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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 2/3] media: i2c: Add IMX290 CMOS image sensor driver
Hi Sakari,

On Mon, Sep 23, 2019 at 12:22:09PM +0300, Sakari Ailus wrote:
> Hi Manivannan,
>
> On Fri, Aug 30, 2019 at 02:49:42PM +0530, Manivannan Sadhasivam wrote:
> > Add driver for Sony IMX290 CMOS image sensor driver. The driver only
> > supports I2C interface for programming and MIPI CSI-2 for sensor output.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Manivannan Sadhasivam <manivannan.sadhasivam@linaro.org>
> > ---
> > drivers/media/i2c/Kconfig | 11 +
> > drivers/media/i2c/Makefile | 1 +
> > drivers/media/i2c/imx290.c | 881 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > 3 files changed, 893 insertions(+)
> > create mode 100644 drivers/media/i2c/imx290.c
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/media/i2c/Kconfig b/drivers/media/i2c/Kconfig
> > index 79ce9ec6fc1b..4ebb80b18748 100644
> > --- a/drivers/media/i2c/Kconfig
> > +++ b/drivers/media/i2c/Kconfig
> > @@ -595,6 +595,17 @@ config VIDEO_IMX274
> > This is a V4L2 sensor driver for the Sony IMX274
> > CMOS image sensor.
> >
> > +config VIDEO_IMX290
> > + tristate "Sony IMX290 sensor support"
> > + depends on I2C && VIDEO_V4L2 && VIDEO_V4L2_SUBDEV_API
> > + depends on MEDIA_CAMERA_SUPPORT
>
> Please drop this line. It will be redundant very soon.
>

okay.

> > + help
> > + This is a Video4Linux2 sensor driver for the Sony
> > + IMX290 camera sensor.
> > +
> > + To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the
> > + module will be called imx290.
> > +
> > config VIDEO_IMX319
> > tristate "Sony IMX319 sensor support"
> > depends on I2C && VIDEO_V4L2 && VIDEO_V4L2_SUBDEV_API
> > diff --git a/drivers/media/i2c/Makefile b/drivers/media/i2c/Makefile
> > index fd4ea86dedd5..04411ddb4922 100644
> > --- a/drivers/media/i2c/Makefile
> > +++ b/drivers/media/i2c/Makefile
> > @@ -111,6 +111,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_VIDEO_TC358743) += tc358743.o
> > obj-$(CONFIG_VIDEO_IMX214) += imx214.o
> > obj-$(CONFIG_VIDEO_IMX258) += imx258.o
> > obj-$(CONFIG_VIDEO_IMX274) += imx274.o
> > +obj-$(CONFIG_VIDEO_IMX290) += imx290.o
> > obj-$(CONFIG_VIDEO_IMX319) += imx319.o
> > obj-$(CONFIG_VIDEO_IMX355) += imx355.o
> > obj-$(CONFIG_VIDEO_ST_MIPID02) += st-mipid02.o
> > diff --git a/drivers/media/i2c/imx290.c b/drivers/media/i2c/imx290.c
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 000000000000..db5bb0d69eb8
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/drivers/media/i2c/imx290.c
> > @@ -0,0 +1,881 @@
> > +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> > +/*
> > + * Sony IMX290 CMOS Image Sensor Driver
> > + *
> > + * Copyright (C) 2019 FRAMOS GmbH.
> > + *
> > + * Copyright (C) 2019 Linaro Ltd.
> > + * Author: Manivannan Sadhasivam <manivannan.sadhasivam@linaro.org>
> > + */
> > +
> > +#include <linux/clk.h>
> > +#include <linux/delay.h>
> > +#include <linux/gpio/consumer.h>
> > +#include <linux/i2c.h>
> > +#include <linux/module.h>
> > +#include <linux/pm_runtime.h>
> > +#include <linux/regmap.h>
> > +#include <linux/regulator/consumer.h>
> > +#include <media/media-entity.h>
> > +#include <media/v4l2-ctrls.h>
> > +#include <media/v4l2-device.h>
> > +#include <media/v4l2-fwnode.h>
> > +#include <media/v4l2-subdev.h>
> > +
> > +#define IMX290_STANDBY 0x3000
> > +#define IMX290_REGHOLD 0x3001
> > +#define IMX290_XMSTA 0x3002
> > +#define IMX290_GAIN 0x3014
> > +
> > +#define IMX290_DEFAULT_LINK_FREQ 445500000
> > +
> > +static const char * const imx290_supply_name[] = {
> > + "vdda",
> > + "vddd",
> > + "vdddo",
> > +};
> > +
> > +#define IMX290_NUM_SUPPLIES ARRAY_SIZE(imx290_supply_name)
> > +
> > +struct imx290_regval {
> > + u16 reg;
> > + u8 val;
> > +};
> > +
> > +struct imx290_mode {
> > + u32 width;
> > + u32 height;
> > + u32 pixel_rate;
> > + u32 link_freq_index;
> > +
> > + const struct imx290_regval *data;
> > + u32 data_size;
> > +};
> > +
> > +struct imx290 {
> > + struct device *dev;
> > + struct clk *xclk;
> > + struct regmap *regmap;
> > +
> > + struct v4l2_subdev sd;
> > + struct v4l2_fwnode_endpoint ep;
> > + struct media_pad pad;
> > + struct v4l2_mbus_framefmt current_format;
> > + const struct imx290_mode *current_mode;
> > +
> > + struct regulator_bulk_data supplies[IMX290_NUM_SUPPLIES];
> > + struct gpio_desc *rst_gpio;
> > +
> > + struct v4l2_ctrl_handler ctrls;
> > + struct v4l2_ctrl *link_freq;
> > + struct v4l2_ctrl *pixel_rate;
> > +
> > + struct mutex lock;
> > +};
> > +
> > +struct imx290_pixfmt {
> > + u32 code;
> > +};
> > +
> > +static const struct imx290_pixfmt imx290_formats[] = {
> > + { MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SRGGB10_1X10 },
>
> You have a single format here. You don't need the entire array, do you?
>
> Unless you have plans to add more, that is.
>

