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SubjectRe: [PATCH v5 11/14] software node: move small properties inline when copying
On Wed, Oct 16, 2019 at 10:48:57AM +0300, Andy Shevchenko wrote:
> On Tue, Oct 15, 2019 at 11:25:53AM -0700, Dmitry Torokhov wrote:
> > On Tue, Oct 15, 2019 at 03:20:28PM +0300, Andy Shevchenko wrote:
> > > On Fri, Oct 11, 2019 at 04:07:18PM -0700, Dmitry Torokhov wrote:
> > > > When copying/duplicating set of properties, move smaller properties that
> > > > were stored separately directly inside property entry structures. We can
> > > > move:
> > > >
> > > > - up to 8 bytes from U8 arrays
> > > > - up to 4 words
> > > > - up to 2 double words
> > > > - one U64 value
> > > > - one or 2 strings.
> > >
> > > Can you show where you extract such values?
> >
> > the "value" union's largest member is u64, which is 8 bytes. Strings are
> > pointers, so on 32-bit arches you can stuff 2 pointers into 8 bytes,
> > while on 64-bits you have space for only one.
> >
> > >
> > > > + if (!dst->is_inline && dst->length <= sizeof(dst->value)) {
> > > > + /* We have an opportunity to move the data inline */
> > > > + const void *tmp = dst->pointer;
> > > > +
> > >
> > > > + memcpy(&dst->value, tmp, dst->length);
> > >
> > > ...because this is strange trick.
> >
> > Not sure what is so strange about it. You just take data that is stored
> > separately and move it into the structure, provided that it is not too
> > big (i.e. it does not exceed sizeof(value union) size).
>
> You store a value as union, but going to read as a member of union?
> I'm pretty sure it breaks standard rules.

No, I move the values _in place_ of the union, and the data is always
fetched via void pointers. And copying data via char * or memcpy() is
allowed even in C99 and C11.

But I am wondering why are we actually worrying about all of this? The
kernel is gnu89 and I think is going to stay this way because we use
initializers with a cast in a lot of places:

#define __RAW_SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(lockname) \
(raw_spinlock_t) __RAW_SPIN_LOCK_INITIALIZER(lockname)

and C99 and gnu99 do not allow this. See
https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20141019231031.GB9319@node.dhcp.inet.fi/

Thanks.

--
Dmitry

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