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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH V3 5/5] vhost: access vq metadata through kernel virtual address
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On 2019/1/5 上午5:34, Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
> On Sat, Dec 29, 2018 at 08:46:56PM +0800, Jason Wang wrote:
>> It was noticed that the copy_user() friends that was used to access
>> virtqueue metdata tends to be very expensive for dataplane
>> implementation like vhost since it involves lots of software checks,
>> speculation barrier, hardware feature toggling (e.g SMAP). The
>> extra cost will be more obvious when transferring small packets since
>> the time spent on metadata accessing become significant..
>>
>> This patch tries to eliminate those overhead by accessing them through
>> kernel virtual address by vmap(). To make the pages can be migrated,
>> instead of pinning them through GUP, we use mmu notifiers to
>> invalidate vmaps and re-establish vmaps during each round of metadata
>> prefetching in necessary. For devices that doesn't use metadata
>> prefetching, the memory acessors fallback to normal copy_user()
>> implementation gracefully. The invalidation was synchronized with
>> datapath through vq mutex, and in order to avoid hold vq mutex during
>> range checking, MMU notifier was teared down when trying to modify vq
>> metadata.
>>
>> Note that this was only done when device IOTLB is not enabled. We
>> could use similar method to optimize it in the future.
>>
>> Tests shows about ~24% improvement on TX PPS when using virtio-user +
>> vhost_net + xdp1 on TAP:
>>
>> Before: ~5.0Mpps
>> After: ~6.1Mpps
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Jason Wang <jasowang@redhat.com>
>> ---
>> drivers/vhost/vhost.c | 263 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
>> drivers/vhost/vhost.h | 13 +++
>> 2 files changed, 274 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/drivers/vhost/vhost.c b/drivers/vhost/vhost.c
>> index 54b43feef8d9..e1ecb8acf8a3 100644
>> --- a/drivers/vhost/vhost.c
>> +++ b/drivers/vhost/vhost.c
>> @@ -440,6 +440,9 @@ void vhost_dev_init(struct vhost_dev *dev,
>> vq->indirect = NULL;
>> vq->heads = NULL;
>> vq->dev = dev;
>> + memset(&vq->avail_ring, 0, sizeof(vq->avail_ring));
>> + memset(&vq->used_ring, 0, sizeof(vq->used_ring));
>> + memset(&vq->desc_ring, 0, sizeof(vq->desc_ring));
>> mutex_init(&vq->mutex);
>> vhost_vq_reset(dev, vq);
>> if (vq->handle_kick)
>> @@ -510,6 +513,73 @@ static size_t vhost_get_desc_size(struct vhost_virtqueue *vq, int num)
>> return sizeof(*vq->desc) * num;
>> }
>>
>> +static void vhost_uninit_vmap(struct vhost_vmap *map)
>> +{
>> + if (map->addr)
>> + vunmap(map->unmap_addr);
>> +
>> + map->addr = NULL;
>> + map->unmap_addr = NULL;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int vhost_invalidate_vmap(struct vhost_virtqueue *vq,
>> + struct vhost_vmap *map,
