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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2] PCI: PM: Move to D0 before calling pci_legacy_resume_early()
On Tue, Oct 08, 2019 at 07:32:27PM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> On 10/7/2019 8:57 PM, Dexuan Cui wrote:
> > > -----Original Message-----
> > > From: Bjorn Helgaas <helgaas@kernel.org>
> > > Sent: Monday, October 7, 2019 6:24 AM
> > > To: Dexuan Cui <decui@microsoft.com>
> > > Cc: lorenzo.pieralisi@arm.com; linux-pci@vger.kernel.org; Michael Kelley
> > > <mikelley@microsoft.com>; linux-hyperv@vger.kernel.org;
> > > linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org; driverdev-devel@linuxdriverproject.org; Sasha
> > > Levin <Alexander.Levin@microsoft.com>; Haiyang Zhang
> > > <haiyangz@microsoft.com>; KY Srinivasan <kys@microsoft.com>;
> > > olaf@aepfle.de; apw@canonical.com; jasowang@redhat.com; vkuznets
> > > <vkuznets@redhat.com>; marcelo.cerri@canonical.com; Stephen Hemminger
> > > <sthemmin@microsoft.com>; jackm@mellanox.com
> > > Subject: Re: [PATCH v2] PCI: PM: Move to D0 before calling
> > > pci_legacy_resume_early()
> > >
> > > On Wed, Aug 14, 2019 at 01:06:55AM +0000, Dexuan Cui wrote:
> > > > In pci_legacy_suspend_late(), the device state is moved to PCI_UNKNOWN.
> > > >
> > > > In pci_pm_thaw_noirq(), the state is supposed to be moved back to PCI_D0,
> > > > but the current code misses the pci_legacy_resume_early() path, so the
> > > > state remains in PCI_UNKNOWN in that path. As a result, in the resume
> > > > phase of hibernation, this causes an error for the Mellanox VF driver,
> > > > which fails to enable MSI-X because pci_msi_supported() is false due
> > > > to dev->current_state != PCI_D0:
> > > >
> > > > mlx4_core a6d1:00:02.0: Detected virtual function - running in slave mode
> > > > mlx4_core a6d1:00:02.0: Sending reset
> > > > mlx4_core a6d1:00:02.0: Sending vhcr0
> > > > mlx4_core a6d1:00:02.0: HCA minimum page size:512
> > > > mlx4_core a6d1:00:02.0: Timestamping is not supported in slave mode
> > > > mlx4_core a6d1:00:02.0: INTx is not supported in multi-function mode,
> > > aborting
> > > > PM: dpm_run_callback(): pci_pm_thaw+0x0/0xd7 returns -95
> > > > PM: Device a6d1:00:02.0 failed to thaw: error -95
> > > >
> > > > To be more accurate, the "resume" phase means the "thaw" callbacks which
> > > > run before the system enters hibernation: when the user runs the command
> > > > "echo disk > /sys/power/state" for hibernation, first the kernel "freezes"
> > > > all the devices and creates a hibernation image, then the kernel "thaws"
> > > > the devices including the disk/NIC, writes the memory to the disk, and
> > > > powers down. This patch fixes the error message for the Mellanox VF driver
> > > > in this phase.

Wordsmithing nit: what the patch does is not "fix the error message";
what it does is fix the *problem*, i.e., the fact that we can't
operate the device because we can't enable MSI-X. The message is only
a symptom.

IIUC the relevant part of the system hibernation sequence is:

pci_pm_freeze_noirq
pci_pm_thaw_noirq
pci_pm_thaw

And the execution flow is:

pci_pm_freeze_noirq
if (pci_has_legacy_pm_support(pci_dev)) # true for mlx4
pci_legacy_suspend_late(dev, PMSG_FREEZE)
pci_pm_set_unknown_state
dev->current_state = PCI_UNKNOWN # <---
pci_pm_thaw_noirq
if (pci_has_legacy_pm_support(pci_dev)) # true
pci_legacy_resume_early(dev) # noop; mlx4 doesn't implement
pci_pm_thaw # returns -95 EOPNOTSUPP
if (pci_has_legacy_pm_support(pci_dev)) # true
pci_legacy_resume
drv->resume
mlx4_resume # mlx4_driver.resume (legacy)
mlx4_load_one
mlx4_enable_msi_x
pci_enable_msix_range
__pci_enable_msix_range
__pci_enable_msix
if (!pci_msi_supported())
if (dev->current_state != PCI_D0) # <---
return 0
return -EINVAL
err = -EOPNOTSUPP
"INTx is not supported ..."

(These are just my notes; you don't need to put them all into the
commit message. I'm just sharing them in case I'm not understanding
correctly.)

