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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2] sched: rt: Make RT capacity aware
On Wed, Oct 09, 2019 at 11:46:11AM +0100, Qais Yousef wrote:
> Capacity Awareness refers to the fact that on heterogeneous systems
> (like Arm big.LITTLE), the capacity of the CPUs is not uniform, hence
> when placing tasks we need to be aware of this difference of CPU
> capacities.
> In such scenarios we want to ensure that the selected CPU has enough
> capacity to meet the requirement of the running task. Enough capacity
> means here that capacity_orig_of(cpu) >= task.requirement.
> The definition of task.requirement is dependent on the scheduling class.
> For CFS, utilization is used to select a CPU that has >= capacity value
> than the cfs_task.util.
> capacity_orig_of(cpu) >= cfs_task.util
> DL isn't capacity aware at the moment but can make use of the bandwidth
> reservation to implement that in a similar manner CFS uses utilization.
> The following patchset implements that:
> capacity_orig_of(cpu)/SCHED_CAPACITY >= dl_deadline/dl_runtime
> For RT we don't have a per task utilization signal and we lack any
> information in general about what performance requirement the RT task
> needs. But with the introduction of uclamp, RT tasks can now control
> that by setting uclamp_min to guarantee a minimum performance point.
> ATM the uclamp value are only used for frequency selection; but on
> heterogeneous systems this is not enough and we need to ensure that the
> capacity of the CPU is >= uclamp_min. Which is what implemented here.
> capacity_orig_of(cpu) >= rt_task.uclamp_min
> Note that by default uclamp.min is 1024, which means that RT tasks will
> always be biased towards the big CPUs, which make for a better more
> predictable behavior for the default case.
> Must stress that the bias acts as a hint rather than a definite
> placement strategy. For example, if all big cores are busy executing
> other RT tasks we can't guarantee that a new RT task will be placed
> there.
> On non-heterogeneous systems the original behavior of RT should be
> retained. Similarly if uclamp is not selected in the config.
> Signed-off-by: Qais Yousef <>

Works for me; Steve you OK with this?

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