>> + unsigned long ustart,
>> + size_t size,
>> + unsigned long start,
>> + unsigned long end,
>> + bool blockable)
>> +{
>> + if (end < ustart || start > ustart - 1 + size)
>> + return 0;
>> +
>> + if (!blockable)
>> + return -EAGAIN;
>> +
>> + mutex_lock(&vq->mutex);
>> + vhost_uninit_vmap(map);
>> + mutex_unlock(&vq->mutex);
>> +
>> + return 0;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int vhost_mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(struct mmu_notifier *mn,
>> + struct mm_struct *mm,
>> + unsigned long start,
>> + unsigned long end,
>> + bool blockable)
>> +{
>> + struct vhost_dev *dev = container_of(mn, struct vhost_dev,
>> + mmu_notifier);
>> + int i;
>> +
>> + for (i = 0; i < dev->nvqs; i++) {
>> + struct vhost_virtqueue *vq = dev->vqs[i];
>> +
>> + if (vhost_invalidate_vmap(vq, &vq->avail_ring,
>> + (unsigned long)vq->avail,
>> + vhost_get_avail_size(vq, vq->num),
>> + start, end, blockable))
>> + return -EAGAIN;
>> + if (vhost_invalidate_vmap(vq, &vq->desc_ring,
>> + (unsigned long)vq->desc,
>> + vhost_get_desc_size(vq, vq->num),
>> + start, end, blockable))
>> + return -EAGAIN;
>> + if (vhost_invalidate_vmap(vq, &vq->used_ring,
>> + (unsigned long)vq->used,
>> + vhost_get_used_size(vq, vq->num),
>> + start, end, blockable))
>> + return -EAGAIN;
>> + }
>> +
>> + return 0;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static const struct mmu_notifier_ops vhost_mmu_notifier_ops = {
>> + .invalidate_range_start = vhost_mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start,
>> +};
>> +
>> /* Caller should have device mutex */
>> long vhost_dev_set_owner(struct vhost_dev *dev)
>> {
>> @@ -541,7 +611,14 @@ long vhost_dev_set_owner(struct vhost_dev *dev)
>> if (err)
>> goto err_cgroup;
>>
>> + dev->mmu_notifier.ops = &vhost_mmu_notifier_ops;
>> + err = mmu_notifier_register(&dev->mmu_notifier, dev->mm);
>> + if (err)
>> + goto err_mmu_notifier;
>> +
>> return 0;
>> +err_mmu_notifier:
>> + vhost_dev_free_iovecs(dev);
>> err_cgroup:
>> kthread_stop(worker);
>> dev->worker = NULL;
>> @@ -632,6 +709,72 @@ static void vhost_clear_msg(struct vhost_dev *dev)
>> spin_unlock(&dev->iotlb_lock);
>> }
>>
>> +static int vhost_init_vmap(struct vhost_vmap *map, unsigned long uaddr,
>> + size_t size, int write)
>> +{
>> + struct page **pages;
>> + int npages = DIV_ROUND_UP(size, PAGE_SIZE);
>> + int npinned;
>> + void *vaddr;
>> + int err = 0;
>> +
>> + pages = kmalloc_array(npages, sizeof(struct page *), GFP_KERNEL);
>> + if (!pages)
>> + return -ENOMEM;
>> +
>> + npinned = get_user_pages_fast(uaddr, npages, write, pages);
>> + if (npinned != npages) {
>> + err = -EFAULT;
>> + goto err;
>> + }
>> +
>> + vaddr = vmap(pages, npages, VM_MAP, PAGE_KERNEL);
>> + if (!vaddr) {
>> + err = EFAULT;
>> + goto err;
>> + }
>> +
>> + map->addr = vaddr + (uaddr & (PAGE_SIZE - 1));
>> + map->unmap_addr = vaddr;
>> +
>> +err:
>> + /* Don't pin pages, mmu notifier will notify us about page
>> + * migration.
