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SubjectRe: [PATCH v6] taskstats: fix data-race
On Wed, Oct 23, 2019 at 02:39:55PM +0200, Dmitry Vyukov wrote:
> On Wed, Oct 23, 2019 at 2:16 PM Andrea Parri <parri.andrea@gmail.com> wrote:
> >
> > On Mon, Oct 21, 2019 at 01:33:27PM +0200, Christian Brauner wrote:
> > > When assiging and testing taskstats in taskstats_exit() there's a race
> > > when writing and reading sig->stats when a thread-group with more than
> > > one thread exits:
> > >
> > > cpu0:
> > > thread catches fatal signal and whole thread-group gets taken down
> > > do_exit()
> > > do_group_exit()
> > > taskstats_exit()
> > > taskstats_tgid_alloc()
> > > The tasks reads sig->stats without holding sighand lock.
> > >
> > > cpu1:
> > > task calls exit_group()
> > > do_exit()
> > > do_group_exit()
> > > taskstats_exit()
> > > taskstats_tgid_alloc()
> > > The task takes sighand lock and assigns new stats to sig->stats.
> > >
> > > The first approach used smp_load_acquire() and smp_store_release().
> > > However, after having discussed this it seems that the data dependency
> > > for kmem_cache_alloc() would be fixed by WRITE_ONCE().
> > > Furthermore, the smp_load_acquire() would only manage to order the stats
> > > check before the thread_group_empty() check. So it seems just using
> > > READ_ONCE() and WRITE_ONCE() will do the job and I wanted to bring this
> > > up for discussion at least.
> >
> > Mmh, the RELEASE was intended to order the memory initialization in
> > kmem_cache_zalloc() with the later ->stats pointer assignment; AFAICT,
> > there is no data dependency between such memory accesses.
>
> I agree. This needs smp_store_release. The latest version that I
> looked at contained:
> smp_store_release(&sig->stats, stats_new);

This is what really makes me wonder. Can the compiler really re-order
the kmem_cache_zalloc() call with the assignment. If that's really the
case then shouldn't all allocation functions have compiler barriers in
them? This then seems like a very generic problem.

>
> > Correspondingly, the ACQUIRE was intended to order the ->stats pointer
> > load with later, _independent dereferences of the same pointer; the
> > latter are, e.g., in taskstats_exit() (but not thread_group_empty()).
>
> How these later loads can be completely independent of the pointer
> value? They need to obtain the pointer value from somewhere. And this
> can only be done by loaded it. And if a thread loads a pointer and
> then dereferences that pointer, that's a data/address dependency and
> we assume this is now covered by READ_ONCE.
> Or these later loads of the pointer can also race with the store? If

To clarify, later loads as in taskstats_exit() and thread_group_empty(),
not the later load in the double-checked locking case.

> so, I think they also need to use READ_ONCE (rather than turn this earlier
> pointer load into acquire).

Using READ_ONCE() in the alloc, taskstat_exit(), and
thread_group_empty() case.

Christian

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