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SubjectRe: [Patch 16/16] media: ti-vpe: vpe: don't rely on colorspace member for conversion
Hans Verkuil <hverkuil@xs4all.nl> wrote on Mon [2019-Sep-30 11:05:13 +0200]:
> On 9/27/19 8:36 PM, Benoit Parrot wrote:
> > Up to now VPE was relying on the colorspace value of struct v4l2_format
> > as an indication to perform color space conversion from YUV to RGB or
> > not.
> >
> > Instead we should used the source/destination fourcc codes as a more
> > reliable indication to perform color space conversion or not.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Benoit Parrot <bparrot@ti.com>
> > ---
> > drivers/media/platform/ti-vpe/vpe.c | 41 ++++++++++++++++++++++-------
> > 1 file changed, 32 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/media/platform/ti-vpe/vpe.c b/drivers/media/platform/ti-vpe/vpe.c
> > index e30981cd3e8f..d002adc6263f 100644
> > --- a/drivers/media/platform/ti-vpe/vpe.c
> > +++ b/drivers/media/platform/ti-vpe/vpe.c
> > @@ -353,6 +353,32 @@ enum {
> > Q_DATA_DST = 1,
> > };
> >
> > +static bool is_fmt_rgb(u32 fourcc)
> > +{
> > + if (fourcc == V4L2_PIX_FMT_RGB24 ||
> > + fourcc == V4L2_PIX_FMT_BGR24 ||
> > + fourcc == V4L2_PIX_FMT_RGB32 ||
> > + fourcc == V4L2_PIX_FMT_BGR32 ||
> > + fourcc == V4L2_PIX_FMT_RGB565 ||
> > + fourcc == V4L2_PIX_FMT_RGB555)
> > + return true;
> > +
> > + return false;
> > +}
>
> Why not add a 'bool is_rgb' to struct vpe_fmt?
>
> It is all too easy to forget to update this function if a new RGB format is
> added to the vpe_formats array in the future.

Yeah I debate going that route also.
I can change it easily enough.

Although, depending on the further changes required below this may be moot.
We'll see.

>
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * This helper is only used to setup the color space converter
> > + * the actual value returned is only to broadly differentiate between
> > + * RGB and YUV
> > + */
> > +static enum v4l2_colorspace fourcc_to_colorspace(u32 fourcc)
>
> double space after enum.

Arrg, I'll fix that.

>
> > +{
> > + if (is_fmt_rgb(fourcc))
> > + return V4L2_COLORSPACE_SRGB;
> > +
> > + return V4L2_COLORSPACE_SMPTE170M;
> > +}
>
> This is highly confusing. RGB or YUV conversion does not change the colorspace
> at all.
>

Well I see here that I am missing some understanding.
But as you saw all I am trying to get to is this: do we need to setup YUV
to RGB conversion or not.

Regarding csc_set_coeff() I was not trying to re-write it but use the
pixel_formats as hint. I understand that this might not be as flexible as
it needs to be (meaning handling colorspace, xfer_func, ycbr_encoding or
quantization in a sane way) but to at least get the correct direction of the
conversion. At the moment VPE driver only handles YUV to RGB conversion.


> There are four colorimetry related fields: colorspace, xfer_func, ycbcr_enc and
> quantization. Most hardware (including this one AFAICT) have a 3x3 matrix + a
> vector to do the conversion. This only allows you to convert between different
> ycbcr encodings and quantization ranges. The colorspace and xfer_func parameters
> stay unchanged (you need gamma tables and two other 3x3 matrices for that).
>
> So if you want to set up the 3x3 matrix + vector correctly, then you need to
> provide the ycbcr_enc value + quantization value of the source to your function.
> ycbcr_enc is only valid of YUV pixelformats, of course, and you can use
> V4L2_MAP_COLORSPACE_DEFAULT, V4L2_MAP_YCBCR_ENC_DEFAULT and V4L2_MAP_QUANTIZATION_DEFAULT
> if one or more of these values as set by userspace are 0.
>
> Since the V4L2 API does not (yet) support setting ycbcr_enc and quantization for the
> capture queue you have to provide that information yourself:
>
> For RGB ycbcr_enc is of course ignored, and quantization should be full range.
> For YUV it depends: the quantization is always limited range, but for the ycbcr_enc
> you have a choice: if the source was YUV, then you can decide to just copy the
> ycbcr_enc value. Alternatively, you can convert to 601 for SDTV and 709 for anything
> else. The latter is also the recommended choice if the source was RGB.
>
> In any case, please do not use enum v4l2_colorspace in the csc_set_coeff function:
> it's misleading.

