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Subject[PATCH] iio: adc: max9611: Fix too short conversion time delay
As of commit b9ddd5091160793e ("iio: adc: max9611: Fix temperature
reading in probe"), max9611 initialization sometimes fails on the
Salvator-X(S) development board with:

max9611 4-007f: Invalid value received from ADC 0x8000: aborting
max9611: probe of 4-007f failed with error -5

The max9611 driver tests communications with the chip by reading the die
temperature during the probe function, which returns an invalid value.

According to the datasheet, the typical ADC conversion time is 2 ms, but
no minimum or maximum values are provided. However, the driver assumes
a 1 ms conversion time. Usually the usleep_range() call returns after
more than 1.8 ms, hence it succeeds. When it returns earlier, the data
register may be read too early, and the previous measurement value will
be returned. After boot, this is the temperature POR (power-on reset)
value, causing the failure above.

Fix this by increasing the delay from 1000-2000 µs to 2000-2200 µs.

Note that this issue has always been present, but it was exposed by the
aformentioned commit.

Fixes: 69780a3bbc0b1e7e ("iio: adc: Add Maxim max9611 ADC driver")
Signed-off-by: Geert Uytterhoeven <>
This problem was exposed in v5.3.

After this patch, probing of the two max9611 sensors succeeded during
ca. 3000 boot cycles on Salvator-X(S) boards, equipped with various
R-Car H3/M3-W/M3-N SoCs.
drivers/iio/adc/max9611.c | 11 ++++++++---
1 file changed, 8 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/iio/adc/max9611.c b/drivers/iio/adc/max9611.c
index da073d72f649f829..b0755f25356d700d 100644
--- a/drivers/iio/adc/max9611.c
+++ b/drivers/iio/adc/max9611.c
@@ -89,6 +89,11 @@
#define MAX9611_TEMP_SCALE_NUM 1000000
#define MAX9611_TEMP_SCALE_DIV 2083

+ * Conversion time is 2 ms (typically)
+ */
+#define MAX9611_CONV_TIME_US_RANGE 2000, 2200
struct max9611_dev {
struct device *dev;
struct i2c_client *i2c_client;
@@ -238,9 +243,9 @@ static int max9611_read_single(struct max9611_dev *max9611,

* need a delay here to make register configuration
- * stabilize. 1 msec at least, from empirical testing.
+ * stabilize.
- usleep_range(1000, 2000);
+ usleep_range(MAX9611_CONV_TIME_US_RANGE);

ret = i2c_smbus_read_word_swapped(max9611->i2c_client, reg_addr);
if (ret < 0) {
@@ -507,7 +512,7 @@ static int max9611_init(struct max9611_dev *max9611)
MAX9611_REG_CTRL2, 0);
return ret;
- usleep_range(1000, 2000);
+ usleep_range(MAX9611_CONV_TIME_US_RANGE);

return 0;
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