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SubjectRe: [RFC v2] iommu/vt-d: Allow iommu_domain_alloc to allocate IOMMU_DOMAIN_DMA
On Wed, 5 Dec 2018 17:19:35 +0000
James Sewart <jamessewart@arista.com> wrote:

> Hey,
>
> There exists an issue in the logic used to determine domain
> association with devices. Currently the driver uses
> find_or_alloc_domain to either reuse an existing domain or allocate a
> new one if one isn’t found. Domains should be shared between all
> members of an IOMMU group as this is the minimum granularity that we
> can guarantee address space isolation.
>
> The intel IOMMU driver exposes pci_device_group in intel_iommu_ops as
> the function to call to determine the group of a device, this is
> implemented in the generic IOMMU code and checks: dma aliases,
> upstream pcie switch ACS, pci aliases, and pci function aliases. The
> find_or_alloc_domain code currently only uses dma aliases to
> determine if a domain is shared. This causes a disconnect between
> IOMMU groups and domains. We have observed devices under a pcie
> switch each having their own domain but assigned the same group.
>
> One solution would be to fix the logic in find_or_alloc_domain to add
> checks for the other conditions that a device may share a domain.
> However, this duplicates code which the generic IOMMU code
> implements. Instead this issue can be fixed by allowing the
> allocation of default_domain on the IOMMU group. This is not
> currently supported as the intel driver does not allow allocation of
> domain type IOMMU_DOMAIN_DMA.
>
> Allowing allocation of DMA domains has the effect that the
> default_domain is non NULL and is attached to a device when
> initialising. This delegates the handling of domains to the generic
> IOMMU code. Once this is implemented it is possible to remove the
> lazy allocation of domains entirely.
>
This can also consolidate the domain storage, i.e. move domain from
device_domain_info to iommu_group.
> This patch implements DMA and identity domains to be allocated for
> external management. As it isn’t known which device will be attached
> to a domain, the dma domain is not initialised at alloc time. Instead
> it is allocated when attached. As we may lose RMRR mappings when
> attaching a device to a new domain, we also ensure these are mapped
> at attach time.
>
> This will likely conflict with the work done for auxiliary domains by
> Baolu but the code to accommodate won’t change much.
>
> I had also started on a patch to remove find_or_alloc_domain and
> various functions that call it but had issues with edge cases such as
> iommu_prepare_isa that is doing domain operations at IOMMU init time.
>
> Cheers,
> James.
>
>
> ---
> drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c | 159
> +++++++++++++++++++++++++----------- 1 file changed, 110
> insertions(+), 49 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c b/drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c
> index 41a4b8808802..6437cb2e9b22 100644
> --- a/drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c
> +++ b/drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c
> @@ -351,6 +351,14 @@ static int hw_pass_through = 1;
> /* si_domain contains mulitple devices */
> #define DOMAIN_FLAG_STATIC_IDENTITY (1 << 1)
>
> +/* Domain managed externally, don't cleanup if it isn't attached
> + * to any devices. */
> +#define DOMAIN_FLAG_NO_CLEANUP (1 << 2)
> +
the name NO_CLEANUP is a little counter intuitive to me, should it be
called UNINITIALISED?
