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Subject[PATCH V6 1/3] cpuidle: play_idle: Make play_idle more flexible
Date
The play_idle function has two users, the intel powerclamp and the
idle_injection.

The idle injection cooling device uses the function via the
idle_injection powercap's APIs. Unfortunately, play_idle is currently
limited by the idle state depth: by default the deepest idle state is
selected. On the ARM[64] platforms, most of the time it is the cluster
idle state, the exit latency and the residency can be very high. That
reduces the scope of the idle injection usage because the impact on
the performances can be very significant.

If the idle injection cycles can be done with a shallow state like a
retention state, the cooling effect would eventually give similar
results than the cpufreq cooling device.

In order to prepare the function to receive an idle state parameter,
let's replace the 'use_deepest_state' boolean field with 'use_state'
and use this value to enter the specific idle state.

The current code keeps the default behavior which is go to the deepest
idle state.

Signed-off-by: Daniel Lezcano <daniel.lezcano@linaro.org>
Acked-by: Mathieu Poirier <mathieu.poirier@linaro.org>
Reviewed-by: Ulf Hansson <ulf.hansson@linaro.org>
---
V6:
- Change use_state variable name by use_state_idx:
https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/10/28/874
V5:
- Fix s2idle default idle state value:
https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/10/15/522
---
drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle.c | 21 +++++++++++----------
include/linux/cpuidle.h | 13 ++++++-------
kernel/sched/idle.c | 11 +++++++----
3 files changed, 24 insertions(+), 21 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle.c b/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle.c
index 0895b988fa92..18523ea6b11b 100644
--- a/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle.c
+++ b/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle.c
@@ -99,31 +99,31 @@ static int find_deepest_state(struct cpuidle_driver *drv,
}

/**
- * cpuidle_use_deepest_state - Set/clear governor override flag.
- * @enable: New value of the flag.
+ * cpuidle_use_state - Force the cpuidle framework to enter an idle state.
+ * @state: An integer for an idle state
*
- * Set/unset the current CPU to use the deepest idle state (override governors
- * going forward if set).
+ * Specify an idle state the cpuidle framework must step in and bypass
+ * the idle state selection process.
*/
-void cpuidle_use_deepest_state(bool enable)
+void cpuidle_use_state(int index)
{
struct cpuidle_device *dev;

preempt_disable();
dev = cpuidle_get_device();
if (dev)
- dev->use_deepest_state = enable;
+ dev->use_state_idx = index;
preempt_enable();
}

/**
* cpuidle_find_deepest_state - Find the deepest available idle state.
- * @drv: cpuidle driver for the given CPU.
- * @dev: cpuidle device for the given CPU.
*/
-int cpuidle_find_deepest_state(struct cpuidle_driver *drv,
- struct cpuidle_device *dev)
+int cpuidle_find_deepest_state(void)
{
+ struct cpuidle_device *dev = cpuidle_get_device();
+ struct cpuidle_driver *drv = cpuidle_get_cpu_driver(dev);
+
return find_deepest_state(drv, dev, UINT_MAX, 0, false);
}

@@ -554,6 +554,7 @@ static void __cpuidle_unregister_device(struct cpuidle_device *dev)
static void __cpuidle_device_init(struct cpuidle_device *dev)
{
memset(dev->states_usage, 0, sizeof(dev->states_usage));
+ dev->use_state_idx = CPUIDLE_STATE_NOUSE;
dev->last_residency = 0;
dev->next_hrtimer = 0;
}
diff --git a/include/linux/cpuidle.h b/include/linux/cpuidle.h
index 4b6b5bea8f79..d53ad36cb2de 100644
--- a/include/linux/cpuidle.h
+++ b/include/linux/cpuidle.h
@@ -15,6 +15,7 @@
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/hrtimer.h>

+#define CPUIDLE_STATE_NOUSE -1
#define CPUIDLE_STATE_MAX 10
#define CPUIDLE_NAME_LEN 16
#define CPUIDLE_DESC_LEN 32
@@ -80,11 +81,11 @@ struct cpuidle_driver_kobj;
struct cpuidle_device {
unsigned int registered:1;
unsigned int enabled:1;
- unsigned int use_deepest_state:1;
unsigned int poll_time_limit:1;
unsigned int cpu;
ktime_t next_hrtimer;

+ int use_state_idx;
int last_state_idx;
int last_residency;
u64 poll_limit_ns;
@@ -203,19 +204,17 @@ static inline struct cpuidle_device *cpuidle_get_device(void) {return NULL; }
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_CPU_IDLE
-extern int cpuidle_find_deepest_state(struct cpuidle_driver *drv,
- struct cpuidle_device *dev);
+extern int cpuidle_find_deepest_state(void);
extern int cpuidle_enter_s2idle(struct cpuidle_driver *drv,
struct cpuidle_device *dev);
-extern void cpuidle_use_deepest_state(bool enable);
+extern void cpuidle_use_state(int index);
#else
-static inline int cpuidle_find_deepest_state(struct cpuidle_driver *drv,
- struct cpuidle_device *dev)
+static inline int cpuidle_find_deepest_state(void)
{return -ENODEV; }
static inline int cpuidle_enter_s2idle(struct cpuidle_driver *drv,
struct cpuidle_device *dev)
{return -ENODEV; }
-static inline void cpuidle_use_deepest_state(bool enable)
+static inline void cpuidle_use_state(int index)
{
}
#endif
diff --git a/kernel/sched/idle.c b/kernel/sched/idle.c
index 8dad5aa600ea..fb9fc93f1497 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/idle.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/idle.c
@@ -165,7 +165,8 @@ static void cpuidle_idle_call(void)
* until a proper wakeup interrupt happens.
*/

- if (idle_should_enter_s2idle() || dev->use_deepest_state) {
+ if (idle_should_enter_s2idle() ||
+ dev->use_state_idx != CPUIDLE_STATE_NOUSE) {
if (idle_should_enter_s2idle()) {
rcu_idle_enter();

@@ -176,12 +177,14 @@ static void cpuidle_idle_call(void)
}

rcu_idle_exit();
+ next_state = cpuidle_find_deepest_state();
+ } else {
+ next_state = dev->use_state_idx;
}

tick_nohz_idle_stop_tick();
rcu_idle_enter();

- next_state = cpuidle_find_deepest_state(drv, dev);
call_cpuidle(drv, dev, next_state);
} else {
bool stop_tick = true;
@@ -328,7 +331,7 @@ void play_idle(unsigned long duration_us)
rcu_sleep_check();
preempt_disable();
current->flags |= PF_IDLE;
- cpuidle_use_deepest_state(true);
+ cpuidle_use_state(cpuidle_find_deepest_state());

it.done = 0;
hrtimer_init_on_stack(&it.timer, CLOCK_MONOTONIC, HRTIMER_MODE_REL);
@@ -339,7 +342,7 @@ void play_idle(unsigned long duration_us)
while (!READ_ONCE(it.done))
do_idle();

- cpuidle_use_deepest_state(false);
+ cpuidle_use_state(CPUIDLE_STATE_NOUSE);
current->flags &= ~PF_IDLE;

preempt_fold_need_resched();
--
2.17.1
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