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SubjectRe: [PATCH] kasan: fix the missing underflow in memmove and memcpy with CONFIG_KASAN_GENERIC=y
On Fri, Oct 4, 2019 at 10:02 AM Walter Wu <walter-zh.wu@mediatek.com> wrote:
>
> On Fri, 2019-10-04 at 12:42 +0800, Walter Wu wrote:
> > On Thu, 2019-10-03 at 16:53 +0200, Dmitry Vyukov wrote:
> > > On Thu, Oct 3, 2019 at 3:51 PM Walter Wu <walter-zh.wu@mediatek.com> wrote:>
> > > >
> > > > static void print_error_description(struct kasan_access_info *info)
> > > > {
> > > > - pr_err("BUG: KASAN: %s in %pS\n",
> > > > - get_bug_type(info), (void *)info->ip);
> > > > - pr_err("%s of size %zu at addr %px by task %s/%d\n",
> > > > - info->is_write ? "Write" : "Read", info->access_size,
> > > > - info->access_addr, current->comm, task_pid_nr(current));
> > > > + if ((long)info->access_size < 0) {
> > > > + pr_err("BUG: KASAN: invalid size %zu in %pS\n",
> > > > + info->access_size, (void *)info->ip);
> > >
> > > I would not introduce a new bug type.
> > > These are parsed and used by some systems, e.g. syzbot. If size is
> > > user-controllable, then a new bug type for this will mean 2 bug
> > > reports.
> > > It also won't harm to print Read/Write, definitely the address, so no
> > > reason to special case this out of a dozen of report formats.
> > > This can qualify as out-of-bounds (definitely will cross some
> > > bounds!), so I would change get_bug_type() to return
> > > "slab-out-of-bounds" (as the most common OOB) in such case (with a
> > > comment).
> > >
> > Print Read/Write and address information, it is ok.
> > But if we can directly point to the root cause of this problem, why we
> > not do it? see 1) and 2) to get a point, if we print OOB, then user
> > needs one minute to think what is root case of this problem, but if we
> > print invalid size, then user can directly get root case. this is my
> > original thinking.
> > 1)Invalid size is true then OOB is true.
> > 2)OOB is true then invalid size may be true or false.
> >
> > But I see you say some systems have used bug report so that avoid this
> > trouble, i will print the wrong type is "out-of-bound" in a unified way
> > when size<0.
> >
>
> Updated my patch, please help to review it.
> thanks.
>
> commit 13e10a7e4264eb25c5a14193068027afc9c261f6
> Author: Walter-zh Wu <walter-zh.wu@mediatek.com>
> Date: Fri Oct 4 15:27:17 2019 +0800
>
> kasan: detect negative size in memory operation function
>
> It is an undefined behavior to pass a negative value to
> memset()/memcpy()/memmove()
> , so need to be detected by KASAN.
>
> If size is negative value, then it will be larger than ULONG_MAX/2,
> so that we will qualify as out-of-bounds issue.
>
> KASAN report:
>
> BUG: KASAN: out-of-bounds in kmalloc_memmove_invalid_size+0x70/0xa0
> Read of size 18446744073709551608 at addr ffffff8069660904 by task
> cat/72
>
> CPU: 2 PID: 72 Comm: cat Not tainted
> 5.4.0-rc1-next-20191004ajb-00001-gdb8af2f372b2-dirty #1
> Hardware name: linux,dummy-virt (DT)
> Call trace:
> dump_backtrace+0x0/0x288
> show_stack+0x14/0x20
> dump_stack+0x10c/0x164
> print_address_description.isra.9+0x68/0x378
> __kasan_report+0x164/0x1a0
> kasan_report+0xc/0x18
> check_memory_region+0x174/0x1d0
> memmove+0x34/0x88
> kmalloc_memmove_invalid_size+0x70/0xa0
>
> [1] https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=199341
>
> Signed-off-by: Walter Wu <walter-zh.wu@mediatek.com>
> Reported -by: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
> Suggested-by: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
>
> diff --git a/lib/test_kasan.c b/lib/test_kasan.c
> index 49cc4d570a40..06942cf585cc 100644
> --- a/lib/test_kasan.c
> +++ b/lib/test_kasan.c
> @@ -283,6 +283,23 @@ static noinline void __init
> kmalloc_oob_in_memset(void)
> kfree(ptr);
> }
>
> +static noinline void __init kmalloc_memmove_invalid_size(void)
> +{
> + char *ptr;
> + size_t size = 64;
> +
> + pr_info("invalid size in memmove\n");
> + ptr = kmalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!ptr) {
> + pr_err("Allocation failed\n");
> + return;
> + }
> +
> + memset((char *)ptr, 0, 64);
> + memmove((char *)ptr, (char *)ptr + 4, -2);
> + kfree(ptr);
> +}
> +
> static noinline void __init kmalloc_uaf(void)
> {
> char *ptr;
> @@ -773,6 +790,7 @@ static int __init kmalloc_tests_init(void)
> kmalloc_oob_memset_4();
> kmalloc_oob_memset_8();
> kmalloc_oob_memset_16();
> + kmalloc_memmove_invalid_size();
> kmalloc_uaf();
> kmalloc_uaf_memset();
> kmalloc_uaf2();
> diff --git a/mm/kasan/common.c b/mm/kasan/common.c
> index 6814d6d6a023..97dd6eecc3e7 100644
> --- a/mm/kasan/common.c
> +++ b/mm/kasan/common.c
> @@ -102,7 +102,8 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(__kasan_check_write);
> #undef memset
> void *memset(void *addr, int c, size_t len)
> {
> - check_memory_region((unsigned long)addr, len, true, _RET_IP_);
> + if (!check_memory_region((unsigned long)addr, len, true, _RET_IP_))
> + return NULL;
>
> return __memset(addr, c, len);
> }
> @@ -110,7 +111,8 @@ void *memset(void *addr, int c, size_t len)
> #undef memmove
> void *memmove(void *dest, const void *src, size_t len)
> {
> - check_memory_region((unsigned long)src, len, false, _RET_IP_);
> + if (!check_memory_region((unsigned long)src, len, false, _RET_IP_))
> + return NULL;
> check_memory_region((unsigned long)dest, len, true, _RET_IP_);