Yes, the sensor supports RAW12 format as well and it will be added once
this driver is merged.

> > +};
> > +
> > +static struct regmap_config imx290_regmap_config = {
> > + .reg_bits = 16,
> > + .val_bits = 8,
> > + .cache_type = REGCACHE_RBTREE,
> > +};
> > +
> > +static const struct imx290_regval imx290_global_init_settings[] = {
> > + { 0x3007, 0x00 },
> > + { 0x3009, 0x00 },
> > + { 0x3018, 0x65 },
> > + { 0x3019, 0x04 },
> > + { 0x301a, 0x00 },
> > + { 0x3443, 0x03 },
> > + { 0x3444, 0x20 },
> > + { 0x3445, 0x25 },
> > + { 0x3407, 0x03 },
> > + { 0x303a, 0x0c },
> > + { 0x3040, 0x00 },
> > + { 0x3041, 0x00 },
> > + { 0x303c, 0x00 },
> > + { 0x303d, 0x00 },
> > + { 0x3042, 0x9c },
> > + { 0x3043, 0x07 },
> > + { 0x303e, 0x49 },
> > + { 0x303f, 0x04 },
> > + { 0x304b, 0x0a },
> > + { 0x300f, 0x00 },
> > + { 0x3010, 0x21 },
> > + { 0x3012, 0x64 },
> > + { 0x3016, 0x09 },
> > + { 0x3070, 0x02 },
> > + { 0x3071, 0x11 },
> > + { 0x309b, 0x10 },
> > + { 0x309c, 0x22 },
> > + { 0x30a2, 0x02 },
> > + { 0x30a6, 0x20 },
> > + { 0x30a8, 0x20 },
> > + { 0x30aa, 0x20 },
> > + { 0x30ac, 0x20 },
> > + { 0x30b0, 0x43 },
> > + { 0x3119, 0x9e },
> > + { 0x311c, 0x1e },
> > + { 0x311e, 0x08 },
> > + { 0x3128, 0x05 },
> > + { 0x313d, 0x83 },
> > + { 0x3150, 0x03 },
> > + { 0x317e, 0x00 },
> > + { 0x32b8, 0x50 },
> > + { 0x32b9, 0x10 },
> > + { 0x32ba, 0x00 },
> > + { 0x32bb, 0x04 },
> > + { 0x32c8, 0x50 },
> > + { 0x32c9, 0x10 },
> > + { 0x32ca, 0x00 },
> > + { 0x32cb, 0x04 },
> > + { 0x332c, 0xd3 },
> > + { 0x332d, 0x10 },
> > + { 0x332e, 0x0d },
> > + { 0x3358, 0x06 },
> > + { 0x3359, 0xe1 },
> > + { 0x335a, 0x11 },
> > + { 0x3360, 0x1e },
> > + { 0x3361, 0x61 },
> > + { 0x3362, 0x10 },
> > + { 0x33b0, 0x50 },
> > + { 0x33b2, 0x1a },
> > + { 0x33b3, 0x04 },
> > +};
> > +
> > +static const struct imx290_regval imx290_1080p_settings[] = {
> > + /* mode settings */
> > + { 0x3007, 0x00 },
> > + { 0x303a, 0x0c },
> > + { 0x3414, 0x0a },
> > + { 0x3472, 0x80 },
> > + { 0x3473, 0x07 },
> > + { 0x3418, 0x38 },
> > + { 0x3419, 0x04 },
> > + { 0x3012, 0x64 },
> > + { 0x3013, 0x00 },
> > + { 0x305c, 0x18 },
> > + { 0x305d, 0x03 },
> > + { 0x305e, 0x20 },
> > + { 0x305f, 0x01 },
> > + { 0x315e, 0x1a },
> > + { 0x3164, 0x1a },
> > + { 0x3480, 0x49 },
> > + /* data rate settings */
> > + { 0x3009, 0x01 },
> > + { 0x3405, 0x10 },
> > + { 0x3446, 0x57 },
> > + { 0x3447, 0x00 },
> > + { 0x3448, 0x37 },
> > + { 0x3449, 0x00 },
> > + { 0x344a, 0x1f },
> > + { 0x344b, 0x00 },
> > + { 0x344c, 0x1f },
> > + { 0x344d, 0x00 },
> > + { 0x344e, 0x1f },
> > + { 0x344f, 0x00 },
