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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2] mm/page_isolation: fix a deadlock with printk()
On Fri 04-10-19 18:26:45, Qian Cai wrote:
> It is unsafe to call printk() while zone->lock was held, i.e.,
>
> zone->lock --> console_lock
>
> because the console could always allocate some memory in different code
> paths and form locking chains in an opposite order,
>
> console_lock --> * --> zone->lock
>
> As the result, it triggers lockdep splats like below and in different
> code paths in this thread [1]. Since has_unmovable_pages() was only used
> in set_migratetype_isolate() and is_pageblock_removable_nolock(). Only
> the former will set the REPORT_FAILURE flag which will call printk().
> Hence, unlock the zone->lock just before the dump_page() there where
> when has_unmovable_pages() returns true, there is no need to hold the
> lock anyway in the rest of set_migratetype_isolate().
>
> While at it, remove a problematic printk() in __offline_isolated_pages()
> only for debugging as well which will always disable lockdep on debug
> kernels.

I do not think that removing the printk is the right long term solution.
While I do agree that removing the debugging printk __offline_isolated_pages
does make sense because it is essentially of a very limited use, this
doesn't really solve the underlying problem. There are likely other
printks from zone->lock. It would be much more saner to actually
disallow consoles to allocate any memory while printk is called from an
atomic context.

> The problem is probably there forever, but neither many developers will
> run memory offline with the lockdep enabled nor admins in the field are
> lucky enough yet to hit a perfect timing which required to trigger a
> real deadlock. In addition, there aren't many places that call printk()
> while zone->lock was held.
>
> WARNING: possible circular locking dependency detected
> ------------------------------------------------------
> test.sh/1724 is trying to acquire lock:
> 0000000052059ec0 (console_owner){-...}, at: console_unlock+0x
> 01: 328/0xa30
>
> but task is already holding lock:
> 000000006ffd89c8 (&(&zone->lock)->rlock){-.-.}, at: start_iso
> 01: late_page_range+0x216/0x538

I am also wondering what does this lockdep report actually say. How come
we have a dependency between a start_kernel path and a syscall?

> which lock already depends on the new lock.
>
> the existing dependency chain (in reverse order) is:
>
> -> #2 (&(&zone->lock)->rlock){-.-.}:
> lock_acquire+0x21a/0x468
> _raw_spin_lock+0x54/0x68
> get_page_from_freelist+0x8b6/0x2d28
> __alloc_pages_nodemask+0x246/0x658
> __get_free_pages+0x34/0x78
> sclp_init+0x106/0x690
> sclp_register+0x2e/0x248
> sclp_rw_init+0x4a/0x70
> sclp_console_init+0x4a/0x1b8
> console_init+0x2c8/0x410
> start_kernel+0x530/0x6a0
> startup_continue+0x70/0xd0
>
> -> #1 (sclp_lock){-.-.}:
> lock_acquire+0x21a/0x468
> _raw_spin_lock_irqsave+0xcc/0xe8
> sclp_add_request+0x34/0x308
> sclp_conbuf_emit+0x100/0x138
> sclp_console_write+0x96/0x3b8
> console_unlock+0x6dc/0xa30
> vprintk_emit+0x184/0x3c8
> vprintk_default+0x44/0x50
> printk+0xa8/0xc0
> iommu_debugfs_setup+0xf2/0x108
> iommu_init+0x6c/0x78
> do_one_initcall+0x162/0x680
> kernel_init_freeable+0x4e8/0x5a8
> kernel_init+0x2a/0x188
> ret_from_fork+0x30/0x34
> kernel_thread_starter+0x0/0xc
>
> -> #0 (console_owner){-...}:
> check_noncircular+0x338/0x3e0
> __lock_acquire+0x1e66/0x2d88
> lock_acquire+0x21a/0x468
> console_unlock+0x3a6/0xa30
> vprintk_emit+0x184/0x3c8
> vprintk_default+0x44/0x50
> printk+0xa8/0xc0
> __dump_page+0x1dc/0x710
> dump_page+0x2e/0x58
> has_unmovable_pages+0x2e8/0x470
> start_isolate_page_range+0x404/0x538
> __offline_pages+0x22c/0x1338
> memory_subsys_offline+0xa6/0xe8
> device_offline+0xe6/0x118
> state_store+0xf0/0x110
> kernfs_fop_write+0x1bc/0x270
> vfs_write+0xce/0x220
> ksys_write+0xea/0x190
> system_call+0xd8/0x2b4
>
> other info that might help us debug this:
>
> Chain exists of:
> console_owner --> sclp_lock --> &(&zone->lock)->rlock
>
> Possible unsafe locking scenario:
>
> CPU0 CPU1
> ---- ----
> lock(&(&zone->lock)->rlock);
> lock(sclp_lock);
> lock(&(&zone->lock)->rlock);
> lock(console_owner);
>
> *** DEADLOCK ***
>
> 9 locks held by test.sh/1724:
> #0: 000000000e925408 (sb_writers#4){.+.+}, at: vfs_write+0x201:
> #1: 0000000050aa4280 (&of->mutex){+.+.}, at: kernfs_fop_write:
> #2: 0000000062e5c628 (kn->count#198){.+.+}, at: kernfs_fop_write
> #3: 00000000523236a0 (device_hotplug_lock){+.+.}, at:
> lock_device_hotplug_sysfs+0x30/0x80
> #4: 0000000062e70990 (&dev->mutex){....}, at: device_offline
> #5: 0000000051fd36b0 (cpu_hotplug_lock.rw_sem){++++}, at:
> __offline_pages+0xec/0x1338
> #6: 00000000521ca470 (mem_hotplug_lock.rw_sem){++++}, at:
> percpu_down_write+0x38/0x210
> #7: 000000006ffd89c8 (&(&zone->lock)->rlock){-.-.}, at:
> start_isolate_page_range+0x216/0x538
> #8: 000000005205a100 (console_lock){+.+.}, at: vprintk_emit
>
> stack backtrace:
> Hardware name: IBM 2964 N96 400 (z/VM 6.4.0)
> Call Trace:
> ([<00000000512ae218>] show_stack+0x110/0x1b0)
> [<0000000051b6d506>] dump_stack+0x126/0x178
> [<00000000513a4b08>] check_noncircular+0x338/0x3e0
> [<00000000513aaaf6>] __lock_acquire+0x1e66/0x2d88
> [<00000000513a7e12>] lock_acquire+0x21a/0x468
> [<00000000513bb2fe>] console_unlock+0x3a6/0xa30
> [<00000000513bde2c>] vprintk_emit+0x184/0x3c8
> [<00000000513be0b4>] vprintk_default+0x44/0x50
> [<00000000513beb60>] printk+0xa8/0xc0
> [<000000005158c364>] __dump_page+0x1dc/0x710
> [<000000005158c8c6>] dump_page+0x2e/0x58
> [<00000000515d87c8>] has_unmovable_pages+0x2e8/0x470
> [<000000005167072c>] start_isolate_page_range+0x404/0x538
> [<0000000051b96de4>] __offline_pages+0x22c/0x1338
> [<0000000051908586>] memory_subsys_offline+0xa6/0xe8
> [<00000000518e561e>] device_offline+0xe6/0x118
> [<0000000051908170>] state_store+0xf0/0x110
> [<0000000051796384>] kernfs_fop_write+0x1bc/0x270
> [<000000005168972e>] vfs_write+0xce/0x220
> [<0000000051689b9a>] ksys_write+0xea/0x190
> [<0000000051ba9990>] system_call+0xd8/0x2b4
> INFO: lockdep is turned off.
--
Michal Hocko
SUSE Labs

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