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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/4] powerpc/64s: Clear on-stack exception marker upon exception return
Date
Joe Lawrence <joe.lawrence@redhat.com> writes:
> From: Nicolai Stange <nstange@suse.de>
>
> The ppc64 specific implementation of the reliable stacktracer,
> save_stack_trace_tsk_reliable(), bails out and reports an "unreliable
> trace" whenever it finds an exception frame on the stack. Stack frames
> are classified as exception frames if the STACK_FRAME_REGS_MARKER magic,
> as written by exception prologues, is found at a particular location.
>
> However, as observed by Joe Lawrence, it is possible in practice that
> non-exception stack frames can alias with prior exception frames and thus,
> that the reliable stacktracer can find a stale STACK_FRAME_REGS_MARKER on
> the stack. It in turn falsely reports an unreliable stacktrace and blocks
> any live patching transition to finish. Said condition lasts until the
> stack frame is overwritten/initialized by function call or other means.
>
> In principle, we could mitigate this by making the exception frame
> classification condition in save_stack_trace_tsk_reliable() stronger:
> in addition to testing for STACK_FRAME_REGS_MARKER, we could also take into
> account that for all exceptions executing on the kernel stack
> - their stack frames's backlink pointers always match what is saved
> in their pt_regs instance's ->gpr[1] slot and that
> - their exception frame size equals STACK_INT_FRAME_SIZE, a value
> uncommonly large for non-exception frames.
>
> However, while these are currently true, relying on them would make the
> reliable stacktrace implementation more sensitive towards future changes in
> the exception entry code. Note that false negatives, i.e. not detecting
> exception frames, would silently break the live patching consistency model.
>
> Furthermore, certain other places (diagnostic stacktraces, perf, xmon)
> rely on STACK_FRAME_REGS_MARKER as well.
>
> Make the exception exit code clear the on-stack STACK_FRAME_REGS_MARKER
> for those exceptions running on the "normal" kernel stack and returning
> to kernelspace: because the topmost frame is ignored by the reliable stack
> tracer anyway, returns to userspace don't need to take care of clearing
> the marker.
>
> Furthermore, as I don't have the ability to test this on Book 3E or
> 32 bits, limit the change to Book 3S and 64 bits.
>
> Finally, make the HAVE_RELIABLE_STACKTRACE Kconfig option depend on
> PPC_BOOK3S_64 for documentation purposes. Before this patch, it depended
> on PPC64 && CPU_LITTLE_ENDIAN and because CPU_LITTLE_ENDIAN implies
> PPC_BOOK3S_64, there's no functional change here.

That has nothing to do with the fix and should really be in a separate
patch.

I can split it when applying.

cheers

> Fixes: df78d3f61480 ("powerpc/livepatch: Implement reliable stack tracing for the consistency model")
> Reported-by: Joe Lawrence <joe.lawrence@redhat.com>
> Signed-off-by: Nicolai Stange <nstange@suse.de>
> Signed-off-by: Joe Lawrence <joe.lawrence@redhat.com>
> ---
> arch/powerpc/Kconfig | 2 +-
> arch/powerpc/kernel/entry_64.S | 7 +++++++
> 2 files changed, 8 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/Kconfig b/arch/powerpc/Kconfig
> index 2890d36eb531..73bf87b1d274 100644
> --- a/arch/powerpc/Kconfig
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/Kconfig
> @@ -220,7 +220,7 @@ config PPC
> select HAVE_PERF_USER_STACK_DUMP
> select HAVE_RCU_TABLE_FREE if SMP
> select HAVE_REGS_AND_STACK_ACCESS_API
> - select HAVE_RELIABLE_STACKTRACE if PPC64 && CPU_LITTLE_ENDIAN
> + select HAVE_RELIABLE_STACKTRACE if PPC_BOOK3S_64 && CPU_LITTLE_ENDIAN
> select HAVE_SYSCALL_TRACEPOINTS
> select HAVE_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING
> select HAVE_IRQ_TIME_ACCOUNTING
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/entry_64.S b/arch/powerpc/kernel/entry_64.S
> index 435927f549c4..a2c168b395d2 100644
> --- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/entry_64.S
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/entry_64.S
> @@ -1002,6 +1002,13 @@ END_FTR_SECTION_IFSET(CPU_FTR_HAS_PPR)
> ld r2,_NIP(r1)
> mtspr SPRN_SRR0,r2
>
> + /*
> + * Leaving a stale exception_marker on the stack can confuse
> + * the reliable stack unwinder later on. Clear it.
> + */
> + li r2,0
> + std r2,STACK_FRAME_OVERHEAD-16(r1)
> +
> ld r0,GPR0(r1)
> ld r2,GPR2(r1)
> ld r3,GPR3(r1)
> --
> 2.20.1

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