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SubjectRe: [PATCH 0/3] iommu/arm-smmu: Add support to use Last level cache
On Tue, Jan 29, 2019 at 8:34 PM Ard Biesheuvel
<ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org> wrote:
>
> (+ Bjorn)
>
> On Mon, 28 Jan 2019 at 12:27, Vivek Gautam <vivek.gautam@codeaurora.org> wrote:
> >
> > Hi Ard,
> >
> > On Thu, Jan 24, 2019 at 1:25 PM Ard Biesheuvel
> > <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org> wrote:
> > >
> > > On Thu, 24 Jan 2019 at 07:58, Vivek Gautam <vivek.gautam@codeaurora.org> wrote:
> > > >
> > > > On Mon, Jan 21, 2019 at 7:55 PM Ard Biesheuvel
> > > > <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org> wrote:
> > > > >
> > > > > On Mon, 21 Jan 2019 at 14:56, Robin Murphy <robin.murphy@arm.com> wrote:
> > > > > >
> > > > > > On 21/01/2019 13:36, Ard Biesheuvel wrote:
> > > > > > > On Mon, 21 Jan 2019 at 14:25, Robin Murphy <robin.murphy@arm.com> wrote:
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > >> On 21/01/2019 10:50, Ard Biesheuvel wrote:
> > > > > > >>> On Mon, 21 Jan 2019 at 11:17, Vivek Gautam <vivek.gautam@codeaurora.org> wrote:
> > > > > > >>>>
> > > > > > >>>> Hi,
> > > > > > >>>>
> > > > > > >>>>
> > > > > > >>>> On Mon, Jan 21, 2019 at 12:56 PM Ard Biesheuvel
> > > > > > >>>> <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org> wrote:
> > > > > > >>>>>
> > > > > > >>>>> On Mon, 21 Jan 2019 at 06:54, Vivek Gautam <vivek.gautam@codeaurora.org> wrote:
> > > > > > >>>>>>
> > > > > > >>>>>> Qualcomm SoCs have an additional level of cache called as
> > > > > > >>>>>> System cache, aka. Last level cache (LLC). This cache sits right
> > > > > > >>>>>> before the DDR, and is tightly coupled with the memory controller.
> > > > > > >>>>>> The clients using this cache request their slices from this
> > > > > > >>>>>> system cache, make it active, and can then start using it.
> > > > > > >>>>>> For these clients with smmu, to start using the system cache for
> > > > > > >>>>>> buffers and, related page tables [1], memory attributes need to be
> > > > > > >>>>>> set accordingly. This series add the required support.
> > > > > > >>>>>>
> > > > > > >>>>>
> > > > > > >>>>> Does this actually improve performance on reads from a device? The
> > > > > > >>>>> non-cache coherent DMA routines perform an unconditional D-cache
> > > > > > >>>>> invalidate by VA to the PoC before reading from the buffers filled by
> > > > > > >>>>> the device, and I would expect the PoC to be defined as lying beyond
> > > > > > >>>>> the LLC to still guarantee the architected behavior.
> > > > > > >>>>
> > > > > > >>>> We have seen performance improvements when running Manhattan
> > > > > > >>>> GFXBench benchmarks.
> > > > > > >>>>
> > > > > > >>>
> > > > > > >>> Ah ok, that makes sense, since in that case, the data flow is mostly
> > > > > > >>> to the device, not from the device.
> > > > > > >>>
> > > > > > >>>> As for the PoC, from my knowledge on sdm845 the system cache, aka
> > > > > > >>>> Last level cache (LLC) lies beyond the point of coherency.
> > > > > > >>>> Non-cache coherent buffers will not be cached to system cache also, and
> > > > > > >>>> no additional software cache maintenance ops are required for system cache.
> > > > > > >>>> Pratik can add more if I am missing something.
> > > > > > >>>>
> > > > > > >>>> To take care of the memory attributes from DMA APIs side, we can add a
> > > > > > >>>> DMA_ATTR definition to take care of any dma non-coherent APIs calls.
> > > > > > >>>>
> > > > > > >>>
> > > > > > >>> So does the device use the correct inner non-cacheable, outer
> > > > > > >>> writeback cacheable attributes if the SMMU is in pass-through?
> > > > > > >>>
> > > > > > >>> We have been looking into another use case where the fact that the
> > > > > > >>> SMMU overrides memory attributes is causing issues (WC mappings used
> > > > > > >>> by the radeon and amdgpu driver). So if the SMMU would honour the
> > > > > > >>> existing attributes, would you still need the SMMU changes?
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > >> Even if we could force a stage 2 mapping with the weakest pagetable
> > > > > > >> attributes (such that combining would work), there would still need to
> > > > > > >> be a way to set the TCR attributes appropriately if this behaviour is
> > > > > > >> wanted for the SMMU's own table walks as well.
> > > > > > >>
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > Isn't that just a matter of implementing support for SMMUs that lack
> > > > > > > the 'dma-coherent' attribute?
> > > > > >
> > > > > > Not quite - in general they need INC-ONC attributes in case there
> > > > > > actually is something in the architectural outer-cacheable domain.
> > > > >
> > > > > But is it a problem to use INC-ONC attributes for the SMMU PTW on this
> > > > > chip? AIUI, the reason for the SMMU changes is to avoid the
> > > > > performance hit of snooping, which is more expensive than cache
> > > > > maintenance of SMMU page tables. So are you saying the by-VA cache
> > > > > maintenance is not relayed to this system cache, resulting in page
> > > > > table updates to be invisible to masters using INC-ONC attributes?
> > > >
> > > > The reason for this SMMU changes is that the non-coherent devices
> > > > can't access the inner caches at all. But they have a way to allocate
> > > > and lookup in system cache.
> > > >
> > > > CPU will by default make use of system cache when the inner-cacheable
> > > > and outer-cacheable memory attribute is set.
> > > >
> > > > So for SMMU page tables to be visible to PTW,
> > > > -- For IO coherent clients, the CPU cache maintenance operations are not
> > > > required for buffers marked Normal Cached to achieve a coherent view of
> > > > memory. However, client-specific cache maintenance may still be
> > > > required for devices
> > > > with local caches (for example, compute DSP local L1 or L2).
> > >
> > > Why would devices need to access the SMMU page tables?
> >
> > No, the devices don't need to access the page tables, rather the PTW does.
> > Sorry for mixing it up.
> >
> > >
> > > > -- For non-IO coherent clients, the CPU cache maintenance operations (cleans
> > > > and/or invalidates) are required at buffer handoff points for buffers marked as
> > > > Normal Cached in any CPU page table in order to observe the latest updates.
> > > >
> > >
> > > Indeed, and this is what your non-coherent SMMU PTW requires, and what
> > > you /should/ get when you omit the 'dma-coherent' property from its DT
> > > node (and if you don't, it is a bug in the SMMU driver that should get
> > > fixed)
> > >
> > > The question is whether using inner-non-cached/outer-cacheable
> > > attributes for the PTW is required for correctness, or whether it is
> > > merely an optimization (since the point of this exercise was to avoid
> > > snoop latency from the SMMU PTW). If it is an optimization, I would
> > > like to understand whether the performance delta between SMMU page
> > > tables in DRAM vs SMMU page tables in the LLC justifies these
> > > intrusive changes to the SMMU driver.
> >
> > IIUC, SMMU uses the TCR configurations to decide how PTW should access
> > the memory. TCR doesn't direct CPU whether to use cacheable or non -cacheable
> > memory to allocate page tables. Is that right?
>
> Correct
>
> > Currently, these TCR configurations are set for inner-cacheable, and
> > outer-cacheable.
> > With this, is it assumed that PTW would snoop into the CPU caches for
> > any updates
> > of the page tables?
> >
> `
> Yes, and if I understand the issue correctly, this snooping is costly,
> which is why you want to avoid it, right?
>
> > When we omit 'dma-coherent', CPU will allocate non-coherent memory
> > for these page tables, and software has to explicitly flush CPU caches to
> > make the changes visible to SMMU.
>
> Indeed. But I would expect the TCR configuration to reflect this as
> well, and that doesn't appear the case.