> > + { 0x3450, 0x77 },
> > + { 0x3451, 0x00 },
> > + { 0x3452, 0x1f },
> > + { 0x3453, 0x00 },
> > + { 0x3454, 0x17 },
> > + { 0x3455, 0x00 },
> > + { 0x301c, 0x98 },
> > + { 0x301d, 0x08 },
> > +};
> > +
> > +static const struct imx290_regval imx290_720p_settings[] = {
> > + /* mode settings */
> > + { 0x3007, 0x10 },
> > + { 0x303a, 0x06 },
> > + { 0x3414, 0x04 },
> > + { 0x3472, 0x00 },
> > + { 0x3473, 0x05 },
> > + { 0x3418, 0xd0 },
> > + { 0x3419, 0x02 },
> > + { 0x3012, 0x64 },
> > + { 0x3013, 0x00 },
> > + { 0x305c, 0x20 },
> > + { 0x305d, 0x00 },
> > + { 0x305e, 0x20 },
> > + { 0x305f, 0x01 },
> > + { 0x315e, 0x1a },
> > + { 0x3164, 0x1a },
> > + { 0x3480, 0x49 },
> > + /* data rate settings */
> > + { 0x3009, 0x01 },
> > + { 0x3405, 0x10 },
> > + { 0x3446, 0x4f },
> > + { 0x3447, 0x00 },
> > + { 0x3448, 0x2f },
> > + { 0x3449, 0x00 },
> > + { 0x344a, 0x17 },
> > + { 0x344b, 0x00 },
> > + { 0x344c, 0x17 },
> > + { 0x344d, 0x00 },
> > + { 0x344e, 0x17 },
> > + { 0x344f, 0x00 },
> > + { 0x3450, 0x57 },
> > + { 0x3451, 0x00 },
> > + { 0x3452, 0x17 },
> > + { 0x3453, 0x00 },
> > + { 0x3454, 0x17 },
> > + { 0x3455, 0x00 },
> > + { 0x301c, 0xe4 },
> > + { 0x301d, 0x0c },
> > +};
> > +
> > +static const struct imx290_regval imx290_10bit_settings[] = {
> > + { 0x3005, 0x00},
> > + { 0x3046, 0x00},
> > + { 0x3129, 0x1d},
> > + { 0x317c, 0x12},
> > + { 0x31ec, 0x37},
> > + { 0x3441, 0x0a},
> > + { 0x3442, 0x0a},
> > + { 0x300a, 0x3c},
> > + { 0x300b, 0x00},
> > +};
> > +
> > +/* supported link frequencies */
> > +static const s64 imx290_link_freq[] = {
> > + IMX290_DEFAULT_LINK_FREQ,
> > +};
> > +
> > +/* Mode configs */
> > +static const struct imx290_mode imx290_modes[] = {
> > + {
> > + .width = 1920,
> > + .height = 1080,
> > + .data = imx290_1080p_settings,
> > + .data_size = ARRAY_SIZE(imx290_1080p_settings),
> > + .pixel_rate = 178200000,
> > + .link_freq_index = 0,
> > + },
> > + {
> > + .width = 1280,
> > + .height = 720,
> > + .data = imx290_720p_settings,
> > + .data_size = ARRAY_SIZE(imx290_720p_settings),
> > + .pixel_rate = 178200000,
> > + .link_freq_index = 0,
> > + },
> > +};
> > +
> > +static inline struct imx290 *to_imx290(struct v4l2_subdev *_sd)
> > +{
> > + return container_of(_sd, struct imx290, sd);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static inline int imx290_read_reg(struct imx290 *imx290, u16 addr, u8 *value)
> > +{
> > + u32 regval;
>
> I don't remember for sure what I asked previously, but feel free to make
> this unsigned int again. The third argument of regmap_read() is of that
> type.
>

Yes, I overlooked this one.

