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SubjectRe: [PATCH v7 1/7] KVM: CPUID: Fix IA32_XSS support in CPUID(0xd,i) enumeration
On Wed, Oct 02, 2019 at 10:26:10AM -0700, Jim Mattson wrote:
> On Thu, Sep 26, 2019 at 7:17 PM Yang Weijiang <weijiang.yang@intel.com> wrote:
> > @@ -414,6 +419,50 @@ static inline void do_cpuid_7_mask(struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 *entry, int index)
> > }
> > }
> >
> > +static inline void do_cpuid_0xd_mask(struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 *entry, int index)
> > +{
> > + unsigned int f_xsaves = kvm_x86_ops->xsaves_supported() ? F(XSAVES) : 0;
>
> Does Intel have CPUs that support XSAVES but don't support the "enable
> XSAVES/XRSTORS" VM-execution control?

I doubt it.

> If so, what is the behavior of XSAVESXRSTORS on those CPUs in VMX
> non-root mode?

#UD. If not, the CPU would be in violation of the SDM:

If the "enable XSAVES/XRSTORS" VM-execution control is 0, XRSTORS causes
an invalid-opcode exception (#UD).

> If not, why is this conditional F(XSAVES) here?

Because it's technically legal for the control to not be supported even
if the host doesn't have support.

> > + /* cpuid 0xD.1.eax */
> > + const u32 kvm_cpuid_D_1_eax_x86_features =
> > + F(XSAVEOPT) | F(XSAVEC) | F(XGETBV1) | f_xsaves;
> > + u64 u_supported = kvm_supported_xcr0();
> > + u64 s_supported = kvm_supported_xss();
> > + u64 supported;
> > +
> > + switch (index) {
> > + case 0:
> > + entry->eax &= u_supported;
> > + entry->ebx = xstate_required_size(u_supported, false);
>
> EBX could actually be zero, couldn't it? Since this output is
> context-dependent, I'm not sure how to interpret it when returned from
> KVM_GET_SUPPORTED_CPUID.

*sigh*. It took me something like ten read throughs to understand what
you're saying.

Yes, it could be zero, though that ship may have sailed since the previous
code reported a non-zero value. Whatever is done, KVM should be consistent
for all indices, i.e. either report zero or the max size.

> > + entry->ecx = entry->ebx;
> > + entry->edx = 0;
>
> Shouldn't this be: entry->edx &= u_supported >> 32?

Probably. The confusion likely stems from this wording in the SDM, where
it states the per-bit behavior and then also says all bits are reserved.
I think it makes sense to do as Jim suggested, and defer the reserved bit
handling to kvm_supported_{xcr0,xss}().

Bit 31 - 00: Reports the supported bits of the upper 32 bits of XCR0.
XCR0[n+32] can be set to 1 only if EDX[n] is 1.
Bits 31 - 00: Reserved

> > + break;
> > + case 1:
> > + supported = u_supported | s_supported;
> > + entry->eax &= kvm_cpuid_D_1_eax_x86_features;
> > + cpuid_mask(&entry->eax, CPUID_D_1_EAX);
> > + entry->ebx = 0;
> > + entry->edx = 0;
>
> Shouldn't this be: entry->edx &= s_supported >> 32?

Same as above.

> > + entry->ecx &= s_supported;
> > + if (entry->eax & (F(XSAVES) | F(XSAVEC)))
> > + entry->ebx = xstate_required_size(supported, true);
>
> As above, can't EBX just be zero, since it's context-dependent? What
> is the context when processing KVM_GET_SUPPORTED_CPUID? And why do we
> only fill this in when XSAVES or XSAVEC is supported?
>
> > + break;
> > + default:
> > + supported = (entry->ecx & 1) ? s_supported : u_supported;
> > + if (!(supported & ((u64)1 << index))) {
>
> Nit: 1ULL << index.

Even better: BIT_ULL(index)

> > + entry->eax = 0;
> > + entry->ebx = 0;
> > + entry->ecx = 0;
> > + entry->edx = 0;
> > + return;
> > + }
> > + if (entry->ecx)
> > + entry->ebx = 0;
>
> This seems to back up my claims above regarding the EBX output for
> cases 0 and 1, but aside from those subleaves, is this correct? For
> subleaves > 1, ECX bit 1 can be set for extended state components that
> need to be cache-line aligned. Such components could map to a valid
> bit in XCR0 and have a non-zero offset from the beginning of the
> non-compacted XSAVE area.
>
> > + entry->edx = 0;
>
> This seems too aggressive. See my comments above regarding EDX outputs
> for cases 0 and 1.
>
> > + break;
> > + }
> > +}

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