>> + */
>> + if (npinned > 0)
>> + release_pages(pages, npinned);
>> + kfree(pages);
>> + return err;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void vhost_clean_vmaps(struct vhost_virtqueue *vq)
>> +{
>> + vhost_uninit_vmap(&vq->avail_ring);
>> + vhost_uninit_vmap(&vq->desc_ring);
>> + vhost_uninit_vmap(&vq->used_ring);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int vhost_setup_avail_vmap(struct vhost_virtqueue *vq,
>> + unsigned long avail)
>> +{
>> + return vhost_init_vmap(&vq->avail_ring, avail,
>> + vhost_get_avail_size(vq, vq->num), false);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int vhost_setup_desc_vmap(struct vhost_virtqueue *vq,
>> + unsigned long desc)
>> +{
>> + return vhost_init_vmap(&vq->desc_ring, desc,
>> + vhost_get_desc_size(vq, vq->num), false);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int vhost_setup_used_vmap(struct vhost_virtqueue *vq,
>> + unsigned long used)
>> +{
>> + return vhost_init_vmap(&vq->used_ring, used,
>> + vhost_get_used_size(vq, vq->num), true);
>> +}
>> +
>> void vhost_dev_cleanup(struct vhost_dev *dev)
>> {
>> int i;
>> @@ -661,8 +804,12 @@ void vhost_dev_cleanup(struct vhost_dev *dev)
>> kthread_stop(dev->worker);
>> dev->worker = NULL;
>> }
>> - if (dev->mm)
>> + if (dev->mm) {
>> + mmu_notifier_unregister(&dev->mmu_notifier, dev->mm);
>> mmput(dev->mm);
>> + }
>> + for (i = 0; i < dev->nvqs; i++)
>> + vhost_clean_vmaps(dev->vqs[i]);
>> dev->mm = NULL;
>> }
>> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vhost_dev_cleanup);
>> @@ -891,6 +1038,16 @@ static inline void __user *__vhost_get_user(struct vhost_virtqueue *vq,
>>
>> static inline int vhost_put_avail_event(struct vhost_virtqueue *vq)
>> {
>> + if (!vq->iotlb) {
> Do we have to limit this to !iotlb?


No need, but for simplicity I leave this for the future.


>
>> + struct vring_used *used = vq->used_ring.addr;
>> +
>> + if (likely(used)) {
>> + *((__virtio16 *)&used->ring[vq->num]) =
>> + cpu_to_vhost16(vq, vq->avail_idx);
> So here we are modifying userspace memory without marking it dirty.
> Is this OK? And why?


Probably not, any suggestion to fix this?


>
>
>> + return 0;
>> + }
>> + }
>> +
>> return vhost_put_user(vq, cpu_to_vhost16(vq, vq->avail_idx),
>> vhost_avail_event(vq));
>> }
>> @@ -899,6 +1056,16 @@ static inline int vhost_put_used(struct vhost_virtqueue *vq,
>> struct vring_used_elem *head, int idx,
>> int count)
>> {
>> + if (!vq->iotlb) {
>> + struct vring_used *used = vq->used_ring.addr;
>> +
>> + if (likely(used)) {
>> + memcpy(used->ring + idx, head,
>> + count * sizeof(*head));
>> + return 0;
> Same here.
>
>> + }
>> + }
>> +
>> return vhost_copy_to_user(vq, vq->used->ring + idx, head,
>> count * sizeof(*head));
>> }
>> @@ -906,6 +1073,15 @@ static inline int vhost_put_used(struct vhost_virtqueue *vq,
>> static inline int vhost_put_used_flags(struct vhost_virtqueue *vq)
>>
>> {
>> + if (!vq->iotlb) {
>> + struct vring_used *used = vq->used_ring.addr;
>> +
>> + if (likely(used)) {
>> + used->flags = cpu_to_vhost16(vq, vq->used_flags);
>> + return 0;
>> + }
>> + }
>> +
>> return vhost_put_user(vq, cpu_to_vhost16(vq, vq->used_flags),
>> &vq->used->flags);
>> }
>> @@ -913,6 +1089,15 @@ static inline int vhost_put_used_flags(struct vhost_virtqueue *vq)
>> static inline int vhost_put_used_idx(struct vhost_virtqueue *vq)
>>
>> {
>> + if (!vq->iotlb) {