> > + int ret;
> > +
> > + ret = regmap_read(imx290->regmap, addr, &regval);
> > + if (ret) {
> > + dev_err(imx290->dev, "I2C read failed for addr: %x\n", addr);
> > + return ret;
> > + }
> > +
> > + *value = regval & 0xff;
> > +
> > + return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int imx290_write_reg(struct imx290 *imx290, u16 addr, u8 value)
> > +{
> > + int ret;
> > +
> > + ret = regmap_write(imx290->regmap, addr, value);
> > + if (ret) {
> > + dev_err(imx290->dev, "I2C write failed for addr: %x\n", addr);
> > + return ret;
> > + }
> > +
> > + return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int imx290_set_register_array(struct imx290 *imx290,
> > + const struct imx290_regval *settings,
> > + unsigned int num_settings)
> > +{
> > + unsigned int i;
> > + int ret;
> > +
> > + for (i = 0; i < num_settings; ++i, ++settings) {
> > + ret = imx290_write_reg(imx290, settings->reg, settings->val);
> > + if (ret < 0)
> > + return ret;
> > +
> > + /* Settle time is 10ms for all registers */
> > + msleep(10);
> > + }
> > +
> > + return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int imx290_write_buffered_reg(struct imx290 *imx290, u16 address_low,
> > + u8 nr_regs, u32 value)
> > +{
> > + unsigned int i;
> > + int ret;
> > +
> > + ret = imx290_write_reg(imx290, IMX290_REGHOLD, 0x01);
> > + if (ret) {
> > + dev_err(imx290->dev, "Error setting hold register\n");
> > + return ret;
> > + }
> > +
> > + for (i = 0; i < nr_regs; i++) {
> > + ret = imx290_write_reg(imx290, address_low + i,
> > + (u8)(value >> (i * 8)));
> > + if (ret) {
> > + dev_err(imx290->dev, "Error writing buffered registers\n");
> > + return ret;
> > + }
> > + }
> > +
> > + ret = imx290_write_reg(imx290, IMX290_REGHOLD, 0x00);
> > + if (ret) {
> > + dev_err(imx290->dev, "Error setting hold register\n");
> > + return ret;
> > + }
> > +
> > + return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int imx290_set_gain(struct imx290 *imx290, u32 value)
> > +{
> > + int ret;
> > +
> > + u32 adjusted_value = (value * 10) / 3;
>
> What's the purpose of this? Why not to use the value directly?
>

The gain register accepts the value 10/3 of the actual gain required. Hence,
we need to manually do the calculation before updating the value. I can
add a comment here to clarify.

> > +
> > + ret = imx290_write_buffered_reg(imx290, IMX290_GAIN, 1, adjusted_value);
> > + if (ret)
> > + dev_err(imx290->dev, "Unable to write gain\n");
> > +
> > + return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int imx290_set_power_on(struct imx290 *imx290)
> > +{
> > + int ret;
> > +
> > + ret = clk_prepare_enable(imx290->xclk);
>
> Please move the code from this function to the runtime PM runtime suspend
> callback. The same for imx290_set_power_off().
>

May I know why? I think since this is being used only once, you're suggesting
to move to the callback function itself but please see the comment below. I
will reuse this function to power on the device during probe.

> > + if (ret) {
> > + dev_err(imx290->dev, "Failed to enable clock\n");
> > + return ret;
> > + }
> > +
> > + ret = regulator_bulk_enable(IMX290_NUM_SUPPLIES,
> > + imx290->supplies);
>
> Fits on a single line.
>

Ack.