Yea, we are discussing this case of TCR configurations for non-coherent memory
in another thread [1].

[1] https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/patch/1032939/

>
> > The CPU will still mark this memory as Normal Cached, i.e. inner cached,
> > outer cached, and the non-IO coherent SMMU PTW won't be able to snoop into
> > CPU caches. Does the following code in io-pgtable-arm.c ensures that SMMU
> > sees the latest page tables?
> >
> > } else if (!(cfg->quirks & IO_PGTABLE_QUIRK_NO_DMA) &&
> > !(pte & ARM_LPAE_PTE_SW_SYNC)) {
> > __arm_lpae_sync_pte(ptep, cfg);
> > }
> >
>
> I don't know the history of why NO_DMA is implemented as a quirk (and
> why it is called like that in the first place).
> But it indeed appears that this is where the cache maintenance occurs
> for non-coherent PTWs.
>
> > This change is mostly to get optimized PTW. As seen in the patch [1] for GPU,
> > there's a separate slice for page tables - "gpuhtw_llc_slice".
> > Let me try to get the numbers for this optimization.
> >
>
> Yes, please. We'd need to compare page tables in the LLC with page
> tables in system RAM, and for completeness, it would be nice to
> include the cache-coherent configuration as well.

Sure, let me ping Pratik and Patrick to check if they have already have
these numbers available, else I can check it.

Regards
Vivek

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