>> + struct vring_used *used = vq->used_ring.addr;
>> +
>> + if (likely(used)) {
>> + used->idx = cpu_to_vhost16(vq, vq->last_used_idx);
>> + return 0;
>> + }
>> + }
>> +
>> return vhost_put_user(vq, cpu_to_vhost16(vq, vq->last_used_idx),
>> &vq->used->idx);
>> }
>> @@ -958,12 +1143,30 @@ static void vhost_dev_unlock_vqs(struct vhost_dev *d)
>> static inline int vhost_get_avail_idx(struct vhost_virtqueue *vq,
>> __virtio16 *idx)
>> {
>> + if (!vq->iotlb) {
>> + struct vring_avail *avail = vq->avail_ring.addr;
>> +
>> + if (likely(avail)) {
>> + *idx = avail->idx;
>> + return 0;
>> + }
>> + }
>> +
>> return vhost_get_avail(vq, *idx, &vq->avail->idx);
>> }
>>
>> static inline int vhost_get_avail_head(struct vhost_virtqueue *vq,
>> __virtio16 *head, int idx)
>> {
>> + if (!vq->iotlb) {
>> + struct vring_avail *avail = vq->avail_ring.addr;
>> +
>> + if (likely(avail)) {
>> + *head = avail->ring[idx & (vq->num - 1)];
>> + return 0;
>> + }
>> + }
>> +
>> return vhost_get_avail(vq, *head,
>> &vq->avail->ring[idx & (vq->num - 1)]);
>> }
>> @@ -971,24 +1174,60 @@ static inline int vhost_get_avail_head(struct vhost_virtqueue *vq,
>> static inline int vhost_get_avail_flags(struct vhost_virtqueue *vq,
>> __virtio16 *flags)
>> {
>> + if (!vq->iotlb) {
>> + struct vring_avail *avail = vq->avail_ring.addr;
>> +
>> + if (likely(avail)) {
>> + *flags = avail->flags;
>> + return 0;
>> + }
>> + }
>> +
>> return vhost_get_avail(vq, *flags, &vq->avail->flags);
>> }
>>
>> static inline int vhost_get_used_event(struct vhost_virtqueue *vq,
>> __virtio16 *event)
>> {
>> + if (!vq->iotlb) {
>> + struct vring_avail *avail = vq->avail_ring.addr;
>> +
>> + if (likely(avail)) {
>> + *event = (__virtio16)avail->ring[vq->num];
>> + return 0;
>> + }
>> + }
>> +
>> return vhost_get_avail(vq, *event, vhost_used_event(vq));
>> }
>>
>> static inline int vhost_get_used_idx(struct vhost_virtqueue *vq,
>> __virtio16 *idx)
>> {
>> + if (!vq->iotlb) {
>> + struct vring_used *used = vq->used_ring.addr;
>> +
>> + if (likely(used)) {
>> + *idx = used->idx;
>> + return 0;
>> + }
>> + }
>> +
>> return vhost_get_used(vq, *idx, &vq->used->idx);
>> }
>>
>> static inline int vhost_get_desc(struct vhost_virtqueue *vq,
>> struct vring_desc *desc, int idx)
>> {
>> + if (!vq->iotlb) {
>> + struct vring_desc *d = vq->desc_ring.addr;
>> +
>> + if (likely(d)) {
>> + *desc = *(d + idx);
>> + return 0;
>> + }
>> + }
>> +
>> return vhost_copy_from_user(vq, desc, vq->desc + idx, sizeof(*desc));
>> }
>>
>> @@ -1325,8 +1564,16 @@ int vq_meta_prefetch(struct vhost_virtqueue *vq)
>> {
>> unsigned int num = vq->num;
>>
>> - if (!vq->iotlb)
>> + if (!vq->iotlb) {
>> + if (unlikely(!vq->avail_ring.addr))
>> + vhost_setup_avail_vmap(vq, (unsigned long)vq->avail);
>> + if (unlikely(!vq->desc_ring.addr))
>> + vhost_setup_desc_vmap(vq, (unsigned long)vq->desc);
>> + if (unlikely(!vq->used_ring.addr))
>> + vhost_setup_used_vmap(vq, (unsigned long)vq->used);
>> +
>> return 1;
>> + }
>>
>> return iotlb_access_ok(vq, VHOST_ACCESS_RO, (u64)(uintptr_t)vq->desc,
>> vhost_get_desc_size(vq, num), VHOST_ADDR_DESC) &&
>> @@ -1478,6 +1725,13 @@ long vhost_vring_ioctl(struct vhost_dev *d, unsigned int ioctl, void __user *arg
>>
>> mutex_lock(&vq->mutex);
>>
>> + /* Unregister MMU notifer to allow invalidation callback
>> + * can access vq->avail, vq->desc , vq->used and vq->num
>> + * without holding vq->mutex.