> +/* Set after domain initialisation. Used when allocating dma domains
> to
> + * defer domain initialisation until it is attached to a device */
> +#define DOMAIN_FLAG_INITIALISED (1 << 4)
> +
> #define for_each_domain_iommu(idx, domain) \
> for (idx = 0; idx < g_num_of_iommus; idx++) \
> if (domain->iommu_refcnt[idx])
> @@ -624,6 +632,16 @@ static inline int domain_type_is_vm_or_si(struct
> dmar_domain *domain) DOMAIN_FLAG_STATIC_IDENTITY);
> }
>
> +static inline int domain_managed_externally(struct dmar_domain
> *domain) +{
> + return domain->flags & DOMAIN_FLAG_NO_CLEANUP;
> +}
> +
> +static inline int domain_is_initialised(struct dmar_domain *domain)
> +{
> + return domain->flags & DOMAIN_FLAG_INITIALISED;
> +}
> +
> static inline int domain_pfn_supported(struct dmar_domain *domain,
> unsigned long pfn)
> {
> @@ -1717,7 +1735,7 @@ static void disable_dmar_iommu(struct
> intel_iommu *iommu)
> __dmar_remove_one_dev_info(info);
>
> - if (!domain_type_is_vm_or_si(domain)) {
> + if (!domain_managed_externally(domain)) {
> /*
> * The domain_exit() function can't be
> called under
> * device_domain_lock, as it takes this lock
> itself. @@ -1951,6 +1969,7 @@ static int domain_init(struct
> dmar_domain *domain, struct intel_iommu *iommu, domain->pgd = (struct
> dma_pte *)alloc_pgtable_page(domain->nid); if (!domain->pgd)
> return -ENOMEM;
> + domain->flags |= DOMAIN_FLAG_INITIALISED;
> __iommu_flush_cache(iommu, domain->pgd, PAGE_SIZE);
> return 0;
> }
> @@ -3234,11 +3253,9 @@ static int copy_translation_tables(struct
> intel_iommu *iommu) static int __init init_dmars(void)
> {
> struct dmar_drhd_unit *drhd;
> - struct dmar_rmrr_unit *rmrr;
> bool copied_tables = false;
> - struct device *dev;
> struct intel_iommu *iommu;
> - int i, ret;
> + int ret;
>
> /*
> * for each drhd
> @@ -4529,7 +4522,7 @@ static int device_notifier(struct
> notifier_block *nb, return 0;
>
> dmar_remove_one_dev_info(domain, dev);
> - if (!domain_type_is_vm_or_si(domain) &&
> list_empty(&domain->devices))
> + if (!domain_managed_externally(domain) &&
> list_empty(&domain->devices)) domain_exit(domain);
>
> return 0;
> @@ -4930,6 +4923,7 @@ static int md_domain_init(struct dmar_domain
> *domain, int guest_width) domain->pgd = (struct dma_pte
> *)alloc_pgtable_page(domain->nid); if (!domain->pgd)
> return -ENOMEM;
> + domain->flags |= DOMAIN_FLAG_INITIALISED;
> domain_flush_cache(domain, domain->pgd, PAGE_SIZE);
> return 0;
> }
> @@ -4938,28 +4932,65 @@ static struct iommu_domain
> *intel_iommu_domain_alloc(unsigned type) {
> struct dmar_domain *dmar_domain;
> struct iommu_domain *domain;
> + int flags = DOMAIN_FLAG_NO_CLEANUP;
> + int nid;
>
> - if (type != IOMMU_DOMAIN_UNMANAGED)
> - return NULL;
> -
> - dmar_domain = alloc_domain(DOMAIN_FLAG_VIRTUAL_MACHINE);
> - if (!dmar_domain) {
> - pr_err("Can't allocate dmar_domain\n");
> - return NULL;
> - }
> - if (md_domain_init(dmar_domain,
> DEFAULT_DOMAIN_ADDRESS_WIDTH)) {
> - pr_err("Domain initialization failed\n");
> - domain_exit(dmar_domain);
> + switch (type) {
> + case IOMMU_DOMAIN_UNMANAGED:
> + flags |= DOMAIN_FLAG_VIRTUAL_MACHINE |
> DOMAIN_FLAG_INITIALISED;
> + dmar_domain = alloc_domain(flags);
> + if (!dmar_domain) {
> + pr_err("Can't allocate dmar_domain\n");
> + return NULL;
> + }
> + if (md_domain_init(dmar_domain,
> DEFAULT_DOMAIN_ADDRESS_WIDTH)) {
> + pr_err("Domain initialization failed\n");
> + domain_exit(dmar_domain);
> + return NULL;
> + }
> + domain_update_iommu_cap(dmar_domain);
> + domain->geometry.aperture_start = 0;
> + domain->geometry.aperture_end =
> __DOMAIN_MAX_ADDR(dmar_domain->gaw);
> + domain->geometry.force_aperture = true;
> + break;
> + case IOMMU_DOMAIN_DMA:
> + dmar_domain = alloc_domain(flags);
> + if (!dmar_domain) {
> + pr_err("Can't allocate dmar_domain\n");