But I guess I can rewrite the csc_set_coeff() module API to use at least
pixel_format instead of enum_colorspace at least as a first step.

Full color space parameters support (meaning all 4 of them) would probably
be better done as its own future patch series.

Benoit

>
> https://hverkuil.home.xs4all.nl/spec/uapi/v4l/colorspaces.html and the following two
> sections contain a lot of information about how colorspaces work.
>
> Regards,
>
> Hans
>
> > +
> > /* find our format description corresponding to the passed v4l2_format */
> > static struct vpe_fmt *__find_format(u32 fourcc)
> > {
> > @@ -764,11 +790,10 @@ static void set_src_registers(struct vpe_ctx *ctx)
> > static void set_dst_registers(struct vpe_ctx *ctx)
> > {
> > struct vpe_mmr_adb *mmr_adb = ctx->mmr_adb.addr;
> > - enum v4l2_colorspace clrspc = ctx->q_data[Q_DATA_DST].colorspace;
> > struct vpe_fmt *fmt = ctx->q_data[Q_DATA_DST].fmt;
> > u32 val = 0;
> >
> > - if (clrspc == V4L2_COLORSPACE_SRGB) {
> > + if (is_fmt_rgb(fmt->fourcc)) {
> > val |= VPE_RGB_OUT_SELECT;
> > vpdma_set_bg_color(ctx->dev->vpdma,
> > (struct vpdma_data_format *)fmt->vpdma_fmt[0], 0xff);
> > @@ -912,7 +937,8 @@ static int set_srcdst_params(struct vpe_ctx *ctx)
> > set_dei_regs(ctx);
> >
> > csc_set_coeff(ctx->dev->csc, &mmr_adb->csc_regs[0],
> > - s_q_data->colorspace, d_q_data->colorspace);
> > + fourcc_to_colorspace(s_q_data->fmt->fourcc),
> > + fourcc_to_colorspace(d_q_data->fmt->fourcc));
> >
> > sc_set_hs_coeffs(ctx->dev->sc, ctx->sc_coeff_h.addr, src_w, dst_w);
> > sc_set_vs_coeffs(ctx->dev->sc, ctx->sc_coeff_v.addr, src_h, dst_h);
> > @@ -1285,7 +1311,7 @@ static void device_run(void *priv)
> > if (ctx->deinterlacing)
> > add_out_dtd(ctx, VPE_PORT_MV_OUT);
> >
> > - if (d_q_data->colorspace == V4L2_COLORSPACE_SRGB) {
> > + if (is_fmt_rgb(d_q_data->fmt->fourcc)) {
> > add_out_dtd(ctx, VPE_PORT_RGB_OUT);
> > } else {
> > add_out_dtd(ctx, VPE_PORT_LUMA_OUT);
> > @@ -1327,7 +1353,7 @@ static void device_run(void *priv)
> > }
> >
> > /* sync on channel control descriptors for output ports */
> > - if (d_q_data->colorspace == V4L2_COLORSPACE_SRGB) {
> > + if (is_fmt_rgb(d_q_data->fmt->fourcc)) {
> > vpdma_add_sync_on_channel_ctd(&ctx->desc_list,
> > VPE_CHAN_RGB_OUT);
> > } else {
> > @@ -1682,10 +1708,7 @@ static int __vpe_try_fmt(struct vpe_ctx *ctx, struct v4l2_format *f,
> > height = pix->height;
> >
> > if (!pix->colorspace) {
> > - if (fmt->fourcc == V4L2_PIX_FMT_RGB24 ||
> > - fmt->fourcc == V4L2_PIX_FMT_BGR24 ||
> > - fmt->fourcc == V4L2_PIX_FMT_RGB32 ||
> > - fmt->fourcc == V4L2_PIX_FMT_BGR32) {
> > + if (is_fmt_rgb(fmt->fourcc)) {
> > pix->colorspace = V4L2_COLORSPACE_SRGB;
> > } else {
> > if (height > 1280) /* HD */
> >
>

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