> > + if (ret) {
> > + dev_err(imx290->dev, "Failed to enable regulators\n");
> > + goto xclk_off;
> > + }
> > +
> > + usleep_range(1, 2);
> > + gpiod_set_value_cansleep(imx290->rst_gpio, 1);
> > + usleep_range(30000, 31000);
> > +
> > + return 0;
> > +
> > +xclk_off:
> > + clk_disable_unprepare(imx290->xclk);
> > + return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +/* Stop streaming */
> > +static int imx290_stop_streaming(struct imx290 *imx290)
> > +{
> > + int ret;
> > +
> > + ret = imx290_write_reg(imx290, IMX290_STANDBY, 0x01);
> > + if (ret < 0)
> > + return ret;
> > +
> > + msleep(30);
> > +
> > + return imx290_write_reg(imx290, IMX290_XMSTA, 0x01);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void imx290_set_power_off(struct imx290 *imx290)
> > +{
> > + clk_disable_unprepare(imx290->xclk);
> > + gpiod_set_value_cansleep(imx290->rst_gpio, 0);
> > + regulator_bulk_disable(IMX290_NUM_SUPPLIES, imx290->supplies);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int imx290_set_ctrl(struct v4l2_ctrl *ctrl)
> > +{
> > + struct imx290 *imx290 = container_of(ctrl->handler,
> > + struct imx290, ctrls);
> > + int ret = 0;
> > +
> > + /* V4L2 controls values will be applied only when power is already up */
> > + if (!pm_runtime_get_if_in_use(imx290->dev))
> > + return 0;
> > +
> > + switch (ctrl->id) {
> > + case V4L2_CID_GAIN:
> > + ret = imx290_set_gain(imx290, ctrl->val);
> > + break;
> > + default:
> > + ret = -EINVAL;
> > + break;
> > + }
> > +
> > + pm_runtime_put(imx290->dev);
> > +
> > + return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static const struct v4l2_ctrl_ops imx290_ctrl_ops = {
> > + .s_ctrl = imx290_set_ctrl,
> > +};
> > +
> > +static int imx290_enum_mbus_code(struct v4l2_subdev *sd,
> > + struct v4l2_subdev_pad_config *cfg,
> > + struct v4l2_subdev_mbus_code_enum *code)
> > +{
> > + if (code->index >= ARRAY_SIZE(imx290_formats))
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > + code->code = imx290_formats[code->index].code;
> > +
> > + return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int imx290_get_fmt(struct v4l2_subdev *sd,
> > + struct v4l2_subdev_pad_config *cfg,
> > + struct v4l2_subdev_format *fmt)
> > +{
> > + struct imx290 *imx290 = to_imx290(sd);
> > + struct v4l2_mbus_framefmt *framefmt;
> > +
> > + mutex_lock(&imx290->lock);
> > +
> > + if (fmt->which == V4L2_SUBDEV_FORMAT_TRY)
> > + framefmt = v4l2_subdev_get_try_format(&imx290->sd, cfg,
> > + fmt->pad);
> > + else
> > + framefmt = &imx290->current_format;
> > +
> > + fmt->format = *framefmt;
> > +
> > + mutex_unlock(&imx290->lock);
> > +
> > + return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int imx290_set_fmt(struct v4l2_subdev *sd,
> > + struct v4l2_subdev_pad_config *cfg,
> > + struct v4l2_subdev_format *fmt)
> > +{
> > + struct imx290 *imx290 = to_imx290(sd);
> > + const struct imx290_mode *mode;
> > + struct v4l2_mbus_framefmt *format;
> > + int i, ret = 0;
>
> unsigned int i
>

okay.

> > +
> > + mutex_lock(&imx290->lock);
> > +
> > + mode = v4l2_find_nearest_size(imx290_modes,
> > + ARRAY_SIZE(imx290_modes),
> > + width, height,
> > + fmt->format.width, fmt->format.height);
> > +
> > + fmt->format.width = mode->width;
> > + fmt->format.height = mode->height;
> > +
> > + for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(imx290_formats); i++)
> > + if (imx290_formats[i].code == fmt->format.code)
> > + break;
> > +
> > + if (i >= ARRAY_SIZE(imx290_formats))
> > + i = 0;
> > +
> > + fmt->format.code = imx290_formats[i].code;
> > + fmt->format.field = V4L2_FIELD_NONE;
> > +
> > + if (fmt->which == V4L2_SUBDEV_FORMAT_TRY) {
> > + format = v4l2_subdev_get_try_format(sd, cfg, fmt->pad);
> > + } else {
> > + format = &imx290->current_format;
> > + __v4l2_ctrl_s_ctrl(imx290->link_freq, mode->link_freq_index);
> > + __v4l2_ctrl_s_ctrl_int64(imx290->pixel_rate, mode->pixel_rate);
> > +
> > + imx290->current_mode = mode;
> > + }
> > +
> > + *format = fmt->format;
> > +
> > + mutex_unlock(&imx290->lock);
> > +
> > + return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int imx290_entity_init_cfg(struct v4l2_subdev *subdev,
> > + struct v4l2_subdev_pad_config *cfg)
> > +{
> > + struct v4l2_subdev_format fmt = { 0 };
> > +
> > + fmt.which = cfg ? V4L2_SUBDEV_FORMAT_TRY : V4L2_SUBDEV_FORMAT_ACTIVE;
> > + fmt.format.width = 1920;
> > + fmt.format.height = 1080;
> > +
> > + imx290_set_fmt(subdev, cfg, &fmt);
> > +
> > + return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int imx290_write_current_format(struct imx290 *imx290,
> > + struct v4l2_mbus_framefmt *format)
> > +{
> > + int ret;
> > +
> > + switch (format->code) {
> > + case MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SRGGB10_1X10:
> > + ret = imx290_set_register_array(imx290, imx290_10bit_settings,
> > + ARRAY_SIZE(imx290_10bit_settings));
>
> Indentation.
>

okay.

