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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 2/7] mm: Add a walk_page_mapping() function to the pagewalk code
On Thu, Oct 03, 2019 at 01:32:45PM +0200, Thomas Hellström (VMware) wrote:
> > > + * If @mapping allows faulting of huge pmds and puds, it is desirable
> > > + * that its huge_fault() handler blocks while this function is running on
> > > + * @mapping. Otherwise a race may occur where the huge entry is split when
> > > + * it was intended to be handled in a huge entry callback. This requires an
> > > + * external lock, for example that @mapping->i_mmap_rwsem is held in
> > > + * write mode in the huge_fault() handlers.
> > Em. No. We have ptl for this. It's the only lock required (plus mmap_sem
> > on read) to split PMD entry into PTE table. And it can happen not only
> > from fault path.
> >
> > If you care about splitting compound page under you, take a pin or lock a
> > page. It will block split_huge_page().
> >
> > Suggestion to block fault path is not viable (and it will not happen
> > magically just because of this comment).
> >
> I was specifically thinking of this:
> If a huge pud is concurrently faulted in here, it will immediatly get split
> without getting processed in pud_entry(). An external lock would protect
> against that, but that's perhaps a bug in the pagewalk code?  For pmds the
> situation is not the same since when pte_entry is used, all pmds will
> unconditionally get split.

I *think* it should be fixed with something like this (there's no
pud_trans_unstable() yet):

diff --git a/mm/pagewalk.c b/mm/pagewalk.c
index d48c2a986ea3..221a3b945f42 100644
--- a/mm/pagewalk.c
+++ b/mm/pagewalk.c
@@ -102,10 +102,11 @@ static int walk_pud_range(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
+ } else {
+ split_huge_pud(walk->vma, pud, addr);

- split_huge_pud(walk->vma, pud, addr);
- if (pud_none(*pud))
+ if (pud_none(*pud) || pud_trans_unstable(*pud))
goto again;

if (ops->pmd_entry || ops->pte_entry)
Or better yet converted to what we do on pmd level.

Honestly, all the code around PUD THP missing a lot of ground work.
Rushing it upstream for DAX was not a right move.

> There's a similar more scary race in
> It looks like if a concurrent thread faults in a huge pud just after the
> test for pud_none in that pmd_alloc, things might go pretty bad.

Hm? It will fail the next pmd_none() check under ptl. Do you have a
particular racing scenarion?

Kirill A. Shutemov

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