> > > > When the system starts again, a fresh kernel starts to run, and when the
> > > > kernel detects that a hibernation image was saved, the kernel "quiesces"
> > > > the devices, and then "restores" the devices from the saved image. In this
> > > > path:
> > > > device_resume_noirq() -> ... ->
> > > > pci_pm_restore_noirq() ->
> > > > pci_pm_default_resume_early() ->
> > > > pci_power_up() moves the device states back to PCI_D0. This path is
> > > > not broken and doesn't need my patch.
> > > >

The cc list suggests that this might be a fix for a user-reported
problem. Is there a launchpad or similar link you could include here?

Should this be marked for stable?

> > > > Signed-off-by: Dexuan Cui <decui@microsoft.com>
> > > This looks like a bugfix for 5839ee7389e8 ("PCI / PM: Force devices to
> > > D0 in pci_pm_thaw_noirq()") so maybe it should be marked for stable as
> > > 5839ee7389e8 was?
> > >
> > > Rafael, could you confirm?
>
> No, it is not a bug fix for that commit.  The underlying issue would be
> there without that commit too.

Oh, right, I dunno what I was thinking, sorry.

> > > > --- a/drivers/pci/pci-driver.c
> > > > +++ b/drivers/pci/pci-driver.c
> > > > @@ -1074,15 +1074,16 @@ static int pci_pm_thaw_noirq(struct device
> > > *dev)
> > > > return error;
> > > > }
> > > >
> > > > - if (pci_has_legacy_pm_support(pci_dev))
> > > > - return pci_legacy_resume_early(dev);
> > > > -
> > > > /*
> > > > * pci_restore_state() requires the device to be in D0 (because of MSI
> > > > * restoration among other things), so force it into D0 in case the
> > > > * driver's "freeze" callbacks put it into a low-power state directly.
> > > > */
> > > > pci_set_power_state(pci_dev, PCI_D0);
> > > > +
> > > > + if (pci_has_legacy_pm_support(pci_dev))
> > > > + return pci_legacy_resume_early(dev);
> > > > +
> > > > pci_restore_state(pci_dev);
> > > >
> > > > if (drv && drv->pm && drv->pm->thaw_noirq)
> > > > --
> > > > 2.19.1
> > > >
> The patch looks reasonable to me, but the comment above the
> pci_set_power_state() call needs to be updated too IMO.

Hmm.

1) pci_restore_state() mainly writes config space, which doesn't
require the device to be in D0. The only thing I see that would
require D0 is the MSI-X MMIO space, so to be more specific, the
comment could say "restoring the MSI-X *MMIO* state requires the
device to be in D0".

But I think you meant some other comment change. Did you mean
something along the lines of "a legacy drv->resume_early() callback
and pci_restore_state() both require the device to be in D0"?

If something else, maybe you could propose some text?

2) I assume pci_pm_thaw_noirq() should leave the device in a
functionally equivalent state, whether it uses legacy PM or not. Do
we want something like the patch below instead? If we *do* want to
skip pci_restore_state() for legacy PM, maybe we should add a comment.

3) Documentation/power/pci.rst says:

... devices have to be brought back to the fully functional
state ...

pci_pm_thaw_noirq() ... doesn't put the device into the full power
state and doesn't attempt to restore its standard configuration
registers.

That doesn't seem consistent, and it looks like pci_pm_thaw_noirq()
actually *does* put the device in full power (D0) state and restore
config registers.

diff --git a/drivers/pci/pci-driver.c b/drivers/pci/pci-driver.c
index a8124e47bf6e..30c721fd6bcf 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/pci-driver.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/pci-driver.c
@@ -1068,7 +1068,7 @@ static int pci_pm_thaw_noirq(struct device *dev)
{
struct pci_dev *pci_dev = to_pci_dev(dev);
struct device_driver *drv = dev->driver;
- int error = 0;
+ int error;

if (pcibios_pm_ops.thaw_noirq) {
error = pcibios_pm_ops.thaw_noirq(dev);
@@ -1076,9 +1076,6 @@ static int pci_pm_thaw_noirq(struct device *dev)
return error;
}

- if (pci_has_legacy_pm_support(pci_dev))
- return pci_legacy_resume_early(dev);
-
/*
* pci_restore_state() requires the device to be in D0 (because of MSI
* restoration among other things), so force it into D0 in case the
@@ -1087,10 +1084,13 @@ static int pci_pm_thaw_noirq(struct device *dev)
pci_set_power_state(pci_dev, PCI_D0);
pci_restore_state(pci_dev);

+ if (pci_has_legacy_pm_support(pci_dev))
+ return pci_legacy_resume_early(dev);
+
if (drv && drv->pm && drv->pm->thaw_noirq)
- error = drv->pm->thaw_noirq(dev);
+ return drv->pm->thaw_noirq(dev);

- return error;
+ return 0;
}

static int pci_pm_thaw(struct device *dev)
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