig`` flag as well:
> +
> +.. code-block:: bash
> +
> + ./tools/testing/kunit/kunit.py run --timeout=30 --jobs=8 --defconfig
> +
> +.. note::
> + This command is particularly helpful for getting started because it
> + just works. No kunitconfig needs to be present.
> +

Should we use this in the getting started section below, then?
Particularly since we're already going over kunitconfigs there
separately.

> +For a list of all the flags supported by kunit_tool, you can run:
> +
> +.. code-block:: bash
> +

Do you think it's worth documenting the remaining two (--build_dir and
--raw_output) here too?

> + ./tools/testing/kunit/kunit.py run --help
> diff --git a/Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/start.rst b/Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/start.rst
> index aeeddfafeea20..1535c4394cfa2 100644
> --- a/Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/start.rst
> +++ b/Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/start.rst
> @@ -21,6 +21,9 @@ The wrapper can be run with:
>
> ./tools/testing/kunit/kunit.py run
>
> +For more information on this wrapper (also called kunit_tool) checkout the
> +:doc:`kunit-tool` page.
> +
> Creating a kunitconfig
> ======================
> The Python script is a thin wrapper around Kbuild as such, it needs to be
> --
> 2.24.0.432.g9d3f5f5b63-goog
>

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