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SubjectRe: [v1] e1000e: EEH on e1000e adapter detects io perm failure can trigger crash
On Thu, Oct 3, 2019 at 5:02 PM David Z. Dai <zdai@linux.vnet.ibm.com> wrote:
>
> On Thu, 2019-10-03 at 13:39 -0700, Alexander Duyck wrote:
> > On Thu, Oct 3, 2019 at 11:51 AM David Z. Dai <zdai@linux.vnet.ibm.com> wrote:
> > >
> > > On Thu, 2019-10-03 at 10:39 -0700, Alexander Duyck wrote:
> > > > On Thu, Oct 3, 2019 at 9:59 AM David Dai <zdai@linux.vnet.ibm.com> wrote:
> > > > >
> > > > > We see the behavior when EEH e1000e adapter detects io permanent failure,
> > > > > it will crash kernel with this stack:
> > > > > EEH: Beginning: 'error_detected(permanent failure)'
> > > > > EEH: PE#900000 (PCI 0115:90:00.1): Invoking e1000e->error_detected(permanent failure)
> > > > > EEH: PE#900000 (PCI 0115:90:00.1): e1000e driver reports: 'disconnect'
> > > > > EEH: PE#900000 (PCI 0115:90:00.0): Invoking e1000e->error_detected(permanent failure)
> > > > > EEH: PE#900000 (PCI 0115:90:00.0): e1000e driver reports: 'disconnect'
> > > > > EEH: Finished:'error_detected(permanent failure)'
> > > > > Oops: Exception in kernel mode, sig: 5 [#1]
> > > > > NIP [c0000000007b1be0] free_msi_irqs+0xa0/0x280
> > > > > LR [c0000000007b1bd0] free_msi_irqs+0x90/0x280
> > > > > Call Trace:
> > > > > [c0000004f491ba10] [c0000000007b1bd0] free_msi_irqs+0x90/0x280 (unreliable)
> > > > > [c0000004f491ba70] [c0000000007b260c] pci_disable_msi+0x13c/0x180
> > > > > [c0000004f491bab0] [d0000000046381ac] e1000_remove+0x234/0x2a0 [e1000e]
> > > > > [c0000004f491baf0] [c000000000783cec] pci_device_remove+0x6c/0x120
> > > > > [c0000004f491bb30] [c00000000088da6c] device_release_driver_internal+0x2bc/0x3f0
> > > > > [c0000004f491bb80] [c00000000076f5a8] pci_stop_and_remove_bus_device+0xb8/0x110
> > > > > [c0000004f491bbc0] [c00000000006e890] pci_hp_remove_devices+0x90/0x130
> > > > > [c0000004f491bc50] [c00000000004ad34] eeh_handle_normal_event+0x1d4/0x660
> > > > > [c0000004f491bd10] [c00000000004bf10] eeh_event_handler+0x1c0/0x1e0
> > > > > [c0000004f491bdc0] [c00000000017c4ac] kthread+0x1ac/0x1c0
> > > > > [c0000004f491be30] [c00000000000b75c] ret_from_kernel_thread+0x5c/0x80
> > > > >
> > > > > Basically the e1000e irqs haven't been freed at the time eeh is trying to
> > > > > remove the the e1000e device.
> > > > > Need to make sure when e1000e_close is called to bring down the NIC,
> > > > > if adapter error_state is pci_channel_io_perm_failure, it should also
> > > > > bring down the link and free irqs.
> > > > >
> > > > > Reported-by: Morumuri Srivalli <smorumu1@in.ibm.com>
> > > > > Signed-off-by: David Dai <zdai@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> > > > > ---
> > > > > drivers/net/ethernet/intel/e1000e/netdev.c | 3 ++-
> > > > > 1 files changed, 2 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)
> > > > >
> > > > > diff --git a/drivers/net/ethernet/intel/e1000e/netdev.c b/drivers/net/ethernet/intel/e1000e/netdev.c
> > > > > index d7d56e4..cf618e1 100644
> > > > > --- a/drivers/net/ethernet/intel/e1000e/netdev.c
> > > > > +++ b/drivers/net/ethernet/intel/e1000e/netdev.c
> > > > > @@ -4715,7 +4715,8 @@ int e1000e_close(struct net_device *netdev)
> > > > >
> > > > > pm_runtime_get_sync(&pdev->dev);
> > > > >
> > > > > - if (!test_bit(__E1000_DOWN, &adapter->state)) {
> > > > > + if (!test_bit(__E1000_DOWN, &adapter->state) ||
> > > > > + (adapter->pdev->error_state == pci_channel_io_perm_failure)) {
> > > > > e1000e_down(adapter, true);
> > > > > e1000_free_irq(adapter);
> > > >
> > > > It seems like the issue is the fact that e1000_io_error_detected is
> > > > calling e1000e_down without the e1000_free_irq() bit. Instead of doing
> > > > this couldn't you simply add the following to e1000_is_slot_reset in
> > > > the "result = PCI_ERS_RESULT_DISCONNECT" case:
> > > > if (netif_running(netdev)
> > > > e1000_free_irq(adapter);
> > > >
> > > > Alternatively we could look at freeing and reallocating the IRQs in
> > > > the event of an error like we do for the e1000e_pm_freeze and
> > > > e1000e_pm_thaw cases. That might make more sense since we are dealing
> > > > with an error we might want to free and reallocate the IRQ resources
> > > > assigned to the device.
> > > >
> > > > Thanks.
> > > >
> > > > - Alex
> > >
> > > Thanks for the quick reply and comment!
> > > Looked the e1000_io_slot_reset() routine:
> > > err = pci_enable_device_mem(pdev);
> > > if (err) {
> > > dev_err(&pdev->dev,
> > > "Cannot re-enable PCI device after reset.\n");
> > > result = PCI_ERS_RESULT_DISCONNECT;
> > > } else {
> > > I didn't see log message "Cannot re-enable PCI device after reset" at
> > > the time of crash.
> > >
> > > I can still apply the same logic in e1000_io_error_detected() routine:
> > > if (state == pci_channel_io_perm_failure) {
> > > + if (netif_running(netdev))
> > > + e1000_free_irq(adapter);
> > > return PCI_ERS_RESULT_DISCONNECT;
> > > }
> > > Will test this once the test hardware is available again.
> >
> > Are you sure this is the path you are hitting? Things aren't adding up.
> >
> > I thought the issue was that the interface for the error handling was
> > calling e1000e_down() but not freeing the IRQs? In the path where you
> > are adding your code I don't see how the __E1000_DOWN would have been
> > set?
> >
> > - Alex
> We see the same stack every time the crash is triggered.
>
> My understanding is not that the interface for the error handling was
> calling e1000e_down() but not freeing IRQs.