>> + */
>> + if (d->mm)
>> + mmu_notifier_unregister(&d->mmu_notifier, d->mm);
>> +
>> switch (ioctl) {
>> case VHOST_SET_VRING_NUM:
>> /* Resizing ring with an active backend?
>> @@ -1494,6 +1748,7 @@ long vhost_vring_ioctl(struct vhost_dev *d, unsigned int ioctl, void __user *arg
>> r = -EINVAL;
>> break;
>> }
>> + vhost_clean_vmaps(vq);
>> vq->num = s.num;
>> break;
>> case VHOST_SET_VRING_BASE:
>> @@ -1571,6 +1826,8 @@ long vhost_vring_ioctl(struct vhost_dev *d, unsigned int ioctl, void __user *arg
>> }
>> }
>>
>> + vhost_clean_vmaps(vq);
>> +
>> vq->log_used = !!(a.flags & (0x1 << VHOST_VRING_F_LOG));
>> vq->desc = (void __user *)(unsigned long)a.desc_user_addr;
>> vq->avail = (void __user *)(unsigned long)a.avail_user_addr;
>> @@ -1651,6 +1908,8 @@ long vhost_vring_ioctl(struct vhost_dev *d, unsigned int ioctl, void __user *arg
>> if (pollstart && vq->handle_kick)
>> r = vhost_poll_start(&vq->poll, vq->kick);
>>
>> + if (d->mm)
>> + mmu_notifier_register(&d->mmu_notifier, d->mm);
>> mutex_unlock(&vq->mutex);
>>
>> if (pollstop && vq->handle_kick)
>> diff --git a/drivers/vhost/vhost.h b/drivers/vhost/vhost.h
>> index 0d1ff977a43e..00f016a4f198 100644
>> --- a/drivers/vhost/vhost.h
>> +++ b/drivers/vhost/vhost.h
>> @@ -12,6 +12,8 @@
>> #include <linux/virtio_config.h>
>> #include <linux/virtio_ring.h>
>> #include <linux/atomic.h>
>> +#include <linux/pagemap.h>
>> +#include <linux/mmu_notifier.h>
>>
>> struct vhost_work;
>> typedef void (*vhost_work_fn_t)(struct vhost_work *work);
>> @@ -80,6 +82,11 @@ enum vhost_uaddr_type {
>> VHOST_NUM_ADDRS = 3,
>> };
>>
>> +struct vhost_vmap {
>> + void *addr;
>> + void *unmap_addr;
>> +};
>> +
> How about using actual types like struct vring_used etc so we get type
> safety and do not need to cast on access?


Yes, we can.

Thanks


>
>
>> /* The virtqueue structure describes a queue attached to a device. */
>> struct vhost_virtqueue {
>> struct vhost_dev *dev;
>> @@ -90,6 +97,11 @@ struct vhost_virtqueue {
>> struct vring_desc __user *desc;
>> struct vring_avail __user *avail;
>> struct vring_used __user *used;
>> +
>> + struct vhost_vmap avail_ring;
>> + struct vhost_vmap desc_ring;
>> + struct vhost_vmap used_ring;
>> +
>> const struct vhost_umem_node *meta_iotlb[VHOST_NUM_ADDRS];
>> struct file *kick;
>> struct eventfd_ctx *call_ctx;
>> @@ -158,6 +170,7 @@ struct vhost_msg_node {
>>
>> struct vhost_dev {
>> struct mm_struct *mm;
>> + struct mmu_notifier mmu_notifier;
>> struct mutex mutex;
>> struct vhost_virtqueue **vqs;
>> int nvqs;
>> --
>> 2.17.1

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  Last update: 2019-01-07 09:41    [W:0.095 / U:0.144 seconds]
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