> > + if (ret < 0) {
> > + dev_err(imx290->dev, "Could not set format registers\n");
> > + return ret;
> > + }
> > + break;
> > + default:
> > + dev_err(imx290->dev, "Unknown pixel format\n");
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > + }
> > +
> > + return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +/* Start streaming */
> > +static int imx290_start_streaming(struct imx290 *imx290)
> > +{
> > + int ret;
> > +
> > + /* Set init register settings */
> > + ret = imx290_set_register_array(imx290, imx290_global_init_settings,
> > + ARRAY_SIZE(imx290_global_init_settings));
> > + if (ret < 0) {
> > + dev_err(imx290->dev, "Could not set init registers\n");
> > + return ret;
> > + }
> > +
> > + /* Set current frame format */
> > + ret = imx290_write_current_format(imx290, &imx290->current_format);
> > + if (ret < 0) {
> > + dev_err(imx290->dev, "Could not set frame format\n");
> > + return ret;
> > + }
> > +
> > + /* Apply default values of current mode */
> > + ret = imx290_set_register_array(imx290, imx290->current_mode->data,
> > + imx290->current_mode->data_size);
> > + if (ret < 0) {
> > + dev_err(imx290->dev, "Could not set current mode\n");
> > + return ret;
> > + }
> > +
> > + /* Apply customized values from user */
> > + ret = v4l2_ctrl_handler_setup(imx290->sd.ctrl_handler);
> > + if (ret) {
> > + dev_err(imx290->dev, "Could not sync v4l2 controls\n");
> > + return ret;
> > + }
> > +
> > + ret = imx290_write_reg(imx290, IMX290_STANDBY, 0x00);
> > + if (ret < 0)
> > + return ret;
> > +
> > + msleep(30);
> > +
> > + /* Start streaming */
> > + return imx290_write_reg(imx290, IMX290_XMSTA, 0x00);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int imx290_set_stream(struct v4l2_subdev *sd, int enable)
> > +{
> > + struct imx290 *imx290 = to_imx290(sd);
> > + int ret = 0;
> > +
> > + if (enable) {
> > + ret = pm_runtime_get_sync(imx290->dev);
> > + if (ret < 0) {
> > + pm_runtime_put_noidle(imx290->dev);
> > + goto unlock_and_return;
> > + }
> > +
> > + ret = imx290_start_streaming(imx290);
> > + if (ret) {
> > + dev_err(imx290->dev, "Start stream failed\n");
> > + pm_runtime_put(imx290->dev);
> > + goto unlock_and_return;
> > + }
> > + } else {
> > + imx290_stop_streaming(imx290);
> > + pm_runtime_put(imx290->dev);
> > + }
> > +
> > +unlock_and_return:
> > +
> > + return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int imx290_get_regulators(struct device *dev, struct imx290 *imx290)
> > +{
> > + unsigned int i;
> > +
> > + for (i = 0; i < IMX290_NUM_SUPPLIES; i++)
> > + imx290->supplies[i].supply = imx290_supply_name[i];
> > +
> > + return devm_regulator_bulk_get(dev, IMX290_NUM_SUPPLIES,
> > + imx290->supplies);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int __maybe_unused imx290_runtime_resume(struct device *dev)
> > +{
> > + struct i2c_client *client = to_i2c_client(dev);
> > + struct v4l2_subdev *sd = i2c_get_clientdata(client);
> > + struct imx290 *imx290 = to_imx290(sd);
> > +
> > + return imx290_set_power_on(imx290);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int __maybe_unused imx290_runtime_suspend(struct device *dev)
> > +{
> > + struct i2c_client *client = to_i2c_client(dev);
> > + struct v4l2_subdev *sd = i2c_get_clientdata(client);
> > + struct imx290 *imx290 = to_imx290(sd);
> > +
> > + imx290_set_power_off(imx290);
> > +
> > + return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static const struct dev_pm_ops imx290_pm_ops = {
> > + SET_RUNTIME_PM_OPS(imx290_runtime_suspend,
> > + imx290_runtime_resume, NULL)
>
> Fits on a single line.
>

Ack.

