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Subject[PATCH v4 00/23] mm/gup: track dma-pinned pages: FOLL_PIN, FOLL_LONGTERM
OK, here we go. Any VFIO and Infiniband runtime testing from anyone, is
especially welcome here.

Changes since v3:

* VFIO fix (patch 8): applied further cleanup: removed a pre-existing,
unnecessary release and reacquire of mmap_sem. Moved the DAX vma
checks from the vfio call site, to gup internals, and added comments
(and commit log) to clarify.

* Due to the above, made a corresponding fix to the
pin_longterm_pages_remote(), which was actually calling the wrong
gup internal function.

* Changed put_user_page() comments, to refer to pin*() APIs, rather than
get_user_pages*() APIs.

* Reverted an accidental whitespace-only change in the IB ODP code.

* Added a few more reviewed-by tags.

Changes since v2:

* Added a patch to convert IB/umem from normal gup, to gup_fast(). This
is also posted separately, in order to hopefully get some runtime

* Changed the page devmap code to be a little clearer,
thanks to Jerome for that.

* Split out the page devmap changes into a separate patch (and moved
Ira's Signed-off-by to that patch).

* Fixed my bug in IB: ODP code does not require pin_user_pages()
semantics. Therefore, revert the put_user_page() calls to put_page(),
and leave the get_user_pages() call as-is.

* As part of the revert, I am proposing here a change directly
from put_user_pages(), to release_pages(). I'd feel better if
someone agrees that this is the best way. It uses the more
efficient release_pages(), instead of put_page() in a loop,
and keep the change to just a few character on one line,
but OTOH it is not a pure revert.

* Loosened the FOLL_LONGTERM restrictions in the
__get_user_pages_locked() implementation, and used that in order
to fix up a VFIO bug. Thanks to Jason for that idea.

* Note the use of release_pages() in IB: is that OK?

* Added a few more WARN's and clarifying comments nearby.

* Many documentation improvements in various comments.

* Moved the new pin_user_pages.rst from Documentation/vm/ to
Documentation/core-api/ .

* Commit descriptions: added clarifying notes to the three patches
(drm/via, fs/io_uring, net/xdp) that already had put_user_page()
calls in place.

* Collected all pending Reviewed-by and Acked-by tags, from v1 and v2
email threads.

* Lot of churn from v2 --> v3, so it's possible that new bugs
sneaked in.

NOT DONE: separate patchset is required:

* __get_user_pages_locked(): stop compensating for
buggy callers who failed to set FOLL_GET. Instead, assert
that FOLL_GET is set (and fail if it's not).

Original cover letter (edited to fix up the patch description numbers)

This applies cleanly to linux-next and mmotm, and also to linux.git if
linux-next's commit 20cac10710c9 ("mm/gup_benchmark: fix MAP_HUGETLB
case") is first applied there.

This provides tracking of dma-pinned pages. This is a prerequisite to
solving the larger problem of proper interactions between file-backed
pages, and [R]DMA activities, as discussed in [1], [2], [3], and in
a remarkable number of email threads since about 2017. :)

A new internal gup flag, FOLL_PIN is introduced, and thoroughly
documented in the last patch's Documentation/vm/pin_user_pages.rst.

I believe that this will provide a good starting point for doing the
layout lease work that Ira Weiny has been working on. That's because
these new wrapper functions provide a clean, constrained, systematically
named set of functionality that, again, is required in order to even
know if a page is "dma-pinned".

In contrast to earlier approaches, the page tracking can be
incrementally applied to the kernel call sites that, until now, have
been simply calling get_user_pages() ("gup"). In other words, opt-in by
changing from this:

get_user_pages() (sets FOLL_GET)

to this:
pin_user_pages() (sets FOLL_PIN)

Because there are interdependencies with FOLL_LONGTERM, a similar
conversion as for FOLL_PIN, was applied. The change was from this:

get_user_pages(FOLL_LONGTERM) (also sets FOLL_GET)

to this:
pin_longterm_pages() (sets FOLL_PIN | FOLL_LONGTERM)

Patch summary:

* Patches 1-8: refactoring and preparatory cleanup, independent fixes

* Patch 9: introduce pin_user_pages(), FOLL_PIN, but no functional
changes yet
* Patches 10-15: Convert existing put_user_page() callers, to use the
new pin*()
* Patch 16: Activate tracking of FOLL_PIN pages.
* Patches 17-19: convert FOLL_LONGTERM callers
* Patches: 20-22: gup_benchmark and run_vmtests support
* Patch 23: enforce FOLL_LONGTERM as a gup-internal (only) flag


* I've done some overall kernel testing (LTP, and a few other goodies),
and some directed testing to exercise some of the changes. And as you
can see, gup_benchmark is enhanced to exercise this. Basically, I've been
able to runtime test the core get_user_pages() and pin_user_pages() and
related routines, but not so much on several of the call sites--but those
are generally just a couple of lines changed, each.

