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SubjectRe: [PATCH v7 3/7] KVM: VMX: Pass through CET related MSRs to Guest
On Tue, Oct 8, 2019 at 11:13 PM Yang Weijiang <weijiang.yang@intel.com> wrote:
>
> On Wed, Oct 02, 2019 at 11:18:32AM -0700, Jim Mattson wrote:
> > On Thu, Sep 26, 2019 at 7:17 PM Yang Weijiang <weijiang.yang@intel.com> wrote:
> > >
> > > CET MSRs pass through Guest directly to enhance performance.
> > > CET runtime control settings are stored in MSR_IA32_{U,S}_CET,
> > > Shadow Stack Pointer(SSP) are stored in MSR_IA32_PL{0,1,2,3}_SSP,
> > > SSP table base address is stored in MSR_IA32_INT_SSP_TAB,
> > > these MSRs are defined in kernel and re-used here.
> >
> > All of these new guest MSRs will have to be enumerated by
> > KVM_GET_MSR_INDEX_LIST.
> >
> Since CET feature is Intel platform specific, but looks like KVM_GET_MSR_INDEX_LIST
> fetchs x86 common MSRs, I have patch in QEMU to support CET
> MSRs, the patch is here:
> https://patchwork.ozlabs.org/patch/1058265/

Qemu is not the only user of kvm. All possible guest MSRs for the
platform *must* be enumerated by KVM_GET_MSR_INDEX_LIST. A number of
Intel-specific MSRs are already enumerated.

> > > MSR_IA32_U_CET and MSR_IA32_PL3_SSP are used for user mode protection,
> > > the contents could differ from process to process, therefore,
> > > kernel needs to save/restore them during context switch, it makes
> > > sense to pass through them so that the guest kernel can
> > > use xsaves/xrstors to operate them efficiently. Other MSRs are used
> > > for non-user mode protection. See CET spec for detailed info.
> >
> > I assume that XSAVES & XRSTORS bypass the MSR permission bitmap, like
> > other instructions that manipulate MSRs (e.g. SWAPGS, RDTSCP, etc.).
> > Is the guest OS likely to use RDMSR/WRMSR to access these MSRs?
> >
> Yes, exactly, you may check the CET kernel code.
>
> > > The difference between CET VMCS state fields and xsave components is that,
> > > the former used for CET state storage during VMEnter/VMExit,
> > > whereas the latter used for state retention between Guest task/process
> > > switch.
> > >
> > > Co-developed-by: Zhang Yi Z <yi.z.zhang@linux.intel.com>
> > > Signed-off-by: Zhang Yi Z <yi.z.zhang@linux.intel.com>
> > > Signed-off-by: Yang Weijiang <weijiang.yang@intel.com>
> > > ---
> > > arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c | 1 +
> > > arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.h | 2 ++
> > > arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c | 39 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > > 3 files changed, 42 insertions(+)
> > >
> > > diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c b/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c
> > > index 1aa86b87b6ab..0a47b9e565be 100644
> > > --- a/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c
> > > +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c
> > > @@ -66,6 +66,7 @@ u64 kvm_supported_xss(void)
> > > {
> > > return KVM_SUPPORTED_XSS & kvm_x86_ops->supported_xss();
> > > }
> > > +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_supported_xss);
> > >
> > > #define F(x) bit(X86_FEATURE_##x)
> > >
> > > diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.h b/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.h
> > > index d78a61408243..1d77b880084d 100644
> > > --- a/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.h
> > > +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.h
> > > @@ -27,6 +27,8 @@ bool kvm_cpuid(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u32 *eax, u32 *ebx,
> > >
> > > int cpuid_query_maxphyaddr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
> > >
> > > +u64 kvm_supported_xss(void);
> > > +
> > > static inline int cpuid_maxphyaddr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> > > {
> > > return vcpu->arch.maxphyaddr;
> > > diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c
> > > index a84198cff397..f720baa7a9ba 100644
> > > --- a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c
> > > +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c
> > > @@ -7001,6 +7001,43 @@ static void update_intel_pt_cfg(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> > > vmx->pt_desc.ctl_bitmask &= ~(0xfULL << (32 + i * 4));
> > > }
> > >
> > > +static void vmx_intercept_cet_msrs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> >
> > Nit: It seems like this function adjusts the MSR permission bitmap so
> > as *not* to intercept the CET MSRs.
> >
> OK, will rename it.
> > > +{
> > > + struct vcpu_vmx *vmx = to_vmx(vcpu);
> > > + unsigned long *msr_bitmap;
> > > + u64 kvm_xss;
> > > + bool cet_en;
> > > +
> > > + msr_bitmap = vmx->vmcs01.msr_bitmap;
> >
> > What about nested guests? (i.e. vmcs02).
> >
> Hmm, I need to check the nested case, thank you.
>
> > > + kvm_xss = kvm_supported_xss();
> > > + cet_en = guest_cpuid_has(vcpu, X86_FEATURE_SHSTK) ||
> > > + guest_cpuid_has(vcpu, X86_FEATURE_IBT);
> > > + /*
> > > + * U_CET is a must for USER CET, per CET spec., U_CET and PL3_SPP are
> > > + * a bundle for USER CET xsaves.
> > > + */
> > > + if (cet_en && (kvm_xss & XFEATURE_MASK_CET_USER)) {
> > > + vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(msr_bitmap, MSR_IA32_U_CET, MSR_TYPE_RW);
> > > + vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(msr_bitmap, MSR_IA32_PL3_SSP, MSR_TYPE_RW);
> > > + }
> >
> > Since this is called from vmx_cpuid_update, what happens if cet_en was
> > previously true and now it's false?
> >
> Yes, it's likely, but guest CPUID usually is fixed before
> guest is launched, do you have any suggestion?

How about an else clause?

> > > + /*
> > > + * S_CET is a must for KERNEL CET, PL0_SSP ... PL2_SSP are a bundle
> > > + * for CET KERNEL xsaves.
> > > + */
> > > + if (cet_en && (kvm_xss & XFEATURE_MASK_CET_KERNEL)) {
> > > + vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(msr_bitmap, MSR_IA32_S_CET, MSR_TYPE_RW);
> > > + vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(msr_bitmap, MSR_IA32_PL0_SSP, MSR_TYPE_RW);
> > > + vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(msr_bitmap, MSR_IA32_PL1_SSP, MSR_TYPE_RW);
> > > + vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(msr_bitmap, MSR_IA32_PL2_SSP, MSR_TYPE_RW);
> > > +
> > > + /* SSP_TAB only available for KERNEL SHSTK.*/
> > > + if (guest_cpuid_has(vcpu, X86_FEATURE_SHSTK))
> > > + vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(msr_bitmap, MSR_IA32_INT_SSP_TAB,
> > > + MSR_TYPE_RW);
> > > + }
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > static void vmx_cpuid_update(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> > > {
> > > struct vcpu_vmx *vmx = to_vmx(vcpu);
> > > @@ -7025,6 +7062,8 @@ static void vmx_cpuid_update(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> > > if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_INTEL_PT) &&
> > > guest_cpuid_has(vcpu, X86_FEATURE_INTEL_PT))
> > > update_intel_pt_cfg(vcpu);
> > > +
> > > + vmx_intercept_cet_msrs(vcpu);
> > > }
> > >
> > > static void vmx_set_supported_cpuid(u32 func, struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 *entry)
> > > --
> > > 2.17.2
> > >

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