That is my understanding as well. However where you talked about
adding the code will end up being before we call e1000e_down() won't
it?

> In our case, on powerpc , if injecting eeh errors to reach preset
> threshold value, it will be forced to be offline permanently.
>
> In e1000e_close() to bring down link, the check: "if (!
> test_bit(__E1000_DOWN, &adapter->state))" is false, so e1000e_down() and
> e1000_free_irq() are both not called. IRQs are not freed.

My concern is mainly that we don't want to mess up the ordering of
things or perform the same action multiple times, or do things
out-of-order.

> When e1000_remove() is called, it sees IRQs are not free, hence crash
> the kernel.
>
> This is the reason I have the original proposed patch to add an extra
> check in e1000e_close().

I get that, however the way you said you were going to change things
doesn't match up with that. You are freeing the IRQs without first
bringing down the interface.

> For the 2nd change in e1000_io_error_detected() routine, I haven't
> tested it yet.
>
> Pardon me if causing any confusion, and Thanks for your time again!
>
> - David

I need to take a look at a couple things. I am not sure why the
e1000e_close is even checking for the __E1000_DOWN bit. From what I
can tell the other drivers are just calling e1000_down() directly
without the check so I am not sure if something was added that makes
it so that we have to be careful about calling e1000_down more than
once or not. If not we could probably just pull that check and
simplify all of this.

Thanks.

- Alex

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