> + return NULL;
> + }
> + /* init domain in device attach when we know IOMMU
> capabilities */
> + break;
> + case IOMMU_DOMAIN_IDENTITY:
> + flags |= DOMAIN_FLAG_STATIC_IDENTITY |
> DOMAIN_FLAG_INITIALISED;
> + dmar_domain = alloc_domain(flags);
> + if (!dmar_domain) {
> + pr_err("Can't allocate dmar_domain\n");
> + return NULL;
> + }
> + if (md_domain_init(dmar_domain,
> DEFAULT_DOMAIN_ADDRESS_WIDTH)) {
> + pr_err("Domain initialization failed\n");
> + domain_exit(dmar_domain);
> + return NULL;
> + }
> + domain_update_iommu_cap(dmar_domain);
> + for_each_online_node(nid) {
> + unsigned long start_pfn, end_pfn;
> + int i, ret;
> +
> + for_each_mem_pfn_range(i, nid, &start_pfn,
> &end_pfn, NULL) {
> + ret =
> iommu_domain_identity_map(dmar_domain,
> + PFN_PHYS(start_pfn),
> PFN_PHYS(end_pfn));
> + if (ret)
> + return NULL;
> + }
> + }
> + break;
> + default:
> return NULL;
> }
> - domain_update_iommu_cap(dmar_domain);
> -
> - domain = &dmar_domain->domain;
> - domain->geometry.aperture_start = 0;
> - domain->geometry.aperture_end =
> __DOMAIN_MAX_ADDR(dmar_domain->gaw);
> - domain->geometry.force_aperture = true;
>
> - return domain;
> + return &dmar_domain->domain;
> }
>
> static void intel_iommu_domain_free(struct iommu_domain *domain)
> @@ -4974,6 +5005,9 @@ static int intel_iommu_attach_device(struct
> iommu_domain *domain, struct intel_iommu *iommu;
> int addr_width;
> u8 bus, devfn;
> + struct dmar_rmrr_unit *rmrr;
> + struct device *i_dev;
> + int i, ret;
>
> if (device_is_rmrr_locked(dev)) {
> dev_warn(dev, "Device is ineligible for IOMMU domain
> attach due to platform RMRR requirement. Contact your platform
> vendor.\n"); @@ -4990,8 +5024,8 @@ static int
> intel_iommu_attach_device(struct iommu_domain *domain,
> dmar_remove_one_dev_info(old_domain, dev); rcu_read_unlock();
> - if (!domain_type_is_vm_or_si(old_domain) &&
> - list_empty(&old_domain->devices))
> + if (list_empty(&old_domain->devices) &&
> + !domain_managed_externally(old_domain))
> domain_exit(old_domain);
If the old_domain is allocated by lazy DMA map call, the default domain
is not used in any case, right? why can't you use the default domain
for map call? I guess that is the next step?
> }
> }
> @@ -5000,6 +5034,12 @@ static int intel_iommu_attach_device(struct
> iommu_domain *domain, if (!iommu)
> return -ENODEV;
>
> + /* Initialise domain with IOMMU capabilities if it isn't
> already initialised */
> + if (!domain_is_initialised(dmar_domain)) {
> + if (domain_init(dmar_domain, iommu,
> DEFAULT_DOMAIN_ADDRESS_WIDTH))
> + return -ENOMEM;
> + }
> +
> /* check if this iommu agaw is sufficient for max mapped
> address */ addr_width = agaw_to_width(iommu->agaw);
> if (addr_width > cap_mgaw(iommu->cap))
> @@ -5028,6 +5068,27 @@ static int intel_iommu_attach_device(struct
> iommu_domain *domain, dmar_domain->agaw--;
> }
>
> + if (domain_type_is_vm_or_si(dmar_domain))
> + goto out;
> +
> + /* Ensure DMA domain has devices RMRR */
> + rcu_read_lock();
> + for_each_rmrr_units(rmrr) {
> + for_each_active_dev_scope(rmrr->devices,
> rmrr->devices_cnt,
> + i, i_dev) {
> + if (i_dev != dev)
why do we need to go through all devices, can we deduce the information
from device_domain_info? If RMRR is already mapped during init_dmar.
> + continue;
> +
> + ret = domain_prepare_identity_map(dev,
> dmar_domain,
> +
> rmrr->base_address,
> +
> rmrr->end_address);
> + if (ret)
> + dev_err(dev, "Mapping reserved
> region failed\n");
> + }
> + }
> + rcu_read_unlock();
> +
> +out:
Isn't it duplicate with the RMRR setup in init_dmars? I am guessing,
for device with RMRR, we can reuse the domain setup up during init
time, just inherit the mappings.

> return domain_add_dev_info(dmar_domain, dev);
> }
>

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