lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2019]   [Jan]   [31]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
From
Subject[PATCH v6 14/27] x86/percpu: Adapt percpu for PIE support
Date
Perpcu uses a clever design where the .percu ELF section has a virtual
address of zero and the custom linux relocation code avoid relocating
specific symbols. It makes the code simple and easily adaptable with or
without SMP support.

This design is incompatible with PIE. While creating a PIE binary, the
copmiler tries to make everything relative. The compiler will attempt to
generate instructions with the distance between zero and any 64-bit
virtual address. It will fail as the relocation range cannot fit within
the possible instructions accessing a segment register.

This patch solves tihs problem by removing the zero mapping. The .percpu
symbols are now close to the base of the kernel and the compiler
generates appropriate relocations. To accomodate this change, the GS base
is adapted to be the difference between zero and the .percpu section
address. These changes are done only when PIE is enabled. The original
implementation is kept as-is by default.

The assembly and PER_CPU macros are changed to use relative references
when PIE is enabled.

The KALLSYMS_ABSOLUTE_PERCPU configuration is disabled with PIE given
percpu symbols are not absolute in this case.

Position Independent Executable (PIE) support will allow to extend the
KASLR randomization range below 0xffffffff80000000.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Garnier <thgarnie@chromium.org>
---
arch/x86/entry/calling.h | 2 +-
arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S | 4 ++--
arch/x86/include/asm/percpu.h | 25 +++++++++++++++++++------
arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h | 4 +++-
arch/x86/kernel/head_64.S | 4 ++++
arch/x86/kernel/setup_percpu.c | 5 ++++-
arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S | 13 +++++++++++--
arch/x86/lib/cmpxchg16b_emu.S | 8 ++++----
arch/x86/xen/xen-asm.S | 12 ++++++------
init/Kconfig | 2 +-
10 files changed, 55 insertions(+), 24 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/calling.h b/arch/x86/entry/calling.h
index efb0d1b1f15f..d5a6d3a0c24b 100644
--- a/arch/x86/entry/calling.h
+++ b/arch/x86/entry/calling.h
@@ -218,7 +218,7 @@ For 32-bit we have the following conventions - kernel is built with
.endm

#define THIS_CPU_user_pcid_flush_mask \
- PER_CPU_VAR(cpu_tlbstate) + TLB_STATE_user_pcid_flush_mask
+ PER_CPU_VAR(cpu_tlbstate + TLB_STATE_user_pcid_flush_mask)

.macro SWITCH_TO_USER_CR3_NOSTACK scratch_reg:req scratch_reg2:req
ALTERNATIVE "jmp .Lend_\@", "", X86_FEATURE_PTI
diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S b/arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S
index 16a93eb4c11f..fc15fe058d3c 100644
--- a/arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S
+++ b/arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S
@@ -298,7 +298,7 @@ ENTRY(__switch_to_asm)

#ifdef CONFIG_STACKPROTECTOR
movq TASK_stack_canary(%rsi), %rbx
- movq %rbx, PER_CPU_VAR(irq_stack_union)+stack_canary_offset
+ movq %rbx, PER_CPU_VAR(irq_stack_union + stack_canary_offset)
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_RETPOLINE
@@ -841,7 +841,7 @@ apicinterrupt IRQ_WORK_VECTOR irq_work_interrupt smp_irq_work_interrupt
/*
* Exception entry points.
*/
-#define CPU_TSS_IST(x) PER_CPU_VAR(cpu_tss_rw) + (TSS_ist + ((x) - 1) * 8)
+#define CPU_TSS_IST(x) PER_CPU_VAR(cpu_tss_rw + (TSS_ist + ((x) - 1) * 8))

/**
* idtentry - Generate an IDT entry stub
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/percpu.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/percpu.h
index 1a19d11cfbbd..608c15751f29 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/percpu.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/percpu.h
@@ -5,9 +5,11 @@
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
#define __percpu_seg gs
#define __percpu_mov_op movq
+#define __percpu_rel (%rip)
#else
#define __percpu_seg fs
#define __percpu_mov_op movl
+#define __percpu_rel
#endif

#ifdef __ASSEMBLY__
@@ -28,10 +30,14 @@
#define PER_CPU(var, reg) \
__percpu_mov_op %__percpu_seg:this_cpu_off, reg; \
lea var(reg), reg
-#define PER_CPU_VAR(var) %__percpu_seg:var
+/* Compatible with Position Independent Code */
+#define PER_CPU_VAR(var) %__percpu_seg:(var)##__percpu_rel
+/* Rare absolute reference */
+#define PER_CPU_VAR_ABS(var) %__percpu_seg:var
#else /* ! SMP */
#define PER_CPU(var, reg) __percpu_mov_op $var, reg
-#define PER_CPU_VAR(var) var
+#define PER_CPU_VAR(var) (var)##__percpu_rel
+#define PER_CPU_VAR_ABS(var) var
#endif /* SMP */

