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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2] mm/page_isolation: fix a deadlock with printk()
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On Mon, 2019-10-07 at 11:05 +0200, Petr Mladek wrote:
> On Mon 2019-10-07 10:07:42, Michal Hocko wrote:
> > On Fri 04-10-19 18:26:45, Qian Cai wrote:
> > > It is unsafe to call printk() while zone->lock was held, i.e.,
> > >
> > > zone->lock --> console_lock
> > >
> > > because the console could always allocate some memory in different code
> > > paths and form locking chains in an opposite order,
> > >
> > > console_lock --> * --> zone->lock
> > >
> > > As the result, it triggers lockdep splats like below and in different
> > > code paths in this thread [1]. Since has_unmovable_pages() was only used
> > > in set_migratetype_isolate() and is_pageblock_removable_nolock(). Only
> > > the former will set the REPORT_FAILURE flag which will call printk().
> > > Hence, unlock the zone->lock just before the dump_page() there where
> > > when has_unmovable_pages() returns true, there is no need to hold the
> > > lock anyway in the rest of set_migratetype_isolate().
> > >
> > > While at it, remove a problematic printk() in __offline_isolated_pages()
> > > only for debugging as well which will always disable lockdep on debug
> > > kernels.
> >
> > I do not think that removing the printk is the right long term solution.
> > While I do agree that removing the debugging printk __offline_isolated_pages
> > does make sense because it is essentially of a very limited use, this
> > doesn't really solve the underlying problem. There are likely other
> > printks from zone->lock. It would be much more saner to actually
> > disallow consoles to allocate any memory while printk is called from an
> > atomic context.
>
> The current "standard" solution for these situations is to replace
> the problematic printk() with printk_deferred(). It would deffer
> the console handling.
>
> Of course, this is a whack a mole approach. The long term solution
> is to deffer printk() by default. We have finally agreed on this
> few weeks ago on Plumbers conference. It is going to be added
> together with fully lockless log buffer hopefully soon. It will
> be part of upstreaming Real-Time related code.

Does this guarantee that if,

lock(zone->lock)
printk_deferred()
unlock(zone->lock)

that the locks (console_owner and console_sem) in printk_deferred() will always
be processed by the unlock(zone->lock)?

If it is more of timing thing where klogd wakes up, it could still end up with,

zone_lock -> console_owner/console_sem

that causes a deadlock.

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