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Subject[PATCH] refcount_t: add ACQUIRE ordering on success for dec(sub)_and_test variants
Date
This adds an smp_acquire__after_ctrl_dep() barrier on successful
decrease of refcounter value from 1 to 0 for refcount_dec(sub)_and_test
variants and therefore gives stronger memory ordering guarantees than
prior versions of these functions.

Co-developed-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Elena Reshetova <elena.reshetova@intel.com>
---
Documentation/core-api/refcount-vs-atomic.rst | 24 +++++++++++++++++++++---
arch/x86/include/asm/refcount.h | 22 ++++++++++++++++++----
lib/refcount.c | 18 +++++++++++++-----
3 files changed, 52 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/core-api/refcount-vs-atomic.rst b/Documentation/core-api/refcount-vs-atomic.rst
index 322851b..976e85a 100644
--- a/Documentation/core-api/refcount-vs-atomic.rst
+++ b/Documentation/core-api/refcount-vs-atomic.rst
@@ -54,6 +54,13 @@ must propagate to all other CPUs before the release operation
(A-cumulative property). This is implemented using
:c:func:`smp_store_release`.

+An ACQUIRE memory ordering guarantees that all post loads and
+stores (all po-later instructions) on the same CPU are
+completed after the acquire operation. It also guarantees that all
+po-later stores on the same CPU must propagate to all other CPUs
+after the acquire operation executes. This is implemented using
+:c:func:`smp_acquire__after_ctrl_dep`.
+
A control dependency (on success) for refcounters guarantees that
if a reference for an object was successfully obtained (reference
counter increment or addition happened, function returned true),
@@ -119,13 +126,24 @@ Memory ordering guarantees changes:
result of obtaining pointer to the object!


-case 5) - decrement-based RMW ops that return a value
------------------------------------------------------
+case 5) - generic dec/sub decrement-based RMW ops that return a value
+---------------------------------------------------------------------

Function changes:

* :c:func:`atomic_dec_and_test` --> :c:func:`refcount_dec_and_test`
* :c:func:`atomic_sub_and_test` --> :c:func:`refcount_sub_and_test`
+
+Memory ordering guarantees changes:
+
+ * fully ordered --> RELEASE ordering + ACQUIRE ordering on success
+
+
+case 6) other decrement-based RMW ops that return a value
+---------------------------------------------------------
+
+Function changes:
+
* no atomic counterpart --> :c:func:`refcount_dec_if_one`
* ``atomic_add_unless(&var, -1, 1)`` --> ``refcount_dec_not_one(&var)``

@@ -136,7 +154,7 @@ Memory ordering guarantees changes:
.. note:: :c:func:`atomic_add_unless` only provides full order on success.


-case 6) - lock-based RMW
+case 7) - lock-based RMW
------------------------

Function changes:
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/refcount.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/refcount.h
index dbaed55..232f856 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/refcount.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/refcount.h
@@ -67,16 +67,30 @@ static __always_inline void refcount_dec(refcount_t *r)
static __always_inline __must_check
bool refcount_sub_and_test(unsigned int i, refcount_t *r)
{
- return GEN_BINARY_SUFFIXED_RMWcc(LOCK_PREFIX "subl",
+ bool ret = GEN_BINARY_SUFFIXED_RMWcc(LOCK_PREFIX "subl",
REFCOUNT_CHECK_LT_ZERO,
r->refs.counter, e, "er", i, "cx");
+
+ if (ret) {
+ smp_acquire__after_ctrl_dep();
+ return true;
+ }
+
+ return false;
}

static __always_inline __must_check bool refcount_dec_and_test(refcount_t *r)
{
- return GEN_UNARY_SUFFIXED_RMWcc(LOCK_PREFIX "decl",
- REFCOUNT_CHECK_LT_ZERO,
- r->refs.counter, e, "cx");
+ bool ret = GEN_UNARY_SUFFIXED_RMWcc(LOCK_PREFIX "decl",
+ REFCOUNT_CHECK_LT_ZERO,
+ r->refs.counter, e, "cx");
+
+ if (ret) {
+ smp_acquire__after_ctrl_dep();
+ return true;
+ }
+
+ return false;
}

static __always_inline __must_check
diff --git a/lib/refcount.c b/lib/refcount.c
index ebcf8cd..6e904af 100644
--- a/lib/refcount.c
+++ b/lib/refcount.c
@@ -33,6 +33,9 @@
* Note that the allocator is responsible for ordering things between free()
* and alloc().
*
+ * The decrements dec_and_test() and sub_and_test() also provide acquire
+ * ordering on success.
+ *
*/

#include <linux/mutex.h>
@@ -164,8 +167,8 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(refcount_inc_checked);
* at UINT_MAX.
*
* Provides release memory ordering, such that prior loads and stores are done
- * before, and provides a control dependency such that free() must come after.
- * See the comment on top.
+ * before, and provides an acquire ordering on success such that free()
+ * must come after.
*
* Use of this function is not recommended for the normal reference counting
* use case in which references are taken and released one at a time. In these
@@ -190,7 +193,12 @@ bool refcount_sub_and_test_checked(unsigned int i, refcount_t *r)

} while (!atomic_try_cmpxchg_release(&r->refs, &val, new));

- return !new;
+ if (!new) {
+ smp_acquire__after_ctrl_dep();
+ return true;
+ }
+ return false;
+
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(refcount_sub_and_test_checked);

@@ -202,8 +210,8 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(refcount_sub_and_test_checked);
* decrement when saturated at UINT_MAX.
*
* Provides release memory ordering, such that prior loads and stores are done
- * before, and provides a control dependency such that free() must come after.
- * See the comment on top.
+ * before, and provides an acquire ordering on success such that free()
+ * must come after.
*
* Return: true if the resulting refcount is 0, false otherwise
*/
--
2.7.4
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