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64_SMP
@@ -209,27 +215,34 @@ do { \
pfo_ret__; \
})

+/* Position Independent code uses relative addresses only */
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PIE
+#define __percpu_stable_arg __percpu_arg(a1)
+#else
+#define __percpu_stable_arg __percpu_arg(P1)
+#endif
+
#define percpu_stable_op(op, var) \
({ \
typeof(var) pfo_ret__; \
switch (sizeof(var)) { \
case 1: \
- asm(op "b "__percpu_arg(P1)",%0" \
+ asm(op "b "__percpu_stable_arg ",%0" \
: "=q" (pfo_ret__) \
: "p" (&(var))); \
break; \
case 2: \
- asm(op "w "__percpu_arg(P1)",%0" \
+ asm(op "w "__percpu_stable_arg ",%0" \
: "=r" (pfo_ret__) \
: "p" (&(var))); \
break; \
case 4: \
- asm(op "l "__percpu_arg(P1)",%0" \
+ asm(op "l "__percpu_stable_arg ",%0" \
: "=r" (pfo_ret__) \
: "p" (&(var))); \
break; \
case 8: \
- asm(op "q "__percpu_arg(P1)",%0" \
+ asm(op "q "__percpu_stable_arg ",%0" \
: "=r" (pfo_ret__) \
: "p" (&(var))); \
break; \
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h
index ce9851bf6778..18f1e8269ad7 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h
@@ -24,6 +24,7 @@ struct vm86;
#include <asm/special_insns.h>
#include <asm/fpu/types.h>
#include <asm/unwind_hints.h>
+#include <asm/sections.h>

#include <linux/personality.h>
#include <linux/cache.h>
@@ -402,7 +403,8 @@ DECLARE_INIT_PER_CPU(irq_stack_union);

static inline unsigned long cpu_kernelmode_gs_base(int cpu)
{
- return (unsigned long)per_cpu(irq_stack_union.gs_base, cpu);
+ return (unsigned long)per_cpu(irq_stack_union.gs_base, cpu) -
+ (unsigned long)__per_cpu_start;
}

DECLARE_PER_CPU(char *, irq_stack_ptr);
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/head_64.S b/arch/x86/kernel/head_64.S
index b9b6c6aa0313..0f1739d7bff7 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/head_64.S
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/head_64.S
@@ -269,7 +269,11 @@ ENDPROC(start_cpu0)
GLOBAL(initial_code)
.quad x86_64_start_kernel
GLOBAL(initial_gs)
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PIE
+ .quad 0
+#else
.quad INIT_PER_CPU_VAR(irq_stack_union)
+#endif
GLOBAL(initial_stack)
/*
* The SIZEOF_PTREGS gap is a convention which helps the in-kernel
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/setup_percpu.c b/arch/x86/kernel/setup_percpu.c
index e8796fcd7e5a..cc66f3434da9 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/setup_percpu.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/setup_percpu.c
@@ -26,7 +26,7 @@
DEFINE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(int, cpu_number);
EXPORT_PER_CPU_SYMBOL(cpu_number);

-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
+#if defined(CONFIG_X86_64) && !defined(CONFIG_X86_PIE)
#define BOOT_PERCPU_OFFSET ((unsigned long)__per_cpu_load)
#else
#define BOOT_PERCPU_OFFSET 0
@@ -40,6 +40,9 @@ unsigned long __per_cpu_offset[NR_CPUS] __ro_after_init = {
};
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__per_cpu_offset);

+/* Used to calculate gs_base for each CPU */
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__per_cpu_start);
+
/*
* On x86_64 symbols referenced from code should be reachable using
* 32bit relocations. Reserve space for static percpu variables in
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S b/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
index bad8c51fee6e..7b461fa82107 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
@@ -222,9 +222,14 @@ SECTIONS
/*
* percpu offsets are zero-based on SMP. PERCPU_VADDR() changes the
* output PHDR, so the next output section - .init.text - should
- * start another segment - init.
+ * start another segment - init. For Position Independent Code, the
+ * per-cpu section cannot be zero-based because everything is relative.
*/
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PIE
+ PERCPU_SECTION(INTERNODE_CACHE_BYTES)
+#else
PERCPU_VADDR(INTERNODE_CACHE_BYTES, 0, :percpu)
+#endif
ASSERT(SIZEOF(.data..percpu) < CONFIG_PHYSICAL_START,
"per-CPU data too large - increase CONFIG_PHYSICAL_START")
#endif
@@ -401,7 +406,11 @@ SECTIONS
* Per-cpu symbols which need to be offset from __per_cpu_load
* for the boot processor.
*/
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PIE
+#define INIT_PER_CPU(x) init_per_cpu__##x = ABSOLUTE(x)
+#else
#define INIT_PER_CPU(x) init_per_cpu__##x = ABSOLUTE(x) + __per_cpu_load
+#endif
INIT_PER_CPU(gdt_page);
INIT_PER_CPU(irq_stack_union);