> > +};
> > +
> > +static const struct v4l2_subdev_video_ops imx290_video_ops = {
> > + .s_stream = imx290_set_stream,
> > +};
> > +
> > +static const struct v4l2_subdev_pad_ops imx290_pad_ops = {
> > + .init_cfg = imx290_entity_init_cfg,
> > + .enum_mbus_code = imx290_enum_mbus_code,
> > + .get_fmt = imx290_get_fmt,
> > + .set_fmt = imx290_set_fmt,
> > +};
> > +
> > +static const struct v4l2_subdev_ops imx290_subdev_ops = {
> > + .video = &imx290_video_ops,
> > + .pad = &imx290_pad_ops,
> > +};
> > +
> > +static const struct media_entity_operations imx290_subdev_entity_ops = {
> > + .link_validate = v4l2_subdev_link_validate,
> > +};
> > +
> > +static int imx290_probe(struct i2c_client *client)
> > +{
> > + struct device *dev = &client->dev;
> > + struct fwnode_handle *endpoint;
> > + struct imx290 *imx290;
> > + u32 xclk_freq;
> > + int ret;
> > +
> > + imx290 = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(*imx290), GFP_KERNEL);
> > + if (!imx290)
> > + return -ENOMEM;
> > +
> > + imx290->dev = dev;
> > + imx290->regmap = devm_regmap_init_i2c(client, &imx290_regmap_config);
> > + if (IS_ERR(imx290->regmap)) {
> > + dev_err(dev, "Unable to initialize I2C\n");
> > + return -ENODEV;
> > + }
> > +
> > + endpoint = fwnode_graph_get_next_endpoint(dev_fwnode(dev), NULL);
> > + if (!endpoint) {
> > + dev_err(dev, "Endpoint node not found\n");
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > + }
> > +
> > + ret = v4l2_fwnode_endpoint_alloc_parse(endpoint, &imx290->ep);
>
> You're missing v4l2_fwnode_endpoint_free() below, both in error handling as
> for the successful case.
>

ah, yes. Will add.

> > + fwnode_handle_put(endpoint);
> > + if (ret) {
> > + dev_err(dev, "Parsing endpoint node failed\n");
> > + return ret;
> > + }
> > +
> > + if (!imx290->ep.nr_of_link_frequencies) {
> > + dev_err(dev, "link-frequency property not found in DT\n");
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > + }
> > +
> > + if (imx290->ep.link_frequencies[0] != IMX290_DEFAULT_LINK_FREQ) {
> > + dev_err(dev, "Unsupported link frequency\n");
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > + }
> > +
> > + /* Only CSI2 is supported for now */
> > + if (imx290->ep.bus_type != V4L2_MBUS_CSI2_DPHY) {
> > + dev_err(dev, "Unsupported bus type, should be CSI2\n");
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > + }
> > +
> > + /* Set default mode to max resolution */
> > + imx290->current_mode = &imx290_modes[0];
> > +
> > + /* get system clock (xclk) */
> > + imx290->xclk = devm_clk_get(dev, "xclk");
> > + if (IS_ERR(imx290->xclk)) {
> > + dev_err(dev, "Could not get xclk");
> > + return PTR_ERR(imx290->xclk);
> > + }
> > +
> > + ret = of_property_read_u32(dev->of_node, "clock-frequency", &xclk_freq);
>
> You're using the fwnode API elsewhere in the driver; please use
> fwnode_property_read_u32() here, too.
>

okay.