Not much of the kernel is actually using this, which on one hand
reduces risk quite a lot. But on the other hand, testing coverage
is low. So I'd love it if, in particular, the Infiniband and PowerPC
folks could do a smoke test of this series for me.

Also, my runtime testing for the call sites so far is very weak:

* io_uring: Some directed tests from liburing exercise this, and they pass.
* process_vm_access.c: A small directed test passes.
* gup_benchmark: the enhanced version hits the new gup.c code, and passes.
* infiniband (still only have crude "IB pingpong" working, on a
good day: it's not exercising my conversions at runtime...)
* VFIO: compiles (I'm vowing to set up a run time test soon, but it's
not ready just yet)
* powerpc: it compiles...
* drm/via: compiles...
* goldfish: compiles...
* net/xdp: compiles...
* media/v4l2: compiles...


* Get the block/bio_vec sites converted to use pin_user_pages().

* Work with Ira and Dave Chinner to weave this together with the
layout lease stuff.


[1] Some slow progress on get_user_pages() (Apr 2, 2019):
[2] DMA and get_user_pages() (LPC: Dec 12, 2018):
[3] The trouble with get_user_pages() (Apr 30, 2018):

John Hubbard (23):
mm/gup: pass flags arg to __gup_device_* functions
mm/gup: factor out duplicate code from four routines
mm/gup: move try_get_compound_head() to top, fix minor issues
mm: devmap: refactor 1-based refcounting for ZONE_DEVICE pages
goldish_pipe: rename local pin_user_pages() routine
IB/umem: use get_user_pages_fast() to pin DMA pages
media/v4l2-core: set pages dirty upon releasing DMA buffers
vfio, mm: fix get_user_pages_remote() and FOLL_LONGTERM
mm/gup: introduce pin_user_pages*() and FOLL_PIN
goldish_pipe: convert to pin_user_pages() and put_user_page()
IB/{core,hw,umem}: set FOLL_PIN, FOLL_LONGTERM via
mm/process_vm_access: set FOLL_PIN via pin_user_pages_remote()
drm/via: set FOLL_PIN via pin_user_pages_fast()
fs/io_uring: set FOLL_PIN via pin_user_pages()
net/xdp: set FOLL_PIN via pin_user_pages()
mm/gup: track FOLL_PIN pages
media/v4l2-core: pin_longterm_pages (FOLL_PIN) and put_user_page()
vfio, mm: pin_longterm_pages (FOLL_PIN) and put_user_page() conversion
powerpc: book3s64: convert to pin_longterm_pages() and put_user_page()
mm/gup_benchmark: use proper FOLL_WRITE flags instead of hard-coding
mm/gup_benchmark: support pin_user_pages() and related calls
selftests/vm: run_vmtests: invoke gup_benchmark with basic FOLL_PIN
mm/gup: remove support for gup(FOLL_LONGTERM)

Documentation/core-api/index.rst | 1 +
Documentation/core-api/pin_user_pages.rst | 218 +++++++
arch/powerpc/mm/book3s64/iommu_api.c | 15 +-
drivers/gpu/drm/via/via_dmablit.c | 2 +-
drivers/infiniband/core/umem.c | 17 +-
drivers/infiniband/core/umem_odp.c | 13 +-
drivers/infiniband/hw/hfi1/user_pages.c | 4 +-
drivers/infiniband/hw/mthca/mthca_memfree.c | 3 +-
drivers/infiniband/hw/qib/qib_user_pages.c | 8 +-
drivers/infiniband/hw/qib/qib_user_sdma.c | 2 +-
drivers/infiniband/hw/usnic/usnic_uiom.c | 9 +-
drivers/infiniband/sw/siw/siw_mem.c | 5 +-
drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf-dma-sg.c | 10 +-
drivers/platform/goldfish/goldfish_pipe.c | 35 +-
drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c | 30 +-
fs/io_uring.c | 5 +-
include/linux/mm.h | 164 ++++-
include/linux/mmzone.h | 2 +
include/linux/page_ref.h | 10 +
mm/gup.c | 636 ++++++++++++++++----
mm/gup_benchmark.c | 87 ++-
mm/huge_memory.c | 54 +-
mm/hugetlb.c | 39 +-
mm/memremap.c | 67 +--
mm/process_vm_access.c | 28 +-
mm/vmstat.c | 2 +
net/xdp/xdp_umem.c | 4 +-
tools/testing/selftests/vm/gup_benchmark.c | 34 +-
tools/testing/selftests/vm/run_vmtests | 22 +
29 files changed, 1191 insertions(+), 335 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 Documentation/core-api/pin_user_pages.rst


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