@@ -411,7 +420,7 @@ INIT_PER_CPU(irq_stack_union);
. = ASSERT((_end - _text <= KERNEL_IMAGE_SIZE),
"kernel image bigger than KERNEL_IMAGE_SIZE");

-#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+#if defined(CONFIG_SMP) && !defined(CONFIG_X86_PIE)
. = ASSERT((irq_stack_union == 0),
"irq_stack_union is not at start of per-cpu area");
#endif
diff --git a/arch/x86/lib/cmpxchg16b_emu.S b/arch/x86/lib/cmpxchg16b_emu.S
index 9b330242e740..254950604ae4 100644
--- a/arch/x86/lib/cmpxchg16b_emu.S
+++ b/arch/x86/lib/cmpxchg16b_emu.S
@@ -33,13 +33,13 @@ ENTRY(this_cpu_cmpxchg16b_emu)
pushfq
cli

- cmpq PER_CPU_VAR((%rsi)), %rax
+ cmpq PER_CPU_VAR_ABS((%rsi)), %rax
jne .Lnot_same
- cmpq PER_CPU_VAR(8(%rsi)), %rdx
+ cmpq PER_CPU_VAR_ABS(8(%rsi)), %rdx
jne .Lnot_same

- movq %rbx, PER_CPU_VAR((%rsi))
- movq %rcx, PER_CPU_VAR(8(%rsi))
+ movq %rbx, PER_CPU_VAR_ABS((%rsi))
+ movq %rcx, PER_CPU_VAR_ABS(8(%rsi))

popfq
mov $1, %al
diff --git a/arch/x86/xen/xen-asm.S b/arch/x86/xen/xen-asm.S
index 8019edd0125c..a5d73d3218be 100644
--- a/arch/x86/xen/xen-asm.S
+++ b/arch/x86/xen/xen-asm.S
@@ -21,7 +21,7 @@
ENTRY(xen_irq_enable_direct)
FRAME_BEGIN
/* Unmask events */
- movb $0, PER_CPU_VAR(xen_vcpu_info) + XEN_vcpu_info_mask
+ movb $0, PER_CPU_VAR(xen_vcpu_info + XEN_vcpu_info_mask)

/*
* Preempt here doesn't matter because that will deal with any
@@ -30,7 +30,7 @@ ENTRY(xen_irq_enable_direct)
*/

/* Test for pending */
- testb $0xff, PER_CPU_VAR(xen_vcpu_info) + XEN_vcpu_info_pending
+ testb $0xff, PER_CPU_VAR(xen_vcpu_info + XEN_vcpu_info_pending)
jz 1f

call check_events
@@ -45,7 +45,7 @@ ENTRY(xen_irq_enable_direct)
* non-zero.
*/
ENTRY(xen_irq_disable_direct)
- movb $1, PER_CPU_VAR(xen_vcpu_info) + XEN_vcpu_info_mask
+ movb $1, PER_CPU_VAR(xen_vcpu_info + XEN_vcpu_info_mask)
ret
ENDPROC(xen_irq_disable_direct)

@@ -59,7 +59,7 @@ ENDPROC(xen_irq_disable_direct)
* x86 use opposite senses (mask vs enable).
*/
ENTRY(xen_save_fl_direct)
- testb $0xff, PER_CPU_VAR(xen_vcpu_info) + XEN_vcpu_info_mask
+ testb $0xff, PER_CPU_VAR(xen_vcpu_info + XEN_vcpu_info_mask)
setz %ah
addb %ah, %ah
ret
@@ -80,7 +80,7 @@ ENTRY(xen_restore_fl_direct)
#else
testb $X86_EFLAGS_IF>>8, %ah
#endif
- setz PER_CPU_VAR(xen_vcpu_info) + XEN_vcpu_info_mask
+ setz PER_CPU_VAR(xen_vcpu_info + XEN_vcpu_info_mask)
/*
* Preempt here doesn't matter because that will deal with any
* pending interrupts. The pending check may end up being run
@@ -88,7 +88,7 @@ ENTRY(xen_restore_fl_direct)
*/

/* check for unmasked and pending */
- cmpw $0x0001, PER_CPU_VAR(xen_vcpu_info) + XEN_vcpu_info_pending
+ cmpw $0x0001, PER_CPU_VAR(xen_vcpu_info + XEN_vcpu_info_pending)
jnz 1f
call check_events
1:
diff --git a/init/Kconfig b/init/Kconfig
index 1486b913daeb..bb383615823a 100644
--- a/init/Kconfig
+++ b/init/Kconfig
@@ -1453,7 +1453,7 @@ config KALLSYMS_ALL
config KALLSYMS_ABSOLUTE_PERCPU
bool
depends on KALLSYMS
- default X86_64 && SMP
+ default X86_64 && SMP && !X86_PIE

config KALLSYMS_BASE_RELATIVE
bool
--
2.20.1.495.gaa96b0ce6b-goog
\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2019-01-31 20:30    [W:0.062 / U:0.672 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site