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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2] iio: adc: ti-ads7950: inconsistency with spi msg
On Sat, Jan 26, 2019 at 10:30 AM Jonathan Cameron <jic23@kernel.org> wrote:
>
> On Fri, 25 Jan 2019 10:20:22 -0800
> justinpopo6@gmail.com wrote:
>
> > From: Justin Chen <justinpopo6@gmail.com>
> >
> > To read a channel we require 3 cycles to send, process, and receive
> > the data. The transfer buffer for the third transaction is left blank.
> > This leaves it up to the SPI driver to decide what to do.
> Interesting. I think that means you may have a bug in your SPI driver.
> The pointer in question is always left set to NULL in the adc
> driver (not explicitly but it will be because ultimately comes from
> a kzalloc).
>
> Documentation for an SPI message makes it clear that NULL is
> allowed. From include/linux/spi/spi.h
>
> "* Those segments always read the same number of bits as they
> * write; but one or the other is easily ignored by passing a null buffer
> * pointer. "
>
> Hmm. It does say 'ignored'. My assumption has always been that
> means it would be filled with zeros, but maybe I'm wrong.
>
> Mark?
>
I looked more into this and other SPI drivers do fill it with zeros.
I'll submit a patch for the SPI driver instead and see what the SPI
maintainers say.

Thanks,
Justin
> >
> > In one particular case, if the tx buffer is not set the spi driver
> > sets it to 0xff. This puts the ADC in a alarm programming state,
> > therefore the following read to a channel becomes erroneous.
> >
> > Instead of leaving us to the mercy of the SPI driver, we send the
> > ADC cmd on the third transaction to prevent inconsistent behavior.
> >
> > Fixes: 902c4b2446d4 ("iio: adc: New driver for TI ADS7950 chips")
> > Signed-off-by: Justin Chen <justinpopo6@gmail.com>
> > ---
> > drivers/iio/adc/ti-ads7950.c | 1 +
> > 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+)
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/iio/adc/ti-ads7950.c b/drivers/iio/adc/ti-ads7950.c
> > index 0ad6359..1255d8b 100644
> > --- a/drivers/iio/adc/ti-ads7950.c
> > +++ b/drivers/iio/adc/ti-ads7950.c
> > @@ -422,6 +422,7 @@ static int ti_ads7950_probe(struct spi_device *spi)
> > st->scan_single_xfer[1].tx_buf = &st->single_tx;
> > st->scan_single_xfer[1].len = 2;
> > st->scan_single_xfer[1].cs_change = 1;
> > + st->scan_single_xfer[2].tx_buf = &st->single_tx;
> > st->scan_single_xfer[2].rx_buf = &st->single_rx;
> > st->scan_single_xfer[2].len = 2;
> >
>

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