I would check both calls.
The current code seems to be over-specialized for handling of invalid
size (you assume that if it's invalid size, then the first
check_memory_region will detect it and checking the second one is
pointless, right?).
But check_memory_region can return false in other cases too.
Also seeing first call checked, but the second not checked just hurts
my eyes when reading code (whenever I will read such code my first
reaction will be "why?").


>
> return __memmove(dest, src, len);
> @@ -119,7 +121,8 @@ void *memmove(void *dest, const void *src, size_t
> len)
> #undef memcpy
> void *memcpy(void *dest, const void *src, size_t len)
> {
> - check_memory_region((unsigned long)src, len, false, _RET_IP_);
> + if (!check_memory_region((unsigned long)src, len, false, _RET_IP_))
> + return NULL;
> check_memory_region((unsigned long)dest, len, true, _RET_IP_);
>
> return __memcpy(dest, src, len);
> diff --git a/mm/kasan/generic.c b/mm/kasan/generic.c
> index 616f9dd82d12..02148a317d27 100644
> --- a/mm/kasan/generic.c
> +++ b/mm/kasan/generic.c
> @@ -173,6 +173,11 @@ static __always_inline bool
> check_memory_region_inline(unsigned long addr,
> if (unlikely(size == 0))
> return true;
>
> + if (unlikely((long)size < 0)) {
> + kasan_report(addr, size, write, ret_ip);
> + return false;
> + }
> +
> if (unlikely((void *)addr <
> kasan_shadow_to_mem((void *)KASAN_SHADOW_START))) {
> kasan_report(addr, size, write, ret_ip);
> diff --git a/mm/kasan/generic_report.c b/mm/kasan/generic_report.c
> index 36c645939bc9..ae9596210394 100644
> --- a/mm/kasan/generic_report.c
> +++ b/mm/kasan/generic_report.c
> @@ -107,6 +107,13 @@ static const char *get_wild_bug_type(struct
> kasan_access_info *info)
>
> const char *get_bug_type(struct kasan_access_info *info)
> {
> + /*
> + * if access_size < 0, then it will be larger than ULONG_MAX/2,
> + * so that this can qualify as out-of-bounds.
> + */
> + if ((long)info->access_size < 0)
> + return "out-of-bounds";

"out-of-bounds" is the _least_ frequent KASAN bug type. So saying
"out-of-bounds" has downsides of both approaches and won't prevent
duplicate reports by syzbot...

> +
> if (addr_has_shadow(info->access_addr))
> return get_shadow_bug_type(info);
> return get_wild_bug_type(info);
> diff --git a/mm/kasan/tags.c b/mm/kasan/tags.c
> index 0e987c9ca052..b829535a3ad7 100644
> --- a/mm/kasan/tags.c
> +++ b/mm/kasan/tags.c
> @@ -86,6 +86,11 @@ bool check_memory_region(unsigned long addr, size_t
> size, bool write,
> if (unlikely(size == 0))
> return true;
>
> + if (unlikely((long)size < 0)) {
> + kasan_report(addr, size, write, ret_ip);
> + return false;
> + }
> +
> tag = get_tag((const void *)addr);
>
> /*
> diff --git a/mm/kasan/tags_report.c b/mm/kasan/tags_report.c
> index 969ae08f59d7..1e1ca81214b5 100644
> --- a/mm/kasan/tags_report.c
> +++ b/mm/kasan/tags_report.c
> @@ -36,6 +36,13 @@
>
> const char *get_bug_type(struct kasan_access_info *info)
> {
> + /*
> + * if access_size < 0, then it will be larger than ULONG_MAX/2,
> + * so that this can qualify as out-of-bounds.
> + */
> + if ((long)info->access_size < 0)
> + return "out-of-bounds";
> +
> #ifdef CONFIG_KASAN_SW_TAGS_IDENTIFY
> struct kasan_alloc_meta *alloc_meta;
> struct kmem_cache *cache;
>
>
> --
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