> > + if (ret) {
> > + dev_err(dev, "Could not get xclk frequency\n");
> > + return ret;
> > + }
> > +
> > + /* external clock must be 37.125 MHz */
> > + if (xclk_freq != 37125000) {
> > + dev_err(dev, "External clock frequency %u is not supported\n",
> > + xclk_freq);
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > + }
> > +
> > + ret = clk_set_rate(imx290->xclk, xclk_freq);
> > + if (ret) {
> > + dev_err(dev, "Could not set xclk frequency\n");
> > + return ret;
> > + }
> > +
> > + ret = imx290_get_regulators(dev, imx290);
> > + if (ret < 0) {
> > + dev_err(dev, "Cannot get regulators\n");
> > + return ret;
> > + }
> > +
> > + imx290->rst_gpio = devm_gpiod_get_optional(dev, "reset", GPIOD_ASIS);
> > + if (IS_ERR(imx290->rst_gpio)) {
> > + dev_err(dev, "Cannot get reset gpio\n");
> > + return PTR_ERR(imx290->rst_gpio);
> > + }
> > +
> > + mutex_init(&imx290->lock);
> > +
> > + v4l2_ctrl_handler_init(&imx290->ctrls, 3);
> > +
> > + v4l2_ctrl_new_std(&imx290->ctrls, &imx290_ctrl_ops,
> > + V4L2_CID_GAIN, 0, 72, 1, 0);
> > + imx290->link_freq = v4l2_ctrl_new_int_menu(&imx290->ctrls,
> > + &imx290_ctrl_ops,
> > + V4L2_CID_LINK_FREQ,
> > + ARRAY_SIZE(imx290_link_freq) - 1,
> > + 0, imx290_link_freq);
> > + if (imx290->link_freq)
> > + imx290->link_freq->flags |= V4L2_CTRL_FLAG_READ_ONLY;
> > +
> > + imx290->pixel_rate = v4l2_ctrl_new_std(&imx290->ctrls, &imx290_ctrl_ops,
> > + V4L2_CID_PIXEL_RATE, 1,
> > + INT_MAX, 1,
> > + imx290_modes[0].pixel_rate);
> > +
> > + imx290->sd.ctrl_handler = &imx290->ctrls;
> > +
> > + if (imx290->ctrls.error) {
> > + dev_err(dev, "Control initialization error %d\n",
> > + imx290->ctrls.error);
> > + ret = imx290->ctrls.error;
> > + goto free_ctrl;
> > + }
> > +
> > + v4l2_i2c_subdev_init(&imx290->sd, client, &imx290_subdev_ops);
> > + imx290->sd.flags |= V4L2_SUBDEV_FL_HAS_DEVNODE;
> > + imx290->sd.dev = &client->dev;
> > + imx290->sd.entity.ops = &imx290_subdev_entity_ops;
> > + imx290->sd.entity.function = MEDIA_ENT_F_CAM_SENSOR;
> > +
> > + imx290->pad.flags = MEDIA_PAD_FL_SOURCE;
> > + ret = media_entity_pads_init(&imx290->sd.entity, 1, &imx290->pad);
> > + if (ret < 0) {
> > + dev_err(dev, "Could not register media entity\n");
> > + goto free_ctrl;
> > + }
> > +
> > + ret = v4l2_async_register_subdev(&imx290->sd);
> > + if (ret < 0) {
> > + dev_err(dev, "Could not register v4l2 device\n");
> > + goto free_entity;
> > + }
> > +
> > + pm_runtime_set_active(dev);
> > + pm_runtime_enable(dev);
>
> Here, runtime PM's idea of your device's power state is that it's powered
> on. You'll need to manually call the function doing that before you're
> here. Otherewise there's a chance that the device will be powered off when
> the first use tries to access it. See e.g. the smiapp driver for an
> example.
>

This makes perfect sense. I think the code to turn on the device got removed
while migrating to pm_runtime. So, I'll use imx290_set_power_on() function
to power on the device.

Thanks,
Mani

> > + pm_runtime_idle(dev);
> > +
> > + return 0;
> > +
> > +free_entity:
> > + media_entity_cleanup(&imx290->sd.entity);
> > +free_ctrl:
> > + v4l2_ctrl_handler_free(&imx290->ctrls);
> > + mutex_destroy(&imx290->lock);
> > +
> > + return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int imx290_remove(struct i2c_client *client)
> > +{
> > + struct v4l2_subdev *sd = i2c_get_clientdata(client);
> > + struct imx290 *imx290 = to_imx290(sd);
> > +
> > + v4l2_async_unregister_subdev(sd);
> > + media_entity_cleanup(&sd->entity);
> > + v4l2_ctrl_handler_free(sd->ctrl_handler);
> > +
> > + mutex_destroy(&imx290->lock);
> > +
> > + pm_runtime_disable(imx290->dev);
> > + if (!pm_runtime_status_suspended(imx290->dev))
> > + imx290_set_power_off(imx290);
> > + pm_runtime_set_suspended(imx290->dev);
> > +
> > + return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static const struct of_device_id imx290_of_match[] = {
> > + { .compatible = "sony,imx290" },
> > + { /* sentinel */ }
> > +};
> > +MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, imx290_of_match);
> > +
> > +static struct i2c_driver imx290_i2c_driver = {
> > + .probe_new = imx290_probe,
> > + .remove = imx290_remove,
> > + .driver = {
> > + .name = "imx290",
> > + .pm = &imx290_pm_ops,
> > + .of_match_table = of_match_ptr(imx290_of_match),
> > + },
> > +};
> > +
> > +module_i2c_driver(imx290_i2c_driver);
> > +
> > +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Sony IMX290 CMOS Image Sensor Driver");
> > +MODULE_AUTHOR("FRAMOS GmbH");
> > +MODULE_AUTHOR("Manivannan Sadhasivam <manivannan.sadhasivam@linaro.org>");
> > +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
>
> --
> Kind regards,
>
> Sakari Ailus

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